The data are expressed in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS) which allows the elimination of the differences in price levels that exist between countries and facilitates, therefore, a comparison of the GDP that better reflects the economic capacity of the citizens of each country.
The volume of GDP per capita in Purchasing Power Standards is expressed in relation to the average of the European Union (EU-28), which takes the value of 100. Thus, if a country’s index is higher than 100, it means that the GDP per capita level of that country is higher than the average value of the European Union, and vice versa.
Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new
big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth,
the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.
Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women
continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and
industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour
Deprivations during childhood become unequal opportunities in adulthood.
Understanding the conditions in which this population segment lived prior
to the covid-19 crisis can help to prepare for the future.