The population changes, included in the gross rates of total population change, can arise through variations in population caused by natural changes (births and deaths) and by migratory movements (gross rates of net migration).
What were the consequences of the regularisation, in 2005, of 600,000
non-EU immigrants who were working in Spain? This study reveals that it did
not lead to any “call effect”, but did lead to increased tax revenues.
Do remedial education programmes aimed at students from underprivileged
groups work? This study shows that they only manage to benefit immigrant
pupils if the proportion of them in the school group does not exceed 50%.
Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the
population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether
differences exist between the different foreign groups.
What to do with young, unaccompanied refugees who at the age of 18 have
their state tutelage removed? In Belgium, they voted for a comprehensive
individualised accompaniment and support from young native people with whom
they are co-housed.
Does being an immigrant influence employability? Judging by the data, yes,
and prominently: in 2018, the occupation rate of the foreign population in
Spain with higher education was 9.2 points below that of the native