What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Department of Sociology of Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies)

The value of domestic work in Spain exceeds 426.372 million euros, over 40,72% of GDP.
Key points
  • 1
       GDP is the main indicator of a country’s national accounts system and economy, but it does not contemplate many activities carried out in homes, as they are not exchanged in the market. This is the case with care of children and dependents, cooking, and household cleaning.
  • 2
       The economic cost of these activities is estimated by calculating the time that household members invest in domestic tasks and multiplying it by the wage that would be paid to an outside person to do those tasks (8.09 euros per hour). According to the calculations made in this study, non-remunerated work would represent some 40.8% of GDP.
  • 3
       Men and women contribute to this work unequally, with the female contribution being the most important. If the non-remunerated work done by women were taken into account when calculating GDP, it would have represented 26.2% of the GDP of 2010, a percentage similar to the industrial sector.
Economic value of different non-remunerated activities. By gender, in 2010.
Economic value of different non-remunerated activities. By gender, in 2010.

To calculate the value of domestic work, different non-remunerated activities that appear in the graph are taken into account. Tasks related with food (meal preparation, washing up, shopping) are the most expensive, followed by household maintenance (mainly cleaning but also repairs).

Then come tasks related with clothing (washing, drying, ironing, sewing), care of children and dependents, and regular journeys for carrying out activities.

Gender inequalities

The difference is especially important in activities related with food, mainly performed by women. 

Hide full article

Classification

Tags

Thematics

Related contents

Dossier

Families and Child Welfare

The 6th Dossier of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” aims to provide elements for reflection on the diversity of family models in Spain and on how these can condition child welfare.

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

Article

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.


You may also like

Report

Reforzar el bienestar social: del ingreso mínimo a la renta básica

Reforzar el bienestar social: del ingreso mínimo a la renta básica

Social Inclusion

Este informe recoge el análisis sobre la situación social en España y sobre la capacidad de las ayudas y subsidios existentes para garantizar unos ingresos mínimos a todos los ciudadanos, con el objetivo de reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad.

Report

Housing

Housing

Social Inclusion

What social challenges does decent housing represent in Spain? This report analyses three challenges in this field: access, conditions and energy needs.

Dossier

Housing: right or commodity?

Housing: right or commodity?

Social Inclusion

The seventh Dossier from the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” focuses on the residential insecurity faced by society’s most vulnerable groups, and access to housing for young people.