The Gini coefficient measures inequality in income distribution. To facilitate its interpretation, the values (from 0 to 1) are multiplied by a hundred, varying between zero and one hundred. A coefficient close to zero means that a more equal distribution exists, while a coefficient close to one hundred implies a high concentration of income in the hands of a reduced number of individuals and, therefore, greater inequality.
An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social
integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles,
team managers tended towards choosing players with local names.
The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the
level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per
inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European
average, unchanged from the previous year
Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women
continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and
industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour
The arrival of foreign pupils at state-owned schools caused the
displacement of the children of native families with greater resources
towards private schools. What effects does this displacement have on the
quality of the public system?
Four out of every ten workers in Spain, who have or are seeking a job,
would be prepared to go and live somewhere else. Income and the
professional career associated with upwards social mobility are the main
reasons for interregional mobility.