The increase in high school and university graduates experienced in the second half of the last century can be observed in the generation born prior to the 1980s. This explains why the graph shows a significant incidence of population aged between 25 and 34 years with higher education qualifications. This indicator is very similar to that of the United States, one of the countries with the highest percentage of young people with higher education qualifications in the world. Despite this, the two countries differ greatly in the basic education (primary education and first phase of secondary education levels attained). The graph shows clearly that Spain is far behind the United States in the proportion of young people who have attained a level of intermmediate eduaction (secondary 2nd phase and post-secondary education). It is worth highlighting that this difference has decreased in the last ten years, although only slightly.
Do remedial education programmes aimed at students from underprivileged
groups work? This study shows that they only manage to benefit immigrant
pupils if the proportion of them in the school group does not exceed 50%.
Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for
the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study,
participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO
qualification by 12%.
What role must teachers play to combat early leaving from education and
training of young people of foreign origin? This study shows that their
support is key and that they must count on the necessary resources for