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1<#assign assetEntryLocalService = serviceLocator.findService("com.liferay.portlet.asset.service.AssetEntryLocalService") /> 
2<#assign journalArticleLocalService = serviceLocator.findService("com.liferay.portlet.journal.service.JournalArticleLocalService") /> 
3<#assign getterUtil = staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.kernel.util.GetterUtil"] /> 
4<#assign article = journalArticleLocalService.getArticle(getterUtil.getLong(groupId),.vars['reserved-article-id'].data)> 
5<#assign entry = assetEntryLocalService.getEntry('com.liferay.portlet.journal.model.JournalArticle', article.resourcePrimKey) > 
6<#assign assetCategoryPropertyLocalService = serviceLocator.findService("com.liferay.portlet.asset.service.AssetCategoryPropertyLocalService")> 
7<#assign layoutLocalService = serviceLocator.findService("com.liferay.portal.service.LayoutLocalService")> 
8 
9<#assign serviceContext = staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.service.ServiceContextThreadLocal"].getServiceContext()> 
10<#assign themeDisplay = serviceContext.getThemeDisplay() /> 
11 
12<#assign assetEntryQueryService = objectUtil('com.liferay.portlet.asset.service.AssetEntryLocalServiceUtil')> 
13 
14 
15<#assign vocabularyIdTemaP = propsUtil.get("vocabulary.tematica.principal")?number /> 
16<#assign vocabularyIdTemaS = propsUtil.get("vocabulary.tematica.secundario")?number /> 
17<#assign vocabularyIdTipoC = propsUtil.get("vocabulary.tipo.contenido")?number /> 
18<#assign vocabularyIdTipoContenidoCategoryE = propsUtil.get("vocabulary.tipo.contenido.category.excluded") /> 
19 
20<#assign categories = entry.getCategories() /> 
21<#assign categoriesPrincipal  = getCategories(categories vocabularyIdTemaP)> 
22<#assign categoriesSecundaria = getCategories(categories vocabularyIdTemaS)> 
23 
24 
25<#assign display=""> 
26	<div class="container-fluid article-content" id="content-wrapper">	 
27		 
28		<#assign  mostar = TITLE.getSiblings()?size> 
29	    <#if TITLE.getSiblings()?has_content &&  mostar != 1>	    	 
30		    <div class="col-md-1 col-sm-1 col-xs-1"> 
31		    	<aside id='scroll-nav' class=" article-aside hidden-sm hidden-xs" style="top: 0px;"><!-- reports --> 
32		    	 
33					<ul class="scroll-list"> 
34						<li class="arrow up"><a href="#section1"><span class="fa fa-angle-up"></span></a></li>						 
35						<#assign lastSection = "1">												 
36						<#list TITLE.getSiblings() as item >	                        	                         
37	                        <li data-toggle="tooltip" data-placement="right" title="" data-original-title='${item.ORDER.getData()}.${item.getData()}' class=""><a href='#section${item.ORDER.getData()}'><span class="fa fa-circle-o"></span></a></li>	                        																 	 
38						 	<#assign lastSection = item.ORDER.getData()> 
39						</#list>						 
40						<li class="arrow down"><a href="#section${lastSection}"><span class="fa fa-angle-down"></span></a></li> 
41					</ul>			 
42				</aside><!-- /article -->			 
43			</div> 
44		</#if> 
45		 
46		<div class="col-md-8 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 cos-article">	 
47				<section class="row article" > 
48					<article class="scroll-nav__section" id="section0"> 
49					 
50						<div class="pos-sup"> 
51							<section class="date-content"> 
52									<span class="posted-on"><time datetime="${MONTH.getData()} ${YEAR.getData()}">${MONTH.getData()} ${YEAR.getData()}</time></span> 
53							</section> 
54							 
55							<#assign pathThemeImage = themeDisplay.getPathThemeImage() />  							 
56							<div class="print-action hidden-sm hidden-xs">						 
57								<span class="">  
58								<a href="javascript:print();" class=" taglib-icon">  
59									<img id="bhfa__column1__0" src="${pathThemeImage}/spacer.png"> 									 
60								</a>  
61								</span> 
62							</div> 
63							 
64						</div> 
65						<div class="titulo-content"> 
66					        	<h1 class="main-h1">${Titulo.getData()}</h1>					        	 
67					    </div> 
68						<#if Subtitol.getData()?has_content > 
69							 <div class="subtitulo-content">								 
70								<h1 class="main-h1">${Subtitol.getData()}</h1> 
71							</div> 
72						</#if> 
73 
74						<#if Autor.getSiblings()?has_content && Autor.getSiblings()[0].getData() != ""> 
75							<section class="autors clean-padding col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12"> 
76						        <#list Autor.getSiblings() as autor> 
77									<div class="autors-content"> 
78										<div class="autor">								 
79											<#if autor.Descripcio_Autor.getData()?has_content> 
80												${autor.getData()}&#44; ${autor.Descripcio_Autor.getData()} 
81											<#else> 
82												${autor.getData()} 
83											</#if>											 
84										</div> 
85									</div> 
86								</#list> 
87							</section> 
88				        </#if> 
89 
90						<#if DOCUMENT.getData()?has_content > 
91					        <section class="clean-padding col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12">                 
92								<div class="last-downloads"> 
93					     			<#assign classFile=getButtonStyles(DOCUMENT.getData())> 
94									<#assign targetFile="target=\"_blank\""/>         
95						 			<a ${targetFile} href="${DOCUMENT.getData()}" title="${TITLE.getData()}" class="btn btn-download pushtag-download"> 
96						  				<div class="text"><@liferay.language key="observatoriosocial-download"/></div>         
97						  				<div class="icon fa fa-2x ${classFile}"></div> 
98						   			</a> 
99					   			</div> 
100					         </section>         
101					    </#if>	 
102				         
103				       <#-- PREVIEW --> 
104				       <#if RESUM_PREVI??> 
105				      	<#if getterUtil.getBoolean(RESUM_PREVI.getData())>   							 
106				      		<div class="previ"> 
107					   			<h1 class="titol-previ"> 
108						       	 ${RESUM_PREVI.get("SUBTITULO_PUNTOS_CLAVE").getData()}  
109								</h1> 
110						        				         
111								<div class="microresum-previ"> 
112									${RESUM_PREVI.get("MICRORESUMEN_PUNTOS_CLAVE").getData()}  
113								</div> 
114						         
115								<div class="puntsclau-previ"> 
116						        	<@liferay.language key="observatoriosocial.puntos.clave"/> 
117						        </div>					      				       		 
118						       	<#assign style="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 row"> 
119						        <#if RESUM_PREVI.get("PUNTO_CLAVE_IZQ")?has_content && RESUM_PREVI.get("PUNTO_CLAVE_DER")?has_content> 
120						       	 	<#assign style="col-md-6 col-sm-6 col-xs-12 row"> 
121						       	</#if> 
122						       	<#assign i=1>						       		 	 
123								<#if RESUM_PREVI.get("PUNTO_CLAVE_IZQ")?has_content> 
124								    <ul class="${style}"> 
125								         
126								    <#list RESUM_PREVI.get("PUNTO_CLAVE_IZQ").getSiblings() as izq > 
127								       <li>							        			 
128											<div class="numberCircle">${i}</div>&nbsp;&nbsp; 
129							      			${izq.getData()} 
130							      		</li> 
131							        	<#assign i=i+1> 
132								    </#list> 
133								    </ul> 
134								</#if> 
135								<#if RESUM_PREVI.get("PUNTO_CLAVE_DER")?has_content> 
136								    <ul class="col-md-6 col-sm-6 col-xs-12 row">								         
137								       <#list RESUM_PREVI.get("PUNTO_CLAVE_DER").getSiblings() as der > 
138									        <li>							        			 
139							        			<div class="numberCircle">${i}</div>&nbsp;&nbsp; 
140							        			${der.getData()} 
141							        		</li> 
142							        		 <#assign i=i+1> 
143								        </#list> 
144								    </ul> 
145								</#if>								   
146								<#if RESUM_PREVI.get("TITULO_GRAFICO_ITEM_PREVI")?has_content> 
147								   <#list RESUM_PREVI.get("TITULO_GRAFICO_ITEM_PREVI").getSiblings() as resum > 
148										<div class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 resum-previ"> 
149									    	<#if resum.get("GRAFICO_ITEM_PREVI").getData()?has_content> 
150									    		<div class="resum-previ-text"> 
151										       		<div class="titol-resum">${resum.getData()}</div>						        		 
152										       	</div>								        
153										       	<div class="resum-previ-imatge"> 
154										       		<img src="${resum.get("GRAFICO_ITEM_PREVI").getData()}" alt="${resum.getData()}"/> 
155										       	</div>								       						        	 
156										       	<div class="text-resum"> 
157										       		${resum.get("TEXTO_GRAFICO_ITEM_PREVI").getData()} 
158										       	</div>	 
159									    	<#else> 
160									    		<div class="resum-previ-text"> 
161									        		<div class="titol-resum">${resum.getData()}</div> 
162									        	</div> 
163									        	<div class="text-resum"> 
164									        		${resum.get("TEXTO_GRAFICO_ITEM_PREVI").getData()} 
165									        	</div>	 
166									    	</#if> 
167									    </div>	 
168									</#list> 
169								</#if> 
170							</div>										         
