The population changes, included in the gross rates of total population change, can arise through variations in population caused by natural changes (births and deaths) and by migratory movements (gross rates of net migration).
Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs
Increasingly, the inhabitants of the suburbs have been choosing not to go and vote. What are the reasons that explain such extreme abstention by this collective in electoral processes? Has the new politics managed to draw greater participation from the more disadvantaged areas?
Cultural Participation in Spain: Antecedents and Opportunities
The level of cultural participation in our country is similar to that of other European countries, with the exception of the Nordic countries. From a comparative perspective, this article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” analyses the effects of education level, age, income and some variables of the employment situation on attendance rates.
In what type of households do elderly people live?
What are the most common living arrangements for elderly people? In Spain, the percentage of those living alone or with their partner is lower in comparison with our peer countries.
Public investment in elderly people
What percentage of public spending is allocated to elderly people? The tendency in European countries has been to increase the weight of the resources allocated to this group.
Dependence for personal care
How many people aged over 65 years have difficulties in performing some of the basic activities of everyday life? In our country, 33% of people aged over 65 years have problems washing themselves independently.
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Reforzar el bienestar social: del ingreso mínimo a la renta básica
Este informe recoge el análisis sobre la situación social en España y sobre la capacidad de las ayudas y subsidios existentes para garantizar unos ingresos mínimos a todos los ciudadanos, con el objetivo de reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad.
What social challenges does decent housing represent in Spain? This report analyses three challenges in this field: access, conditions and energy needs.