Education and Immigration
The graph shows the mathematics proficiency of non-immigrant students and of first- and second-generation children of immigrant families at age 15 years. In Spain, the performance of students of first-generation immigrant origin is 55 points below, and that of students of second-generation immigrant origin 34 points below that of non-immigrant students, which is equivalent to being behind by one year of education (the progress recorded in an academic year represents around 40 points in the tests). This gap constitutes a generalised problem in Europe, as even in the Nordic countries, whose education system is considered a model, the differences are even greater.
Families and Child Welfare
The 6th Dossier of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” aims to provide elements for reflection on the diversity of family models in Spain and on how these can condition child welfare.
Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?
In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.
Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship
A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.
Reading skills among native and immigrant children: the compensating effect of preschool attendance
Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion
Some 79.3% of households with children and with very low work intensity were at risk of poverty in 2017. Does this figure exceed the European average?
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Education as a Social Elevator
Education, research and knowledge are fundamental pillars for predicting a country’s future development. The Dossier tackles the role of education as a social elevator and the presence of students of immigrant origin in the classroom.
The Social Elevator
Despite its perception in recent years, education continues to be a very effective vehicle for social promotion, as well as a more significant factor than social origin in providing access to the professional classes.