171							<#-- TODO:: RESTA de camps de previ -->					         
172				    	</article> 
173					</section> 
174			         
175			    	<#--  INICI BOTONS VEURE TOT i VEURE RESUM  --> 
176			    	<#assign mostrarBoton = languageUtil.get(locale, "veure-tot")>		    	 
177			    	<#assign ocultarBoton = languageUtil.get(locale, "veure-resum-previ")>			    	 
178			    	 
179			    	<#if RESUM_PREVI_TEXT_BOTO_MOSTRAR??>			    		 
180				    	<#if RESUM_PREVI_TEXT_BOTO_MOSTRAR.getData()?has_content> 
181				    		<#assign mostrarBoton =	RESUM_PREVI_TEXT_BOTO_MOSTRAR.getData()> 
182				    	</#if> 
183			    	</#if> 
184			    				    			    	 
185			    	<#if RESUM_PREVI_TEXT_BOTO_OCULTAR??> 
186				    	<#if RESUM_PREVI_TEXT_BOTO_OCULTAR.getData()?has_content> 
187				    		<#assign ocultarBoton =	RESUM_PREVI_TEXT_BOTO_OCULTAR.getData()> 
188				    	</#if>		    				    	 
189				    </#if>		    				    	 
190			    	 
191					<div class="veure-tot-botons">  
192				    	<span class="boto-veure-tot" id="boto-veure-tot-header"> 
193							<a id="veure-tot-header" title="${mostrarBoton}" href="#"> 
194								${mostrarBoton} 
195							</a> 
196						</span> 
197						<span class="boto-resum-previ" id="boto-resum-previ-header"> 
198							<a id="veure-resum-previ-header" title="${ocultarBoton}" href="#"> 
199								${ocultarBoton} 
200							</a>							 
201						</span>						 
202					</div> 
203					<#--  FI BOTONS VEURE TOT i VEURE RESUM  --> 
204					<#assign display="display:none;"> 
205			</#if> 
206			</#if>	 	  
207			 
208			     
209			 
210		   <div id="article-total" style="display:none;">     
211		   <#-- - END PREVIEW -->  
212				<#assign i = 0> 
213				<#list TITLE.getSiblings() as item > 
214					<#if item.TYPE.getData() == "1" >  
215						<section class="row article" ><!-- reports --> 
216							<article class="scroll-nav__section" id="section${item.ORDER.getData()}"><!-- col-md-6 col-xs-12 --> 
217								<#if item.getData()?has_content > 
218									<#if i == 0> 
219										<h1 class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 main-h1">${item.getData()}</h1> 
220									<#else> 
221										<h1 class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 main-h1">${item.ORDER.getData()}. ${item.getData()}</h1> 
222									</#if> 
223								</#if>							 
224								<#list item.SUBTITLE.getSiblings() as subitem > 
225									<#if subitem.getData()?has_content> 
226										<h2 class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12">${subitem.getData()}</h2> 
227									</#if> 
228									<div class="article-contents col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 row"> 
229										<!-- bloque 1 --> 
230										<#if subitem.IMAGE.getData()?has_content > 
231											<div class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 row"> 
232												<img src="${subitem.IMAGE.getData()}" class="img-responsive image-1-columna" alt="${subitem.getData()}"/>  
233											</div> 
234										</#if> 
235										<#if subitem.CITE.getData()?has_content> 
236											<div class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 row"> 
237												<cite class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 cita-1-columna">${subitem.CITE.getData()}</cite> 
238											</div> 
239										</#if> 
240										<#if subitem.CONTENT.getData()?has_content> 
241											<div class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 row"><p>${subitem.CONTENT.getData()}</p></div> 
242										</#if> 
243										<#if subitem.VIDEO.getData()?has_content> 
244											<div class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 row"><p>${subitem.VIDEO.getData()}</p></div> 
245										</#if> 
246									</div> 
247								</#list>	 
248							</article><!-- /col-md-6 col-xs-12 --> 
249						</section> 
250					<#elseif item.TYPE.getData()== "2" > 
251						<section class="row article" ><!-- reports --> 
252							<article class="scroll-nav__section three-columns" id="section${item.ORDER.getData()}"><!-- col-md-6 col-xs-12 --> 
253								<h1 class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 main-h1">${item.ORDER.getData()}. ${item.getData()}</h1> 
254								<div class="article-contents col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 row"> 
255									<div class="row col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12"> 
256										<#list item.SUBTITLE.getSiblings() as subitem> 
257											<div class="col-md-4 col-sm-4 col-xs-12"><!-- col-md-4 col-xs-12 --> 
258												<#if subitem.IMAGE.getData()?has_content> 
259													<img src="${subitem.IMAGE.getData()}" class="img-responsive" alt="${subitem.getData()}"/> 
260												</#if>	 
261												<#if subitem.SUBTITLE.getData()?has_content > 
262													<h2 class="header">${subitem.SUBTITLE.getData()}</h2>	 
263												</#if> 
264												<#if subitem.CONTENT.getData()?has_content > 
265													<div class="summary"><p>${subitem.CONTENT.getData()}</p></div> 
266												</#if>	 
267												<#if subitem.CITE.getData()?has_content > 
268													<cite class="cite">${subitem.CITE.getData()}</cite> 
269												</#if> 
270												<#if subitem.VIDEO.getData()?has_content > 
271													<div class="video">${subitem.VIDEO.getData()}</div> 
272												</#if> 
273											</div><!-- /col-md-4 col-xs-12 -->	 
274										</#list> 
275									</div>  
276								</div> 
277							</article> 
278						</section>					 
279					</#if> 
280					<#assign i = i+1>  
281				</#list> 
282								 		 
283				 <#if (PeuPagina.getSiblings()?size > 1) > 
284					<section class="row article peu-pagina" ><!-- reports --> 
285						<article class="scroll-nav__section" id=""><!-- col-md-6 col-xs-12 --> 
286							<#list PeuPagina.getSiblings() as cur_PeuPagina> 
287								<div class="peu-content"> 
288									<#if cur_PeuPagina.get("Num")?has_content >  
289										<p id='${cur_PeuPagina.get("Num").getData()}' class="num-peu"> 
290											${cur_PeuPagina.get("Num").getData()}. ${cur_PeuPagina.getData()} 
291											<a href="#ancora-#${cur_PeuPagina.get("Num").getData()}" class="tornar-ancora">&crarr;</a> 
292										</p> 
293									</#if> 
294								</div>	 
295							</#list> 
296						</article> 
297					</section> 
298				</#if> 
299			</div> 
300			<#if RESUM_PREVI??> 
301			<#if getterUtil.getBoolean(RESUM_PREVI.getData())>   
302				<div class="veure-tot-botons">				     
303					<span class="boto-resum-previ" id="boto-resum-previ-footer"> 
304						<a id="veure-resum-previ-footer" title="${ocultarBoton}" href="#"> 
305							${ocultarBoton} 
306						</a>						 
307					</span>						 
308				</div> 
309			</#if> 
310			</#if> 
311						 
312		</div> 
313 
314<#-- columna derecha -->			     
315<div class="col-md-3 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 columna-dreta">	 
316	<section class="row article" >			 
317	<div class="index-and-title titol-relateds"> <p class="category"><@liferay.language key="observatoriosocial.clasificacion"/> </p> </div> 
318 
319 
320	<#-- Autores -->	 
321	<#if TITULO_AUTORES_COL_DER.getData()?has_content >				 
322		<h2 class="main-h2">${TITULO_AUTORES_COL_DER.getData()}</h2> 
323 
324	<#if Autor.getSiblings()?has_content>		 
325		<#list Autor.getSiblings() as autor>			 
326			<div class="autors-content"> 
327				<div class="autor">								 
328					<#if autor.Descripcio_Autor.getData()?has_content> 
329						${autor.getData()} , ${autor.Descripcio_Autor.getData()} 
330					<#else> 
331						${autor.getData()} 
332					</#if> 
333				</div> 
334				<#if autor.Twitter.getData()?has_content>						 
335					<div class="twitter-autor"> 
336						<a class="fa fa-twitter" target="_blank" href="https://twitter.com/${autor.Twitter.getData()}" title="Twitter &#64;${autor.Twitter.getData()}">&#64;${autor.Twitter.getData()}</a> 
337					</div> 
338				</#if> 
339			</div>	 
340		</#list>				 
341	</#if>	 
342	</#if> 
343 
344	<#-- Clasificacion --> 
345	<h2 class="main-h2"><@liferay.language key="observatoriosocial.tags"/></h2> 
346		<div class="tags-content"> 
347		<#assign categoriesTags = [] /> 
348		<#assign categoriesTagsId = [] /> 
349 
350			<#list categories as category > 
351				<#assign vocabularyId = propsUtil.get("vocabulary.tags") /> 
352				<#if category.getVocabularyId() == vocabularyId?number> 
353					<#assign categoriesTags = categoriesTags + [category]>     
354					<#assign categoriesTagsId = categoriesTagsId + [category.getCategoryId()]>                  
355				</#if> 
356			</#list>  
357			 
358			<#assign i=0> 
359			<#list categoriesTags as category> 
360				<#assign enllacCategory="">					 
361				<#assign layoutCategoria = layoutLocalService.fetchLayoutByFriendlyURL(themeDisplay.getSiteGroupId(), false, "/busca-por-tag")>	 
362				<#assign enllacCategory = portalUtil.getLayoutFullURL(layoutCategoria, themeDisplay)+"?p_p_id=3&_3_struts_action=%2Fsearch%2Fsearch&_3_keywords=%22"+category.getTitle(locale)+"%22&categories="+category.getCategoryId()>					 
