The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

What are the employment prospects for after the crisis?

Josep Lladós, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)

Key points
  • 1
       The Spanish economy has not taken advantage of the economic reactivation to transform its occupational structure and create mainly jobs that require more complex and sophisticated skills.
  • 2
       Emergence from the crisis has led to growing polarisation in the probability of access to employment according to the level of educational attainment: people with low or intermediate levels of education have a lesser presence among the occupied population.
  • 3
       Although routine jobs are predominant in the Spanish economy, the need for manual skills, wage restraint and the absence of standardisation in certain tasks are protecting these jobs, at least temporarily, from being substituted by technology.
Structure of employment in Spain
Structure of employment in Spain

The labour market in Spain presents some specificities that have emerged with intensity during the economic reactivation of the last four years. The new jobs generated have consolidated a growing polarisation of employment according to levels of education: while occupations and profiles with higher qualifications are experiencing a substantial increase, at the same time notable growth is being experienced by types of occupation that involve routine tasks and low qualifications. This latter type of occupation, furthermore, has been prevalent among the new jobs created in recent years.

Hide full article

Classification

Author

Josep Lladós, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)

Tags

Thematics

Related contents

Report

Labour market

A country’s development depends on access to employment with adequate conditions and sufficient remuneration to cover the needs of each household. This report analyses the social needs linked to the labour market.

Article

How do young people access housing?

We evaluate the difficulties faced by young people in accessing an own home and what demographic effects this situation has.

Article

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

Does the phenomenon of the "working poor" spread? Among other effects of the economic crisis, temporary and part-time jobs have increased and wages have been reduced.

Article

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.   

Article

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

Numerous diagnoses exist relating to the increase in youth unemployment caused by the economic crisis. The article reflects on the effectiveness of policies generated according to these diagnoses and, especially, on the European Recommendation of the Youth Guarantee.


You may also like

Infodata

In what types of housing does the Spanish population live?

In what types of housing does the Spanish population live?

Social Inclusion

Some 45.6% of the population lives in a flat in a building with more than 10 homes. Is this the same in the rest of Europe?

Best practices

"la Caixa" Foundation's Affordable Rental Programme

"la Caixa" Foundation's Affordable Rental Programme

Social Inclusion

A programme that offers quality housing for the most vulnerable groups: young people, families and elderly people.

Report

Housing

Housing

Social Inclusion

What social challenges does decent housing represent in Spain? This report analyses three challenges in this field: access, conditions and energy needs.