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From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of
growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus
that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008.
This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that
analyse this issue from very different perspectives.
Spain’s Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation, Carmen
Vela, describes in this interview the strengths of the current system and
highlights those fronts being worked on with regard to the medium and long
Historically, technology has transformed many professions. How will
technological development affect future employment? The Social Observatory
of “la Caixa” analyses the situation in Spain with regard to “risk of
Science is a very relevant activity in economic terms, which also has a
very favourable social perception. However, Spain invests less in R&D than
the rest of the European countries, confirming a gap between citizens'
attitudes and the will of politicians and businesses.
Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new
big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth,
the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.