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The redistributive effects of the system of taxes and transfers in Europe

We analyse possible reforms, considered in a pre-covid-19 scenario, for improving the welfare state in Spain and its redistributive capacity in relation to the European average.

Report

The redistributive effects of social benefits and taxes: a review of the current situation

The situation in the coming months forces us to reflect on our society's (pre-covid-19) redistributive capacity. Spain is one of the EU countries with the greatest income inequality.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

Some 79.3% of households with children and with very low work intensity were at risk of poverty in 2017. Does this figure exceed the European average?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

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Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Social Inclusion

Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people) exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a low educational level.

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Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Social Inclusion

Does it pay to be a micro-influencer? Some 62% of those interviewed in this study are dissatisfied with their earnings in relation to the impact that they generate in their communities.

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Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Education

What role must teachers play to combat early leaving from education and training of young people of foreign origin? This study shows that their support is key and that they must count on the necessary resources for guiding pupils.