“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

Aart Liefbroer, sociologist and researcher at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute

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Demographic determinants

Population changes can occur due to variations in the population caused by natural changes and migratory movements.

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Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

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Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

Some 79.3% of households with children and with very low work intensity were at risk of poverty in 2017. Does this figure exceed the European average?

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Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

Best practices

CaixaProinfancia Programme

The CaixaProinfancia programme supports families in a situation of poverty with academic reinforcement, grants for food and hygiene, leisure, psychotherapeutic care and family educational support.

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Perception regarding immigration

Perception regarding immigration

Social Inclusion

In 2017, some 7 out of every 10 Spaniards considered that the integration of immigrants was generally satisfactory, a percentage much higher than the EU average.

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Perceived health status

Perceived health status

Social Inclusion

People of Spanish and foreign nationalities alike have a perception of their health as good or very good, and above the European Union average.

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The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Social Inclusion

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.