null Las rentas mínimas autonómicas en España: balance y retos de futuro

Las rentas mínimas autonómicas en España: balance y retos de futuro

José Antonio Noguera, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

El presente capítulo presenta un balance de la experiencia de los programas autonómicos de rentas mínimas en España. Para ello, ofrece una panorámica del contexto en el que surgen dichos programas, su evolución, problemas de diseño e implementación, y los resultados en cuanto al impacto sobre la pobreza. A pesar de su expansión sostenida durante treinta años, los programas de rentas mínimas siguen siendo en su mayoría insuficientes para reducir sustancialmente la alta tasa de pobreza en España, y no ayuda el hecho de disponer de diecinueve programas con regulaciones y niveles de generosidad muy dispares. Por ello se plantea la necesidad de una reforma del sistema de garantía de rentas que camine hacia una auténtica renta garantizada. Algunos de los pasos necesarios en esa dirección ya se están dando en las reformas recientes de las rentas mínimas de determinadas comunidades autónomas.
Key points
  • 1
       Las rentas mínimas autonómicas se han consolidado y cumplen un papel apreciable, pero son aún débiles para reducir sustancialmente la tasa de pobreza en España.
  • 2
       Hay demasiada heterogeneidad entre comunidades autónomas en el diseño y las cuantías de las rentas mínimas, aunque las últimas reformas convergen en generosidad.
  • 3
       La crisis y los problemas de las rentas mínimas obligan a replantear el modelo de garantía de rentas en España, inspirándose en éxitos relativos como el del País Vasco.

Classification

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Report

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

Does a wealth tax help to reduce inequality when it comes to distributing wealth? This report shows that Spain’s wealth tax displays major shortcomings that limit its collection and redistributive impact.

Report

The redistributive effects of the system of taxes and transfers in Europe

We analyse possible reforms, considered in a pre-covid-19 scenario, for improving the welfare state in Spain and its redistributive capacity in relation to the European average.

Report

The redistributive effects of family policies

One of the risks of the pandemic is an increase in child poverty. We analyse the effectiveness of redistributive polices (pre-covid-19) whose aim is to protect vulnerable households with children.

Report

The redistributive effects of social benefits and taxes: a review of the current situation

The situation in the coming months forces us to reflect on our society's (pre-covid-19) redistributive capacity. Spain is one of the EU countries with the greatest income inequality.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

You may also find interesting

Interview

“To alleviate poverty, there are small investments that can have an enormous impact”

“To alleviate poverty, there are small investments that can have an enormous impact”

Social Inclusion

Can poverty be eradicated? Michael Kremer, Nobel Prize for Economics 2019, talks to us about new tools for the economy, which enable us to obtain a rigorous estimate of causes and impacts.

Report

Analysis of social needs of women and men

Analysis of social needs of women and men

Social Inclusion

Have we improved in terms of equality between men and women? In this report we analyse five dimensions: economic wellbeing, employment, access to decent housing, education and state of health.

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Social Inclusion

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.