Article

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

Social Inclusion
Anna García-Altés,Catalan Agency for Health Quality and Evaluation (AQuAS);Emili Vela, Montse Clèries and Cristina Adroher,CatSalut;Vincenzo Alberto Vella,CIBERESP;Adapted by Xavier Aguilar

Healthcare spending is unequal: it increases with age and is higher among men than women. Furthermore, 5% of the population is responsible for 50% of total expenditure. We analyse the factors that explain this, within a pre-covid-19 scenario.

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina,Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Report

Analysis of social needs of children

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón and Rosa Martínez López,Universidad Rey Juan Carlos y EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez and Marina Romaguera de la Cruz,Universidad de Alcalá & EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz,UNED & EQUALITAS

Deprivations during childhood become unequal opportunities in adulthood. Understanding the conditions in which this population segment lived prior to the covid-19 crisis can help to prepare for the future.

Analysis of social needs of children

Report

Analysis of social needs of youth

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala and Rosa Martínez López,Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez y Marina Romaguera de la Cruz,Universidad de Alcalá y EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz,UNED & EQUALITAS

A lack of professional opportunities and labour precarity mean that young people are very vulnerable to economic crises. What were the circumstances of this group prior to covid-19?

Analysis of social needs of youth

Report

Analysis of social needs of senior citizens

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala and Rosa Martínez López,Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz,UNED & EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez and Marina Romaguera de la Cruz,Universidad de Alcalá & EQUALITAS

Elderly people enjoy greater economic stability but suffer from a worse state of health. We analyse the situation of this population segment prior to the drastic change caused by covid-19.

Analysis of social needs of senior citizens

Infodata

Impact of education level of parents on the poverty of their children

Social Inclusion
The risk of poverty and social exclusion increases as education level decreases. How far does the difference reach?
Impact of education level of parents on the poverty of their children

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Context Indicators

Using a series of basic indicators and synthetic indicators on social, demographic and economic issues, this section of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” offers a view in figures of the social reality of Spain within the European and international context.

Context Indicators

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Social Inclusion Indicators

Social Inclusion

What is the country’s socioeconomic situation? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” includes in this section a series of indicators that offer a current-day snapshot of the relationship between the economy and people, analysing aspects such as the composition of households or labour market access in comparison with the societies of peer countries.

Social Inclusion Indicators

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Education Indicators

Education

Where is education heading? In this section the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” presents a series of indicators are presented that are key to understanding the situation of education in our society. The majority have been built using data from international databases such as the European Social Survey (ESS) or the PISA Report, among others.

Education Indicators

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Science

Research is a potential driving force for promoting economic growth and social welfare. What is the relative effort in research that different countries make? What economic activities are related to that research? This set of indicators provides an introduction to the history of research and innovation in various countries.

Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

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Culture

How is our country positioned in cultural questions? Understanding culture in its broadest form, the indicators presented by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” in this section allow us to interpret how culture is interrelated, within a European context, with today’s social and economic reality.

Culture Indicators

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