The Gini coefficient measures inequality in income distribution. To facilitate its interpretation, the values (from 0 to 1) are multiplied by a hundred, varying between zero and one hundred. A coefficient close to zero means that a more equal distribution exists, while a coefficient close to one hundred implies a high concentration of income in the hands of a reduced number of individuals and, therefore, greater inequality.
Globalisation and the rapid technological and digital transformation has
resulted in two coexisting economic models: “turbo-capitalism”, which works
with international logic, and “retro-capitalism”, which adopts the old
logic of protectionist capitalism.
Despite the advances in recent decades, we are still a long way off from
achieving real gender equality. We analyse the differences in the labour
sphere and in the reconciliation of working life and family life.