The population changes, included in the gross rates of total population change, can arise through variations in population caused by natural changes (births and deaths) and by migratory movements (gross rates of net migration).
Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the
population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether
differences exist between the different foreign groups.
What to do with young, unaccompanied refugees who at the age of 18 have
their state tutelage removed? In Belgium, they voted for a comprehensive
individualised accompaniment and support from young native people with whom
they are co-housed.
Through the training of immigrant mothers, so that they can act as
“neighbourhood mothers”, this action, carried out in Denmark, is successful
in transmitting to women from ethnic minorities their rights and
obligations in the host country.
“From refugees to citizens” is the slogan for the project of the German
city of Altena to facilitate the social integration of refugees and asylum
seekers. The distinctive trait of this experience is the leading role
played by civil society.
Temporary work contracts are more common among the foreign population: in
2018, some 37.1% of the employed population of foreign origin had temporary
contracts and 19.3%, part-time contracts, 13 and 6 points higher,
respectively, than the population of native origin.
Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people)
exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that
involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a
low educational level.
An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social
integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles,
team managers tended towards choosing players with local names.