363				<#if i==(categoriesTags?size-1)>					 
364					<a href="${enllacCategory}" title="${category.getTitle(locale)}" >${category.getTitle(locale)}</a>					  
365				<#else> 
366					<a href="${enllacCategory}" title="${category.getTitle(locale)}" >${category.getTitle(locale)}</a>&#44; 
367				</#if> 
368				<#assign i=i+1> 
369			</#list>	 
370		</div> 
371 
372 
373		<#-- Tematicas -->	 
374		<h2 class="main-h2"><@liferay.language key="observatoriosocial.thematic"/></h2> 
375		<div class="tags-content">		 							 			 			 			 	 
376			<#assign categoriesThematics = [] /> 
377						 
378			<#list categories as category > 
379				<#if category.getVocabularyId() == vocabularyIdTemaP || category.getVocabularyId() == vocabularyIdTemaS> 
380					<#assign categoriesThematics = categoriesThematics + [category]>                    
381				</#if> 
382			</#list>  
383			 
384			<#assign i=0> 
385			<#list categoriesThematics as category> 
386				<#assign enllacCategory=""> 
387				<#assign assetCategoryProperty = assetCategoryPropertyLocalService.getCategoryProperty(category.getCategoryId(), "layout")/> 
388				<#assign layoutCategoria = layoutLocalService.fetchLayoutByFriendlyURL(themeDisplay.getSiteGroupId(), false, "/"+assetCategoryProperty.getValue())>	 
389				<#assign enllacCategory = portalUtil.getLayoutFullURL(layoutCategoria, themeDisplay)>					 
390 
391				<#if i==(categoriesThematics?size-1)>					 
392					<a href="${enllacCategory}" title="${category.getTitle(locale)}" >${category.getTitle(locale)}</a>					  
393				<#else> 
394					<a href="${enllacCategory}" title="${category.getTitle(locale)}" >${category.getTitle(locale)}</a>&#44; 
395				</#if> 
396				<#assign i=i+1> 
397			</#list>	 
398		</div>  
399	</section> 
400	 
401	<#-- documents --> 
402	<#if RELATED_DOCUMENTS.getData()?has_content> 
403		<section class="row article" >	 
404			<div class="index-and-title titol-relateds">  
405				<p class="category"> <@liferay.language key="observatoriosocial.related.documents"/> </p>  
406			</div>				 
407			<ul class="related-documents-content"> 
408			<#list RELATED_DOCUMENTS.getSiblings() as cur_RELATED_DOCUMENTS> 
409				<li class="related-document"> 
410					<a href="${cur_RELATED_DOCUMENTS.getData()}" target="_blank" > 
411						${cur_RELATED_DOCUMENTS.get("TITLE_DOC").getData()} 
412					</a> 
413				</li> 
414			</#list> 
415			</ul> 
416		</section>					 
417	</#if>		 
418 
419 
420<#-- Contenidos relacionados --> 
421<#assign assetEntryQuery = objectUtil('com.liferay.portlet.asset.service.persistence.AssetEntryQuery')>	 
422<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setExcludeZeroViewCount(false) >			 
423<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setOrderByCol1("priority")> 
424<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setOrderByType1("ASC")> 
425<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setOrderByCol2("publishDate")> 
426<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setOrderByType2("DESC")> 
427<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setStart(0)> 
428<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setEnd( MAX_RELATED_ART.getData()?number + 1)> 
429 
430<#assign newAssetRelatedCategoryIds = [] /> 
431<#list categoriesTags as category >					 
432	<#assign newAssetRelatedCategoryIds = newAssetRelatedCategoryIds + [category.getCategoryId()]>   
433</#list> 
434 
435<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setAnyCategoryIds(newAssetRelatedCategoryIds)> 
436 
437<#assign newAllAssetRelatedCategoryIds = [] /> 
438<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setAllCategoryIds(newAllAssetRelatedCategoryIds)> 
439 
440<#assign previewAuxRelatedIds = assetEntryQuery.getNotAnyCategoryIds()> 
441<#--Quitamos la tipologia "Seccio"--> 
442 
443<#assign newNotAllAssetRelatedCategoryIds = vocabularyIdTipoContenidoCategoryE?split(",")> 
444<#assign previewAuxRelatedIds = previewAuxRelatedIds + [newNotAllAssetRelatedCategoryIds[0]?number]> 
445 
446<#-- filtre -->			 
447<#if !themeDisplay.isSignedIn()>		 
448    <#assign categoriesPreview = [] /> 
449    <#assign assetCategory = staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.kernel.util.ClassResolverUtil"].resolveByPortalClassLoader("com.liferay.portlet.asset.model.AssetCategoryModel") /> 
450    <#assign queryPreview = staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.kernel.dao.orm.DynamicQueryFactoryUtil"].forClass(assetCategory) />			 
451    <#assign VOID = queryPreview.add(staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.kernel.dao.orm.RestrictionsFactoryUtil"].eq("name", "Preview")) />		 
452    <#assign categoriesPreview = staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.service.UserLocalServiceUtil"].dynamicQuery(queryPreview, 0, 1)> 
453     
454     <#assign categoriaPreviewId = categoriesPreview[0].getCategoryId()> 
455     <#assign previewAuxRelatedIds = previewAuxRelatedIds + [categoriaPreviewId]> 
456     
457</#if> 
458 
459<#assign search = assetEntryQuery.setNotAnyCategoryIds(previewAuxRelatedIds)> 
460 
461<#assign resultsRelateds = assetEntryQueryService.getEntries(assetEntryQuery) > 
462 
463<#-- exclude own article, if is not excluded we will exclude the last one --> 
464<#assign excluido = "false" />  
465 
466<#assign resultsRelatedsArray =[]> 
467					 
468<#list resultsRelateds as resultsRelatedsList>			 
469	<#if resultsRelatedsList.getEntryId() != entry.getEntryId()>					 
470		<#assign resultsRelatedsArray = resultsRelatedsArray + [resultsRelatedsList]> 
471	<#else> 
472		<#assign excluido = "true" />  
473	</#if> 
474</#list> 
475 
476 
477<#assign exit = 0> 
478<#if resultsRelatedsArray?has_content> 
479	<section class="row article" > 
480		<div class="index-and-title titol-relateds">  
481		<p class="category"> <@liferay.language key="observatoriosocial.related.contents"/>	</p>  
482		</div> 
483		<#list resultsRelatedsArray as x> 
484			<#assign assetRenderer = x.getAssetRenderer() >	 
485			<#assign journalArticle = assetRenderer.getArticle() /> 
486			<#assign document = saxReaderUtil.read(journalArticle.getContentByLocale(locale)) /> 
487			<#assign rootElement = document.getRootElement() /> 
488			<#assign friendlyURL = ""> 
489			<#assign viewURLRelated = ""> 
490			<#assign otro = ""> 
491				 
492			<#assign entryTitle = htmlUtil.escape(assetRenderer.getTitle(locale)) /> 
493			 
494			 
495			<#list rootElement.elements() as dynamicElement> 
496				<#if "Titulo" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
497					<#assign entryTitle = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
498				</#if> 
499				<#if "FRIENDLY_URL" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
500					<#assign friendlyURL = htmlUtil.escape(dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText()) />							 
501				</#if> 
502				<#if "YEAR" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
503					<#assign year = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
504				</#if> 
505				<#if "MONTH" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
506					<#assign month = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
507				</#if> 
508				<#if "GENERALCONTENT" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
509					<#assign content = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
510				</#if>	 
511				<#if "Otro_Enlace" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
512					<#assign otro = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() />			                           
513				</#if>							 
514																 
515			</#list>					 
516			 
517			<#assign viewURLRelated = getViewURL(friendlyURL, assetRenderer.getUrlTitle())>					 
518					 
519			<div class="related-article"> 
520				<div class="index-and-title"> 
521					 <#list x.getCategories() as category >												 
522						<#if category.getVocabularyId() == vocabularyIdTipoC> 
523							${category.getTitle(locale)}               
524						</#if> 
525					</#list> 
526				</div> 
527						 
528				<a href="${viewURLRelated}" title="${entryTitle}" class="pushtag">					  
529					<p class="title">${entryTitle}</p> 
530				</a> 
531				<#if month?has_content && year?has_content> 
532					<span class="posted-on">						 
533						<time datetime="${month} ${year}" >${month} ${year}</time> 
534					</span> 
535				</#if>    
536				<#if content?has_content > 
537					<div class="summary"><p>${content}</p></div> 
538				</#if> 
539			</div> 
540			<#assign exit = exit + 1> 
541				<#if exit==5> 
542			<#break> 
543			</#if>			 
544		</#list> 
545</#if> 
546</section> 
547<section class="row article"></section>	 
548</div> 
549 
550<#-- Tambien te puede interesar --> 
551<#assign assetEntryQuery2 = objectUtil('com.liferay.portlet.asset.service.persistence.AssetEntryQuery')>				 
552<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setExcludeZeroViewCount(false) > 
553<#-- Ordenamos los resultados por el campo "prioridad" ascendente--> 
554<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setOrderByCol1("priority") > 
