Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Silvia Carrasco, Jordi Pàmies, Laia Narciso and Angelina Sánchez, (EMIGRA – CER-Migracions, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

In Spain, 75% of migrant-background young people aspire to further education. However, even with support from their families, one in three leaves his or her studies early. One of the main causes for this early leaving is the lack of confidence they perceive from their teachers. Early leaving from education and training renders these young people more vulnerable to unemployment and they run a higher risk of social exclusion than their Spanish-background peers.
Key points
  • 1
       In Spain, young people have the highest academic aspirations in the European Union. However, Spain also has the highest rate of early leaving from education and training in the EU and the largest difference between native and non-native early leavers.
  • 2
       The Spanish study of the European project Reducing Early School Leaving in the EU (RESL.eu) analyses the difference in the early leaving rate between native and non-native pupils, as well as differences by social class and sex. The participants in the study were 3,731 young people taking final year of compulsory secondary education, pre-university baccalaureate, intermediate and higher training cycles, and occupational training programmes. Twenty percent of the sample were from a migrant background.
  • 3
       By sex and origin, those most affected by early school leaving are young men born abroad. Only young women with Spanish nationality fulfil the EU objective for Spain in 2020: to not exceed 15% early school leaving.
  • 4
       Perceived support from teachers is the most important factor for preventing the risk of early school leaving, along with pupils’ academic aspirations, school engagement and perceived support from their families.
Percentage of early school leaving, by nationality, of pupils aged 18 to 24
Percentage of early school leaving, by nationality, of pupils aged 18 to 24

In Spain, 75% of migrant-background young people aspire to further education. However, even with support from their families, one in three leaves his or her studies early.
One of the main causes for this early leaving is the lack of confidence they perceive from their teachers, to whom they attribute educational expectations that are lower than those conveyed to them by their parents, and much lower still than their own aspirations.
Early school leaving decreased after the crisis and levelled off in 2017. Collectively, foreign pupils consistently show early school leaving rates between 15 and 20 points higher than those of Spanish pupils.
 

Classification

Authors

Silvia Carrasco, Jordi Pàmies, Laia Narciso and Angelina Sánchez , (EMIGRA – CER-Migracions, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Article

Early leavers from education and training reflect social inequalities

What factors increase the likelihood of students dropping out? Poor grades are not the only indicator of early drop-out.

Article

Whom do we trust?

Does ethnic discrimination exist in the second-hand market online? This study analyses its presence in transactions between buyers and sellers in Spain.

Article

Regularising the situation of the immigrant population does not result in a “call ef-fect”

What were the consequences of the regularisation, in 2005, of 600,000 non-EU immigrants who were working in Spain? This study reveals that it did not lead to any “call effect”, but did lead to increased tax revenues.

Article

Remedial education for primary-school children: a useful measure for immigrant pupils?

Do remedial education programmes aimed at students from underprivileged groups work? This study shows that they only manage to benefit immigrant pupils if the proportion of them in the school group does not exceed 50%.

Article

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study, participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO qualification by 12%.

You may also find interesting

Article

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

Education Social Inclusion

Some 23.5% of pupils of immigrant origin leave school in the transition between compulsory and post-compulsory education. We analyse the differences by pupils' migration status and sex.

Article

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

Education Social Inclusion

How does socioeconomic inequality affect the academic progress of students? Using recent data we analyse the case of Spain and how it compares with the rest of Europe.

Infodata

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

Education Social Inclusion

What is the rate for early leaving of education and training by sex? The Europe 2020 Strategy has a target of 15%.