Innovation Output Indicator (2014)
The Innovation Output Indicator offers a measure of how ideas are capable of reaching the market. It is based on four components: technological innovation, employment in knowledge-intensive activities, competitiveness of knowledge-intensive goods and services and employment in companies showing the greatest growth within the most innovative sectors.
Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?
Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?
Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries
Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.
Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal
What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.
Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship
A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.
Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe
Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.
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Research and innovation: what are our stakes?
Is it countries with resources that make the biggest investment in science? Or is it that countries that devote the most efforts to science are those that generate the greatest wealth? This is the opening question of the third "la Caixa" Social Observatory Dossier, which analyses the current social context of science and to what extent it represents a value-added contribution to our society.
Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?
The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” wonders whether it is possible to combine concern for the environment with economic growth. This study, one of the first in its field, shows a positive link between eco-innovation and the creation of employment, even in periods of recession.