555<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setOrderByType1("ASC") > 
556<#-- Ordenamos los resultados por el campo "fecha de publicación" descendente--> 
557<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setOrderByCol2("publishDate") > 
558<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setOrderByType2("DESC") > 
559<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setStart(0) > 
560<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setEnd(10)> 
561 
562<#assign newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds = []> 
563<#list categoriesPrincipal as p > 
564    <#assign newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds = newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds + [p.getCategoryId()] > 
565</#list> 
566 
567<#list categoriesSecundaria as s > 
568    <#assign newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds = newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds + [s.getCategoryId()] > 
569</#list> 
570 
571 
572<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setAllCategoryIds(newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds)> 
573 
574<#assign previewAuxInterestingIds = assetEntryQuery2.getNotAnyCategoryIds()> 
575<#--Quitamos la tipologia "Seccio"--> 
576 
577<#assign newNotAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds = vocabularyIdTipoContenidoCategoryE?split(",")> 
578<#assign previewAuxInterestingIds = previewAuxInterestingIds + [newNotAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds[0]?number]> 
579 
580<#-- filtre -->			 
581<#if !themeDisplay.isSignedIn()>		 
582    <#assign categoriesPreview = [] /> 
583    <#assign assetCategory = staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.kernel.util.ClassResolverUtil"].resolveByPortalClassLoader("com.liferay.portlet.asset.model.AssetCategoryModel") /> 
584    <#assign queryPreview = staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.kernel.dao.orm.DynamicQueryFactoryUtil"].forClass(assetCategory) />			 
585    <#assign VOID = queryPreview.add(staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.kernel.dao.orm.RestrictionsFactoryUtil"].eq("name", "Preview")) />		 
586    <#assign categoriesPreview = staticUtil["com.liferay.portal.service.UserLocalServiceUtil"].dynamicQuery(queryPreview, 0, 1)> 
587     
588     <#assign categoriaPreviewId = categoriesPreview[0].getCategoryId()> 
589     <#assign previewAuxInterestingIds = previewAuxInterestingIds + [categoriaPreviewId]> 
590     
591</#if> 
592 
593<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setNotAnyCategoryIds(previewAuxInterestingIds)> 
594 
595<#assign resultsInteresting = assetEntryQueryService.getEntries(assetEntryQuery2) > 
596 
597<#assign resultsInterestingArray = []> 
598 
599<#list resultsInteresting as resultsInterestingList> 
600   <#if resultsInterestingList.getEntryId() != entry.getEntryId() > 							 
601	  <#assign resultsInterestingArray = resultsInterestingArray + [resultsInterestingList]>  
602   </#if> 
603</#list> 
604 
605<#if resultsInterestingArray?size<3 > 
606			 
607	<#assign newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds2 = []>	 
608 
609	<#list categoriesPrincipal as p > 
610		<#assign newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds2 =newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds2 + [p.getCategoryId()] > 
611	</#list> 
612 
613	<#assign search = assetEntryQuery2.setAllCategoryIds(newAllAssetInterestingCategoryIds2) > 
614	 
615	<#assign resultsInteresting2 = assetEntryQueryService.getEntries(assetEntryQuery2) >	 
616	 
617	<#list resultsInteresting2 as lista> 
618		<#assign val = resultsInterestingArray?seq_contains(lista)?string("y", "n")>		 
619		<#if lista.getEntryId() != entry.getEntryId() && val?contains("n")> 
620			<#assign resultsInterestingArray = resultsInterestingArray + [lista]>  
621		</#if>	 
622	</#list>	 
623	 
624</#if> 
625 
626<#if resultsInterestingArray?has_content>	 
627<section class="col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 row section-article-relateds" style="margin-top: 30px;"> 
628	<h1 class="main-h1"><@liferay.language key="observatoriosocial.interesting.contents"/></h1> 
629<section class="row summary_list_observatori">		 
630 
631<#assign exit = 0> 
632<#assign JournalArticleLocalService = serviceLocator.findService("com.liferay.portlet.journal.service.JournalArticleLocalService")/> 
633<#assign JA=JournalArticleLocalService.getArticle(getterUtil.getLong(groupId), getterUtil.getString(.vars['reserved-article-id'].data))/> 
634 
635 
636<#list resultsInterestingArray as x> 
637 
638	<#assign tituloInteresting  = "" > 
639	<#assign imagenInteresting  = "" > 
640	<#assign contentInteresting = "" > 
641	<#assign yearInteresting    = "" > 
642	<#assign monthInteresting   = "" > 
643	<#assign friendlyUrlInteresting   = "" >															 
644	<#assign otherlinkInteresting   = "" > 
645	<#assign otherlinkInterestingNodes = []> 
646	<#assign otherlinkInterestingOnClick   = "" > 
647	<#assign otro   = "" > 
648 
649	<#assign assetRenderer = x.getAssetRenderer() >						 
650	<#assign articleInteresting = assetRenderer.getArticle() /> 
651	<#assign document = saxReaderUtil.read(articleInteresting.getContentByLocale(locale)) /> 
652	 
653	<#assign rootElement = document.getRootElement() /> 
654	 
655	<#list rootElement.elements() as dynamicElement> 
656		<#if "Titulo" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
657			<#assign tituloInteresting = htmlUtil.escape(dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText()) /> 
658		</#if> 
659		<#if "GENERALIMAGE" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
660			<#assign imagenInteresting = htmlUtil.escape(dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText()) /> 
661		</#if> 
662		<#if "GENERALCONTENT" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
663			<#assign contentInteresting = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
664		</#if>			 
665		<#if "YEAR" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
666			<#assign yearInteresting = htmlUtil.escape(dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText()) /> 
667		</#if> 
668		<#if "MONTH" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
669			<#assign monthInteresting = htmlUtil.escape(dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText()) /> 
670		</#if> 
671		<#if "FRIENDLY_URL" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")>							 
672			<#assign friendlyUrlInteresting = htmlUtil.escape(dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText()) />							 
673		</#if>   
674		 
675		<#if "DOCUMENT" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
676			<#assign documentInteresting = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
677		</#if>	 
678		<#if "Otro_Enlace" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
679			<#assign otro = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
680			<#assign onclick = getSingleValue(otro,dynamicElement, "onclick") />                 
681		</#if>						 
682	</#list> 
683	 
684	<#assign viewURLInteresting = getViewURL(friendlyUrlInteresting, assetRenderer.getUrlTitle())> 
685   	<#if contentInteresting?has_content> 
686    <div class="col-md-4 col-sm-4 col-xs-12"> 
687		 
688		<#assign categoriesInteresting = x.getCategories() /> 
689		<#list categoriesInteresting as category >										   
690			<#if category.getVocabularyId() == vocabularyIdTipoC> 
691				<p class="category">${category.getTitle(locale)}</p>                 
692			</#if>							 
693		</#list>		 
694				 
695		<a href="${viewURLInteresting}" title="${tituloInteresting}" class="pushtag"> 
696			<img src="${imagenInteresting}" alt="${tituloInteresting}"/> 
697		</a> 
698 
699		<a href="${viewURLInteresting}" title="${tituloInteresting}" class="pushtag" > 
700			<h2 class="header">${tituloInteresting}</h2> 
701		</a> 
702						 
703	 
704	<div class="tags-and-date">					 
705		<#list categoriesInteresting as category >			 
706			<#if category.getVocabularyId() == vocabularyIdTemaP> 
707				<#assign enllacCategory=""> 
708				<#assign assetCategoryProperty = assetCategoryPropertyLocalService.getCategoryProperty(category.getCategoryId(), "layout")/> 
709				<#assign layoutCategoria = layoutLocalService.fetchLayoutByFriendlyURL(themeDisplay.getSiteGroupId(), false, "/"+assetCategoryProperty.getValue())>	 
710				<#assign enllacCategory = portalUtil.getLayoutFullURL(layoutCategoria, themeDisplay)>  
711				<span class="tags"> 
712					<a href="${enllacCategory}" title="${category.getTitle(locale)}" >${category.getTitle(locale)}</a> 
713				</span> 
714			</#if> 
715		</#list> 
716		 
717		<#list categoriesSecundaria as category> 
718			<#assign enllacCategory=""> 
719			<#assign assetCategoryProperty = assetCategoryPropertyLocalService.getCategoryProperty(category.getCategoryId(), "layout")/> 
720			<#assign layoutCategoria = layoutLocalService.fetchLayoutByFriendlyURL(themeDisplay.getSiteGroupId(), false, "/"+assetCategoryProperty.getValue())>	 
