The Gini coefficient measures inequality in income distribution. To facilitate its interpretation, the values (from 0 to 1) are multiplied by a hundred, varying between zero and one hundred. A coefficient close to zero means that a more equal distribution exists, while a coefficient close to one hundred implies a high concentration of income in the hands of a reduced number of individuals and, therefore, greater inequality.
The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the
level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per
inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European
average, unchanged from the previous year
Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women
continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and
industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour
Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people)
exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that
involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a
low educational level.
An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social
integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles,
team managers tended towards choosing players with local names.