Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Social Inclusion
M. Àngels Cabasés, Miquel Úbeda and M. Jesús Gómez, Universitat de Lleida;Carles Feixa and José Sánchez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Carme Riera, Universitat de Barcelona

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Article

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Social Inclusion
Raquel Carrasco, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;Virginia Hernanz, Universidad de Alcalá

Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people) exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a low educational level.

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Article

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Social Inclusion
Santiago Giraldo-Luque, Isabel Villegas-Simón, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;Alessandro Bernardi, Social Elephants;Cristina Fernández-Rovira, Universitat de Vic-Universitat Central de Catalunya

Does  it pay to be a micro-influencer? Some 62% of those interviewed in this study are dissatisfied with their earnings in relation to the impact that they generate in their communities.

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Article

Do fathers spend more time with their children than they used to?

Tomás Cano, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt and Universitat Pompeu Fabra

According to this study, in comparison with the year 2002, in 2010 there was an increase in the time that mothers, and even more so fathers, devoted to their children. Despite this, the gender gap persists.

Do fathers spend more time with their children than they used to?

Article

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Javier Mato Díaz, Ángel Alonso Domínguez, Rosario González Arias and Israel Escudero Castillo, Universidad de Oviedo

Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study, participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO qualification by 12%.

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Article

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Education Social Inclusion
Silvia Carrasco, Jordi Pàmies, Laia Narciso and Angelina Sánchez, (EMIGRA – CER-Migracions, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

What role must teachers play to combat early leaving from education and training of young people of foreign origin? This study shows that their support is key and that they must count on the necessary resources for guiding pupils.

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

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Context Indicators

Using a series of basic indicators and synthetic indicators on social, demographic and economic issues, this section of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” offers a view in figures of the social reality of Spain within the European and international context.

Context Indicators

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Social Inclusion Indicators

Social Inclusion

What is the country’s socioeconomic situation? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” includes in this section a series of indicators that offer a current-day snapshot of the relationship between the economy and people, analysing aspects such as the composition of households or labour market access in comparison with the societies of peer countries.

Social Inclusion Indicators

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Education Indicators

Education

Where is education heading? In this section the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” presents a series of indicators are presented that are key to understanding the situation of education in our society. The majority have been built using data from international databases such as the European Social Survey (ESS) or the PISA Report, among others.

Education Indicators

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Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

Science

Research is a potential driving force for promoting economic growth and social welfare. What is the relative effort in research that different countries make? What economic activities are related to that research? This set of indicators provides an introduction to the history of research and innovation in various countries.

Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

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Culture Indicators

Culture

How is our country positioned in cultural questions? Understanding culture in its broadest form, the indicators presented by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” in this section allow us to interpret how culture is interrelated, within a European context, with today’s social and economic reality.

Culture Indicators

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