Do remedial education programmes aimed at students from underprivileged
groups work? This study shows that they only manage to benefit immigrant
pupils if the proportion of them in the school group does not exceed 50%.
Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for
the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study,
participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO
qualification by 12%.
Individuals in low-income households are increasingly more likely to have
no wealth or have debt. Between 2002 and 2017, the share of individuals
living in households that had debt increased from 3% to 9%.