The Gini coefficient measures inequality in income distribution. To facilitate its interpretation, the values (from 0 to 1) are multiplied by a hundred, varying between zero and one hundred. A coefficient close to zero means that a more equal distribution exists, while a coefficient close to one hundred implies a high concentration of income in the hands of a reduced number of individuals and, therefore, greater inequality.
The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the
level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per
inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European
average, unchanged from the previous year
Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women
continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and
industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour