The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

What are the employment prospects for after the crisis?

Josep Lladós, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)

Key points
  • 1
       The Spanish economy has not taken advantage of the economic reactivation to transform its occupational structure and create mainly jobs that require more complex and sophisticated skills.
  • 2
       Emergence from the crisis has led to growing polarisation in the probability of access to employment according to the level of educational attainment: people with low or intermediate levels of education have a lesser presence among the occupied population.
  • 3
       Although routine jobs are predominant in the Spanish economy, the need for manual skills, wage restraint and the absence of standardisation in certain tasks are protecting these jobs, at least temporarily, from being substituted by technology.
Structure of employment in Spain
Structure of employment in Spain

The labour market in Spain presents some specificities that have emerged with intensity during the economic reactivation of the last four years. The new jobs generated have consolidated a growing polarisation of employment according to levels of education: while occupations and profiles with higher qualifications are experiencing a substantial increase, at the same time notable growth is being experienced by types of occupation that involve routine tasks and low qualifications. This latter type of occupation, furthermore, has been prevalent among the new jobs created in recent years.

Classification

Author

Josep Lladós , Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Article

Going to work in another city: who is willing to do so and why?

Four out of every ten workers in Spain, who have or are seeking a job, would be prepared to go and live somewhere else. Income and the professional career associated with upwards social mobility are the main reasons for interregional mobility.

Article

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

The digital divide reduces equal opportunities for citizens. This article examines the reasons for this based on the analysis of ICT use patterns among Spanish compulsory secondary-school students.

Infodata

Social exclusion from the labour market

The difference in unemployment rates between men and women in our country is larger than the European average. How has it evolved during the recent years of economic crisis?

Article

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

The “la Caixa” Banking Foundation grants programme, which funds postgraduate studies, has a major impact on the careers of its beneficiaries. Who applies for these grants and what factors determine to whom they are awarded?

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

You may also find interesting

Report

The redistributive effects of family policies

The redistributive effects of family policies

One of the risks of the pandemic is an increase in child poverty. We analyse the effectiveness of redistributive polices (pre-covid-19) whose aim is to protect vulnerable households with children.

Report

Analysis of social needs of children

Analysis of social needs of children

Deprivations during childhood become unequal opportunities in adulthood. Understanding the conditions in which this population segment lived prior to the covid-19 crisis can help to prepare for the future.

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled.