The population changes, included in the gross rates of total population change, can arise through variations in population caused by natural changes (births and deaths) and by migratory movements (gross rates of net migration).
Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs
Increasingly, the inhabitants of the suburbs have been choosing not to go and vote. What are the reasons that explain such extreme abstention by this collective in electoral processes? Has the new politics managed to draw greater participation from the more disadvantaged areas?
Cultural Participation in Spain: Antecedents and Opportunities
The level of cultural participation in our country is similar to that of other European countries, with the exception of the Nordic countries. From a comparative perspective, this article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” analyses the effects of education level, age, income and some variables of the employment situation on attendance rates.
Impact of the origin of parents on the poverty of their children
Is the origin of parents a determinant in suffering a greater risk of poverty? We analyse whether the children of immigrants are more vulnerable.
In what type of households do elderly people live?
What are the most common living arrangements for elderly people? In Spain, the percentage of those living alone or with their partner is lower in comparison with our peer countries.
Public investment in elderly people
What percentage of public spending is allocated to elderly people? The tendency in European countries has been to increase the weight of the resources allocated to this group.
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The redistributive effects of wealth tax
Does a wealth tax help to reduce inequality when it comes to distributing wealth? This report shows that Spain’s wealth tax displays major shortcomings that limit its collection and redistributive impact. This impact could be strengthened without losing its collection capacity through possible reforms and a simpler, more neutral structure.
Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?
Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.
What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?
We analyse the relative influence of family background and each person’s skills in terms of social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain?