The population changes, included in the gross rates of total population change, can arise through variations in population caused by natural changes (births and deaths) and by migratory movements (gross rates of net migration).
Do remedial education programmes aimed at students from underprivileged
groups work? This study shows that they only manage to benefit immigrant
pupils if the proportion of them in the school group does not exceed 50%.
Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the
population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether
differences exist between the different foreign groups.
What to do with young, unaccompanied refugees who at the age of 18 have
their state tutelage removed? In Belgium, they voted for a comprehensive
individualised accompaniment and support from young native people with whom
they are co-housed.
Through the training of immigrant mothers, so that they can act as
“neighbourhood mothers”, this action, carried out in Denmark, is successful
in transmitting to women from ethnic minorities their rights and
obligations in the host country.
Individuals in low-income households are increasingly more likely to have
no wealth or have debt. Between 2002 and 2017, the share of individuals
living in households that had debt increased from 3% to 9%.