Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona;Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza;Adaptación: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

Employed but poor

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

Employed but poor

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, University of Lausanne, Switzerland;Giorgio Piccitto, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

Social Inclusion
Clara Martínez-Toledano, Facundo Alvaredo and Miguel Artola, Paris School of Economics;Adaptation: Sergio Torrejón Pérez, social researcher

The increase in economic inequality in recent years in Spain translates into the richest 1% of the population obtaining a higher income than the poorest 50%. What lies behind this concentration of capital?

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

Infodata

People suffering severe material deprivation

Social Inclusion

In the last ten years, the percentage of people in a situation of severe material deprivation in Spain has remained below the European average. Which country has the highest material deprivation rate?

People suffering severe material deprivation

Highlights

Reviews

Barometer

Barometer

Context Indicators

Using a series of basic indicators and synthetic indicators on social, demographic and economic issues, this section of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” offers a view in figures of the social reality of Spain within the European and international context.

Context Indicators

Barometer

Social Inclusion Indicators

Social Inclusion

What is the country’s socioeconomic situation? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” includes in this section a series of indicators that offer a current-day snapshot of the relationship between the economy and people, analysing aspects such as the composition of households or labour market access in comparison with the societies of peer countries.

Social Inclusion Indicators

Barometer

Education Indicators

Education

Where is education heading? In this section the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” presents a series of indicators are presented that are key to understanding the situation of education in our society. The majority have been built using data from international databases such as the European Social Survey (ESS) or the PISA Report, among others.

Education Indicators

Barometer

Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

Science

Research is a potential driving force for promoting economic growth and social welfare. What is the relative effort in research that different countries make? What economic activities are related to that research? This set of indicators provides an introduction to the history of research and innovation in various countries.

Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

Barometer

Culture Indicators

Culture

How is our country positioned in cultural questions? Understanding culture in its broadest form, the indicators presented by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” in this section allow us to interpret how culture is interrelated, within a European context, with today’s social and economic reality.

Culture Indicators

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New calls for applications by projects for reflection!

Calls held by Palau Macaya and Madrid CaixaForum to encourage dialogue and find answers to the challenges posed by today’s society.

 

New calls for applications by projects for reflection!