721			<#assign enllacCategory = portalUtil.getLayoutFullURL(layoutCategoria, themeDisplay)> 
722			<span class="tags"> 
723				<a href="${enllacCategory}" title="${category.getTitle(locale)}" >${category.getTitle(locale)}</a> 
724			</span>  
725		</#list>	 
726 
727		<#if monthInteresting?has_content && yearInteresting?has_content> 
728			<span class="posted-on">						 
729				<time datetime="${monthInteresting} ${yearInteresting}">${monthInteresting} ${yearInteresting}></time> 
730			</span> 
731		</#if> 
732	</div> 
733	<p class="summary">${contentInteresting}</p>		 
734	</div> 
735	<#assign exit = exit + 1> 
736   </#if> 
737   <#if exit==3> 
738	<#break> 
739   </#if> 
740</#list> 
741</section> 
742 
743</section> 
744</#if> 
745<div class="article-final"></div> 
746</div> 
747 
748<#function getViewURL friendlyURL urlTitle > 
749 
750	<#assign viewURLFinal = ""> 
751	 
752	<#if !(friendlyURL?contains("http") || friendlyURL?contains("https")) && friendlyURL != "">						 
753		<#assign viewURLFinal = "/" + friendlyURL >					 
754	<#elseif friendlyURL?contains("http") || friendlyURL?contains("https")>					 
755		<#assign viewURLFinal = friendlyURL > 
756	<#else>							 
757		<#assign viewURLFinal = urlTitle > 
758	</#if> 
759	 
760	<#return viewURLFinal> 
761	 
762</#function> 
763 
764<#function getAutor autor dynamicElement> 
765	<#assign autorComplete=""> 
766	<#if autor?has_content> 
767	    <#assign autorList = dynamicElement.selectNodes("dynamic-element[@name='Descripcio_Autor']") /> 
768		<#if (autorList?has_content) > 
769			<#if (autorList?size>0) > 
770				<#list autorList as curr_autor> 
771					<#assign descripcio_autor = curr_autor.selectNodes("dynamic-content")[0].getData() /> 
772				    <#if descripcio_autor?has_content> 
773				    	<#assign autorComplete =autorComplete + autor + "," + descripcio_autor + ";">			 
774					<#else> 
775						<#assign autorComplete =autorComplete + autor +";"> 
776					</#if> 
777				</#list> 
778			</#if> 
779		</#if> 
780	</#if>  
781	<#return autorComplete> 
782</#function> 
783 
784<#function getAssetLinksDossierNumber assetLinks> 
785	<#assign dossierNumber=""> 
786	<#list assetLinks as assetLinkAux > 
787        	<#assign assetEnryIdLinked = assetLinkAux.getEntryId2()> 
788			<#assign assetEntryLinked = assetEntryLocalService.getEntry(assetEnryIdLinked)> 
789			<#assign categoriesLink = assetEntryLinked.getCategories()> 
790			<#assign isDossier = "false"> 
791			 
792			<#list  categoriesLink as categoryLink >				 
793				<#assign dosierCategoryId = PropsUtil.get("categoria.dossier.id")?number> 
794				<#if categoryLink.getCategoryId()==dosierCategoryId > 
795					<#assign isDossier = "true" > 
796				</#if>				 
797			</#list> 
798			<#if isDossier=="true" > 
799				<#assign dossierNumber =getArticleFieldValue(assetEntryLinked,"NUMBER",locale.toString()) >				 
800			 </#if> 
801        </#list> 
802	<#return dossierNumber> 
803</#function> 
804 
805 
806<#function getAssetLinksDossierURL assetLinks> 
807	<#assign dossierUrl=""> 
808	<#list assetLinks as assetLinkAux > 
809        	<#assign assetEnryIdLinked = assetLinkAux.getEntryId2()> 
810			<#assign assetEntryLinked = assetEntryLocalService.getEntry(assetEnryIdLinked)> 
811			<#assign categoriesLink = assetEntryLinked.getCategories()> 
812			<#assign isDossier = "false"> 
813			 
814			<#list  categoriesLink as categoryLink >				 
815				<#assign dosierCategoryId = PropsUtil.get("categoria.dossier.id")?number> 
816				<#if categoryLink.getCategoryId()==dosierCategoryId > 
817					<#assign isDossier = "true" > 
818				</#if>				 
819			</#list> 
820			<#if isDossier=="true" >				 
821				<#assign dossierUrl = AssetPublisherHelperImpl.getAssetViewURL(liferayPortletRequest, liferayPortletResponse, assetEntryLinked, viewInContext) >			 </#if> 
822        </#list> 
823	<#return dossierUrl> 
824</#function> 
825 
826<#function getCategories categories vocabularyId> 
827	<#assign categoriesList = []> 
828	<#list categories as category > 
829		<#if category.getVocabularyId()== vocabularyId> 
830			<#assign categoriesList = categoriesList + [category]> 
831		</#if>  
832	</#list> 
833	<#return categoriesList /> 
834</#function> 
835 
836 
837<#function printDivSizeCol numElements> 
838	 <#if numElements?number%2 == 0> 
839		<#return "<div class='col-md-6 col-sm-6 col-xs-12'>">	 
840	<#else> 
841		<#return  "<div class='col-md-4 col-sm-4 col-xs-12'>"> 
842	</#if>  
843</#function> 
844 
845<#function printDivSizeCol2 numElements>	  
846	<#if numElements?has_content> 
847		<#if numElements?number == 1 || numElements?number == 0>   
848			<#return "<div class='col-md-7 col-sm-7 col-xs-12'>"> 
849		<#elseif numElements?number%6 == 0> 
850			<#return "<div class='col-md-4 col-sm-4 col-xs-12'>"> 
851		<#elseif numElements?number%2 == 0> 
852			<#return "<div class='col-md-6 col-sm-6 col-xs-12'>">	 
853		<#else> 
854			<#return "<div class='col-md-4 col-sm-4 col-xs-12'>"> 
855		</#if> 
856	<#else> 
857		<#return "<div class='col-md-7 col-sm-7 col-xs-12'>"> 
858	</#if> 
859</#function> 
860 
861<#function getStringValue2levels otro dynamicElement field1 field2 > 
862	<#assign res=""> 
863	<#if otro?has_content>	     
864	    <#assign res=dynamicElement.selectSingleNode("/root/dynamic-element[@name='" 
865	     + field1+ "']/dynamic-element[@name='"+field2+"']/dynamic-content")[0].getText() /> 
866	      
867	</#if>  
868	<#return res> 
869</#function> 
870 
871<#function getSingleValue element dynamicElement fieldname> 
872	<#assign res=""> 
873	<#if element?has_content> 
874	    <#assign elementList = dynamicElement.selectNodes("dynamic-element[@name='"+fieldname+"']") /> 
875		<#if (elementList?has_content) > 
876			<#if (elementList?size>0) > 
877				<#list elementList as curr_element> 
878					<#assign cur_value = curr_element.selectNodes("dynamic-content")[0].getData() /> 
879				    <#if cur_value?has_content> 
880				    	<#assign res =res + cur_value>			 
881					</#if> 
882				</#list> 
883			</#if> 
884		</#if> 
885	</#if>  
886	<#return res> 
887</#function> 
888 
889 
890<#function getNumberValue3levels dynamicElement field1 field2 field3> 
891	<#assign res=0> 
892	<#if dynamicElement?has_content>	     
893	    <#assign res=dynamicElement.selectSingleNode("/root/dynamic-element[@name='" 
894	     + field1+ "']/dynamic-element[@name='"+field2+"']/dynamic-element[@name='"+field3+"']/dynamic-content").getText() />			 
895	</#if>  
896	<#return res?number> 
897</#function> 
898 
899<#function getButtonStyles document> 
900	<#assign classFile="fa-file-o"> 
901	<#if document?contains(".pdf")> 
902		<#assign classFile="fa-file-pdf-o"/>					     
903	<#elseif document?contains(".xls") || document?contains(".xlsx")> 
904		<#assign classFile="fa-file-excel-o"/>					     
905	<#elseif document?contains(".doc") || document?contains(".docx")> 
906		<#assign classFile="fa-file-word-o"/>					  
907	</#if>	 
908	<#return classFile> 
909</#function> 
910 
911<script type="text/javascript"> 
912	$( document ).ready(function() { 
913	 
914			$("#boto-resum-previ-footer").hide(); 
915			$("#boto-resum-previ-header").hide(); 
916			$("#scroll-nav").hide(); 
917			$("#article-total").show(); 
918			<#if RESUM_PREVI??> 
919			<#if getterUtil.getBoolean(RESUM_PREVI.getData())> 
920				$("#article-total").hide();				 
921			<#else> 
922				$("#article-total").show(); 
923				$("#scroll-nav").show(); 
924			</#if> 
925			</#if>		 
926			 
927									 
928			$("#veure-tot-header").click(function(event) { 
929			$("#boto-resum-previ-footer").show(); 
930			$("#boto-veure-tot-header").hide(); 
931			$("#boto-resum-previ-header").show(); 
932			$("#article-total").show(); 
933			$("#scroll-nav").show();									 
934			scrollNav(); 
935			event.preventDefault(); 
936		}); 
937									 
938		$("#veure-resum-previ-header").click(function(event) { 
939			$("#boto-resum-previ-footer").hide(); 
940			$("#boto-veure-tot-header").show(); 
941			$("#boto-resum-previ-header").hide(); 
942			$("#article-total").hide(); 
943			$("#scroll-nav").hide();											 
944			event.preventDefault(); 
945		}); 
946									 
947		$("#veure-resum-previ-footer").click(function(event) { 
948			$("#boto-veure-tot-header").show(); 
949			$("#boto-resum-previ-header").hide(); 
950			$("#boto-resum-previ-footer").hide();									 
951			$("#article-total").hide(); 
952			$("#scroll-nav").hide(); 
953			$(window).scrollTop(0); 
954			event.preventDefault(); 
955		}); 
956	 
957		$('.cos-article a[href^="#"]').each(function() { 
958			  $(this).addClass( "ancora" ); 
959			  $(this).attr("id","ancora-"+$(this).attr("href")); 
960		}); 
961		 
962		$(".tornar-ancora").click(function(event){ 
963			var idElement = $(this).attr("href"); 
964			$('.ancora').each(function() { 
965				if(idElement == "#"+$(this).attr("id")){ 
966					 $('html, body').animate({ 
967					        scrollTop: $(this).offset().top-80 
968					    }, 500); 
969
970			}); 
971			event.preventDefault(); 
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Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

