The graph shows the historical evolution of the ratio between youth unemployment and general unemployment in Spain in comparison with peer countries. In Spain, the structural nature of youth unemployment is observed, accentuated, in recent years, by the economic crisis.
Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women
continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and
industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour
Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people)
exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that
involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a
low educational level.
An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social
integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles,
team managers tended towards choosing players with local names.