Education and Immigration
The graph shows the mathematics proficiency of non-immigrant students and of first- and second-generation children of immigrant families at age 15 years. In Spain, the performance of students of first-generation immigrant origin is 55 points below, and that of students of second-generation immigrant origin 34 points below that of non-immigrant students, which is equivalent to being behind by one year of education (the progress recorded in an academic year represents around 40 points in the tests). This gap constitutes a generalised problem in Europe, as even in the Nordic countries, whose education system is considered a model, the differences are even greater.
Families and Child Welfare
The 6th Dossier of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” aims to provide elements for reflection on the diversity of family models in Spain and on how these can condition child welfare.
Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship
A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.
Reading skills among native and immigrant children: the compensating effect of preschool attendance
Difficulties of families related with housing
54.5% of single-parent households have no capacity to tackle unforeseen expenses. What type of material shortages do other households have?
In what type of households do elderly people live?
What are the most common living arrangements for elderly people? In Spain, the percentage of those living alone or with their partner is lower in comparison with our peer countries.
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Education as a Social Elevator
Education, research and knowledge are fundamental pillars for predicting a country’s future development. The Dossier tackles the role of education as a social elevator and the presence of students of immigrant origin in the classroom.
The Social Elevator
Despite its perception in recent years, education continues to be a very effective vehicle for social promotion, as well as a more significant factor than social origin in providing access to the professional classes.