The hidden costs of flexible working hours

Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED
M. José González, UPF

Women with children do not face a direct penalty with regard to promotion to positions of responsibility. However, the people who are penalised with regard to promotion are those workers – men and women alike – who opt for more a more flexible working day through a reduction in working hours or through teleworking. The penalty, therefore, is an indirect one. If mothers are promoted to a lesser extent it is because they are more likely to opt for flexibility in working hours, job functions and job and employment conditions.
Key points
  • 1
       Contrary to what one might think, under the same employment conditions, women workers with children have higher scores for promotion at work than men without children. The explanation lies in the women being perceived as more competent at their work.
  • 2
       Those candidates (men or women) who telework two days per week receive lower scores for being promoted at work than their counterparts who work every day from the office.
  • 3
       People working reduced working hours are worse positioned for promotion at work than those who work the regular 40-hour working week or an expanded working week of 45 hours.
  • 4
       The research analyses upward promotion to intermediate positions with supervision responsibility, not to senior management posts, in medium- and large-sized Spanish companies.
  • 5
       An experimental methodology is used that avoids social desirability biases.
Labour flexibility affects promotion at work
Labour flexibility affects promotion at work

Given the same aptitudes, when evaluating people for promotion, there is a greater penalty attached to having a reduced working day than to being a woman or to having children. In other words, the fact of being a women or having children did not penalise or reduce the probabilities of promotion within the company per se. However, an indirect penalty does exist: one of the reasons that mothers are promoted less is because they are the people who most opt for flexible working hours and working conditions.

Classification

Authors

Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero , UNED
M. José González , UPF

Tags

Thematics

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Today, thanks to policies aimed at reconciling working life and family life, increasing numbers of men are taking parental leave to be able to raise their newborn children. These new policies represent progress towards gender equality, but in Spain a significant difference still exists between men and women in the usage they make of parental leave entitlements.

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Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

To what measure do differences in educational level and gender result in a greater or lesser degree of poverty? Despite the advances in healthcare, education and income that have taken place in Spain, inequalities persist based on people’s level of education.

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Social stratification and parental care: an analysis of the Spanish case

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Increasingly, certain areas of research – such as biomedicine – incorporate the sex and gender dimension into their projects. However, despite its relevance, this question continues to be a pending assignment in the majority of cases.

