Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

Proyect selected in Call to incentivise the dissemination of research in the Social Sciences

Almudena Moreno Mínguez, UVa
Raquel Llorente Heras, UAM
Diego Dueñas Fernández, UAH
Adapted by: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

How do families solve the problem of balancing work and family life when school finishes for the summer? Mothers bear the brunt in the job sphere, which causes probable negative consequences for them in the short and the long run.
Key points
  • 1
       Women in Spain move from employment to inactivity in the summer more than men do.
  • 2
       Para las mujeres, la atención de las distintas cargas familiares es una razón muy importante para pasar a la inactividad en verano, mientras que para los hombres es un motivo de mucho menor peso.
  • 3
       For women, attending to the various family obligations is a very important reason for moving to inactivity in the summer, whereas for men it is a less powerful reason.

Many women become economically inactive in the summer (neither work nor look for a job) to reconcile their time with their family’s needs. This may entail various risks of an occupational nature, such as fewer professional opportunities, worse wage prospects and a less secure work future.

Using data obtained from the Economically Active Population Flow Statistics (Estadística de Flujos de la Población Activa or EFPA) published by the National Statistics Institute (INE), the analysis conducted for this study shows that, in the summer, women move from employment to inactivity more than men do. Between 2010 and 2019, an average of 325,730 women transited to inactivity in the third quarter of the year, while only 220,260 men took this option. What appears to be a solution to the problem of work-family balance actually becomes an ineffective solution, as it generates a bigger problem in the long run: it causes career stoppages among women and reduces their real and potential wages on the Spanish labour market. Furthermore, it is important to note the root of the ineffectiveness of this solution: at present, the women who leave the labour market in the summer have a more solid professional background than the men who move from employment to inactivity.

Classification

Authors

Almudena Moreno Mínguez , UVa
Raquel Llorente Heras , UAM
Diego Dueñas Fernández , UAH
Adapted by: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

Article

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.

Infodata

Dependence for personal care

How many people aged over 65 years have difficulties in performing some of the basic activities of everyday life? In our country, 33% of people aged over 65 years have problems washing themselves independently.

Infodata

In what type of households do elderly people live?

What are the most common living arrangements for elderly people? In Spain, the percentage of those living alone or with their partner is lower in comparison with our peer countries.

Infodata

Participation in studies related with culture by gender

In all the countries, courses related with culture involved more women than men in 2015. In Spain, 57.8% of students with culture-related qualifications were women.

You may also find interesting

Infodata

Disproportionate housing costs

Disproportionate housing costs

Social Inclusion

Some 30.4% of people of foreign origin live in households in which their housing costs exceed 40% of their disposable income.

Report

Long-life societies confronting the challenge of long-term care

Long-life societies confronting the challenge of long-term care

Social Inclusion

What does long-term care represent for societies with increasing life expectancy? We analyse the research that exists on this issue.

Infodata

Employment rates of the population (aged 24 to 64)

Employment rates of the population (aged 24 to 64)

Social Inclusion

Does being an immigrant influence employability? Judging by the data, yes, and prominently: in 2018, the occupation rate of the foreign population in Spain with higher education was 9.2 points below that of the native population.