Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs
Increasingly, the inhabitants of the suburbs have been choosing not to go and vote. What are the reasons that explain such extreme abstention by this collective in electoral processes? Has the new politics managed to draw greater participation from the more disadvantaged areas?
Is research responding to health needs?
How can we ensure that biomedical research is aligned with social needs? This article from the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses how resources could be assigned efficiently.
How can legislation be used to promote public health?
In Spain, smoking and road accidents are responsible for an important loss of years and quality of life. Have the legal measures taken in recent years had any effect on this problem?
Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens
Science is a very relevant activity in economic terms, which also has a very favourable social perception. However, Spain invests less in R&D than the rest of the European countries, confirming a gap between citizens' attitudes and the will of politicians and businesses.
Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?
On the global economic map drawn up by the financial crisis of 2008, the emerging countries are displacing the developed countries in the attracting of foreign investment in R&D. What factors influence this phenomenon and how does it affect countries such as Spain?
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The redistributive effects of special taxes
The aim of excise duties is to reduce the negative impact on society of specific consumption, such as fuels, tobacco or alcohol. Like all taxes, they also share the function of collection. This report shows that they are regressive in their current design, given that
they account for a significantly igher percentage of income from poor rather than rich households. It also presents the design of possible reforms that would help to increase their redistributive impact.
The redistributive effects of wealth tax
Does a wealth tax help to reduce inequality when it comes to distributing wealth? This report shows that Spain’s wealth tax displays major shortcomings that limit its collection and redistributive impact. This impact could be strengthened without losing its collection capacity through possible reforms and a simpler, more neutral structure.
Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?
Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.