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“To alleviate poverty, there are small investments that can have an enormous impact”

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Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez, Universidad de Málaga

Classification

Authors

Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez , Universidad de Málaga

Tags

Thematics

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“To alleviate poverty, there are small investments that can have an enormous impact”

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Los complementos salariales y la garantía de ingresos: posibilidades y límites

¿Se puede garantizar una renta a toda la sociedad asignando algún tipo de complemento a los salarios? Repasamos las principales características de los complementos salariales a partir de distintas experiencias, especialmente anglosajonas.

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Problemas de incentivos: renta básica universal versus prestación de ingresos mínimos

Análisis comparado de la renta básica y la prestación de ingresos mínimos. Se analizan los efectos de ambas sobre la oferta de trabajo, los costes de financiación o los problemas de englobar estas medidas en el contexto internacional. 

Chapter

Introducción

Introducción a cargo del coordinador y director del informe, Jordi Sevilla. Economista y exministro
de Administraciones Públicas (2004-2007).

Report

Reforzar el bienestar social: del ingreso mínimo a la renta básica

Este informe recoge el análisis sobre la situación social en España y sobre la capacidad de las ayudas y subsidios existentes para garantizar unos ingresos mínimos a todos los ciudadanos, con el objetivo de reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad.

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The redistributive effects of special taxes

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The aim of excise duties is to reduce the negative impact on society of specific consumption, such as fuels, tobacco or alcohol. Like all taxes, they also share the function of collection. This report shows that they are regressive in their current design, given that
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Chapter

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The redistributive effects of wealth tax

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Does a wealth tax help to reduce inequality when it comes to distributing wealth? This report shows that Spain’s wealth tax displays major shortcomings that limit its collection and redistributive impact. This impact could be strengthened without losing its collection capacity through possible reforms and a simpler, more neutral structure.

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Social Inclusion

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.


Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona
Francesc Ortega, City University of New York

Classification

Tags

Thematics

Related contents

Article

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

A predominance of low-added value employment, lack of investment in innovation and precarious conditions for workers are distancing Spain from the knowledge economy. How can this situation be corrected?

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The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

Will new-generation technologies substitute the most routine jobs? Discover the impact of automation on the world of work. 

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Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.

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Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.   

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The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

Does the phenomenon of the "working poor" spread? Among other effects of the economic crisis, temporary and part-time jobs have increased and wages have been reduced.

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Dossier

Education as a Social Elevator

Education as a Social Elevator

Education

Education, research and knowledge are fundamental pillars for predicting a country’s future development. The Dossier  tackles the role of education as a social elevator and the presence of students of immigrant origin in the classroom.

Article

Training for employed people: the need for expansion and improvement

Training for employed people: the need for expansion and improvement

Education

Training workers is vital for improving their employability. However, since the economic crisis, investment in training has fallen by 50% in Spain and social agents barely participate in the definition of continuous training actions.  

Article

Overqualification and unemployment in young people. Pathways to employment of university graduates

Overqualification and unemployment in young people. Pathways to employment of university graduates

Education

The economic crisis experienced by Spain has led to increasing numbers of young people opting to prolong their education given the lack of job prospects. This fact has caused overqualification among young people and the consolidation of unemployment.


Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

Luis Sanz Menéndez and Laura Cruz Castro, Institute of Public Goods and Policies (IPP) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Classification

Authors

Luis Sanz Menéndez and Laura Cruz Castro , Institute of Public Goods and Policies (IPP) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Tags

Thematics

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Interview

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Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

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Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

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Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.

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Research and innovation: what are our stakes?

Research and innovation: what are our stakes?

Science

Is it countries with resources that make the biggest investment in science? Or is it that countries that devote the most efforts to science are those that generate the greatest wealth? This is the opening question of the third "la Caixa" Social Observatory Dossier, which analyses the current social context of science and to what extent it represents a value-added contribution to our society. 

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Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?

Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?

Science

The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” wonders whether it is possible to combine concern for the environment with economic growth. This study, one of the first in its field, shows a positive link between eco-innovation and the creation of employment, even in periods of recession.

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Is research responding to health needs?

Is research responding to health needs?

Science

How can we ensure that biomedical research is aligned with social needs? This article from the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses how resources could be assigned efficiently.


Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Jordi Bosch, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Carme Trilla, Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory
Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

From 1952 to date, in Spain over 6.8 million homes have been built with some kind of subsidy. This represents 26% of the total of the housing stock (estimated at 25.5 million homes). However, this housing stock has gradually passed over into private hands and the public sector has not been able to equip itself with subsidised residential resources to cater for the needs of successive generations. Today, the potential demand for social housing is calculated at 1.5 million homes and, in accordance with demographic projections, this could rise to 2.6 million by the year 2030.
Key points
  • 1
       In Spain, 38.4% of families with lower incomes (first quintile of income) are in a situation of overburden (households in which the cost of the mortgage or rental represents over 40% of total income). Among households in the second quintile, this rate falls to 11%, while for the total population the average stands at 19.8%.
  • 2
       Looking specifically at the rental market segment, the rate of overburden of the population in general stands at 42.1%, the highest in Europe.
  • 3
       In Spain, there are some 276,000 social rental dwellings, which represents just 1.5% of the housing pool. Historically, public action has prioritised access to ownership through state-subsidised housing sales.
  • 4
       In Spain, investment in housing policies is at the lower end of the European comparison: it receives only 0.9% of the total budget for social affairs, which represents 0.23% of GDP.
Housing as part of public spending
Housing as part of public spending

Spending on social protection represents 39.9% of total public spending. Within this section of the budgets, there is very little margin for spending on social housing, which represents only 0.1% of total public spending.

Low social spending on housing causes imbalances that overburden other welfare state benefits, which in turn affects the state coffers. Not having a decent and appropriate place to live with regard to physical and economic conditions has a negative effect on health, on children’s educational development and on the needs for assistance and social services for the most vulnerable people in the dwelling.

Classification

Authors

Jordi Bosch , Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Carme Trilla , Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory
Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

Tags

Thematics

Related contents

Report

Housing

What social challenges does decent housing represent in Spain? This report analyses three challenges in this field: access, conditions and energy needs.

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Housing: right or commodity?

The seventh Dossier from the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” focuses on the residential insecurity faced by society’s most vulnerable groups, and access to housing for young people.

Article

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

Employment precarity is an obstacle to accessing home ownership for young people. Rental, which is more expensive, or family solidarity are the main alternatives for setting up a home.

Infodata

Difficulties in access to housing

In 2017, some 42.1% of people devoted more than 40% of their disposable income to paying the rent. What does this mean in the European context?

Infodata

Public investment in housing

In 2015, the percentage of social rental houses in Spain stood at 2.5%, which is very low. Which EU countries have the largest volume of social housing?

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The redistributive effects of special taxes

The redistributive effects of special taxes

Social Inclusion

The aim of excise duties is to reduce the negative impact on society of specific consumption, such as fuels, tobacco or alcohol. Like all taxes, they also share the function of collection. This report shows that they are regressive in their current design, given that
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Chapter

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

Social Inclusion

Does a wealth tax help to reduce inequality when it comes to distributing wealth? This report shows that Spain’s wealth tax displays major shortcomings that limit its collection and redistributive impact. This impact could be strengthened without losing its collection capacity through possible reforms and a simpler, more neutral structure.

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Social Inclusion

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.


Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

Guzmán Antonio Muñoz Fernández, Universidad de Córdoba
Adaptation: Àlex Blancafort

Precarious employment and low wages are preventing a large number of Spain’s young people from accessing home ownership. They have neither capacity to pay the initial down-payment, nor stable employment to enable them to afford mortgage payments. Renting a property – often shared due to high prices – or remaining in the family home are the only alternatives for many of them. This tendency, which started to emerge in 2008, is growing year upon year.
Key points
  • 1
       Since the start of the economic crisis, there has been an accelerated decline in the number of young homeowners: today barely 26% of people aged under 29 years are owner-occupiers, versus 54% in 2008.
  • 2
       To access home ownership, many young people have to or would have to allocate over 60% of their monthly income to making mortgage repayments.
  • 3
       Some 48.9% of young people aged under 29 years were renting their homes in 2017, versus 32.3% in 2008. The greatest price increases in the property market are being recorded in rentals.
  • 4
       An emerging force is the free occupancy formula. Family members who own more than one property offer one of them free of charge to enable young relatives to leave home.
What possibilities do young people have of purchasing a home?
What possibilities do young people have of purchasing a home?

The standards used by the banks themselves recommend that no more than 30%-35% of monthly income be allocated to paying the mortgage. However, at present, the percentage of net salary for a single-person household that might be reserved to cover the cost of the first mortgage instalment for a free-market home can exceed 60%. For this reason, a young person can only buy a home with great difficulty.

Looking at population data (averages for young people in Spain), the average annual salary for a person aged 16 to 29 years is 11,161 euros. With a 30-year mortgage and an interest rate of 2.35%, assigning the recommended 30% of net salary to paying the loan means that a single person could purchase a home worth 78,289 euros, and a young household with two salaries a home worth 143,595 euros. However, although it depends on where the house is being sought, the average price of a home in Spain is around 175,000 euros.

For the majority of young people, the initial down-payment on the property purchase and the guarantees that need to be provided for mortgages are also a problem. Thus, the initial layout rises to 45,366 euros on average, calculated based on the estimate of a down-payment of 20% of the property value and an additional 10% for buying costs. This amount represents 2.2 times the total annual income of a young household that has at least two incoming wages.

Classification

Author

Guzmán Antonio Muñoz Fernández , Universidad de Córdoba
Adaptation: Àlex Blancafort

Tags

Thematics

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Interview

“To alleviate poverty, there are small investments that can have an enormous impact”

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Dossier

Housing: right or commodity?

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The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

Article

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

Between the years 2007 and 2013, the difficulties faced in employment, housing and health worsened considerably in Spain. This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” reflects on the problems that have intensified social exclusion which affects, above all, the younger population.

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The redistributive effects of special taxes

The redistributive effects of special taxes

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The aim of excise duties is to reduce the negative impact on society of specific consumption, such as fuels, tobacco or alcohol. Like all taxes, they also share the function of collection. This report shows that they are regressive in their current design, given that
they account for a significantly igher percentage of income from poor rather than rich households. It also presents the design of possible reforms that would help to increase their redistributive impact.

Chapter

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

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Does a wealth tax help to reduce inequality when it comes to distributing wealth? This report shows that Spain’s wealth tax displays major shortcomings that limit its collection and redistributive impact. This impact could be strengthened without losing its collection capacity through possible reforms and a simpler, more neutral structure.

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Social Inclusion

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.


Cultural consumption: a question of taste or of price?

Juan Prieto Rodríguez, María José Pérez Villadóniga and Sara Suárez Fernández, University of Oviedo

Education is the factor that most influences cultural consumption. Directly, because the higher the level of education, the greater the interest in culture. And indirectly, because the higher the level of education, the greater the income, and therefore, the greater the cultural consumption. The relevance of the different barriers to cultural consumption depends on the activity under consideration.
Key points
  • 1
       Lack of interest in the main reason for not attending live shows and places of cultural interest, while lack of income is the main reason for not going to the cinema.
  • 2
       In the case of live shows and visits to places of cultural interest, major polarisation occurs between those who never attend and those who attend regularly.
  • 3
       Going to the cinema shows a different pattern, with less polarisation, which is probably due to a greater interest in cinema among the population.
  • 4
       In addition, it is in cinema where the age effect is greatest: if we compare people under 30 with people over 65, the latter have a probability ten times higher of never attending.
  • 5
       Given the high proportion of individuals who state they have not participated in cultural activities, it is important to classify them into two groups: those who never participate and those who do not participate but could have done so if a particular circumstance had been different.
  • 6
       These two groups are very different and so the effectiveness of cultural policies will be different for each of them.
Average annual attendance by income and education level
Average annual attendance by income and education level

The graph shows the relationship between the equivalised income of each household member and annual attendance at cultural activities, differentiating by education level.

Two things are confirmed: (1) that independently of income, education has a positive effect on attendance at cultural activities and (2) that the effect of income on cultural consumption is more significant for higher education levels (secondary education and above).

How could we intervene to eliminate barriers to cultural participation?
  • To reduce the importance of economic restrictions a fiscal policy could be designed that includes a reduction of the indirect tax on cultural assets. The drop in prices would lead to a direct increase in cultural demand.
  • However, a fiscal reform of this type would have regressive effects, by benefiting to a greater extent individuals with a higher income.
  • If the aim is to tackle the problem represented by lack of interest, an early cultural education is important to develop the population’s interest and artistic tastes.
  • In this case, the effects would only be noted in the long term but would be much more stable.

Classification

Autores

Juan Prieto Rodríguez, María José Pérez Villadóniga and Sara Suárez Fernández , University of Oviedo

Tags

Thematics

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Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

How many people participate in complementary training courses linked to culture? In 2015, 5.9% of the Spanish population underwent some training of this type.

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

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Infodata

Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

Culture

How many people participate in complementary training courses linked to culture? In 2015, 5.9% of the Spanish population underwent some training of this type.

Dossier

Cultural participation and wellbeing. What do the data tell us?

Cultural participation and wellbeing. What do the data tell us?

Culture

Culture plays an important role in constructing and consolidating the bases for social cohesion and inclusion and for individual and collective wellbeing. The fourth issue of the Dossier from the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" analyses the factors that determine the cultural participation of citizens and reflects on how to guarantee equal conditions for such participation.

Article

On music, happiness and health. What do we know?

On music, happiness and health. What do we know?

Culture

How does music influence our wellbeing? This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” describes how various researchers, healthcare practitioners and other professionals interpret the relationship that exists between music and happiness.


Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs


Braulio Gómez, Researcher in Political Science at the University of Deusto
Manuel Trujillo, Coordinator of the Statistics Unit at the Advanced Social Studies Institute (IESA-CSIC)

Classification

Authors


Braulio Gómez, Researcher in Political Science at the University of Deusto
Manuel Trujillo, Coordinator of the Statistics Unit at the Advanced Social Studies Institute (IESA-CSIC)

Tags

Thematics

Related contents

Interview

“To alleviate poverty, there are small investments that can have an enormous impact”

Can poverty be eradicated? Michael Kremer, Nobel Prize for Economics 2019, talks to us about new tools for the economy, which enable us to obtain a rigorous estimate of causes and impacts.

Chapter

Los complementos salariales y la garantía de ingresos: posibilidades y límites

¿Se puede garantizar una renta a toda la sociedad asignando algún tipo de complemento a los salarios? Repasamos las principales características de los complementos salariales a partir de distintas experiencias, especialmente anglosajonas.

Chapter

Problemas de incentivos: renta básica universal versus prestación de ingresos mínimos

Análisis comparado de la renta básica y la prestación de ingresos mínimos. Se analizan los efectos de ambas sobre la oferta de trabajo, los costes de financiación o los problemas de englobar estas medidas en el contexto internacional. 

Chapter

Introducción

Introducción a cargo del coordinador y director del informe, Jordi Sevilla. Economista y exministro
de Administraciones Públicas (2004-2007).

Report

Reforzar el bienestar social: del ingreso mínimo a la renta básica

Este informe recoge el análisis sobre la situación social en España y sobre la capacidad de las ayudas y subsidios existentes para garantizar unos ingresos mínimos a todos los ciudadanos, con el objetivo de reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad.

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The redistributive effects of special taxes

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Social Inclusion

The aim of excise duties is to reduce the negative impact on society of specific consumption, such as fuels, tobacco or alcohol. Like all taxes, they also share the function of collection. This report shows that they are regressive in their current design, given that
they account for a significantly igher percentage of income from poor rather than rich households. It also presents the design of possible reforms that would help to increase their redistributive impact.

Chapter

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

Social Inclusion

Does a wealth tax help to reduce inequality when it comes to distributing wealth? This report shows that Spain’s wealth tax displays major shortcomings that limit its collection and redistributive impact. This impact could be strengthened without losing its collection capacity through possible reforms and a simpler, more neutral structure.

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Social Inclusion

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.


Training for employed people: the need for expansion and improvement

Andreu Lope, Autonomous University of Barcelona

The scarcity of resources, excessive concentration of training schemes in certain sectors and lack of participation by social agents are hindering the efficiency of training for employed people, which seemingly does not prepare workers sufficiently for the changes ahead in the employment sphere.
Key points
  • 1
       The training of employees is essential if workers are to maintain their competitiveness and adapt to changes in the field of production.
  • 2
       Investment in training for employed workers has fallen to 50% of levels prior to the economic crisis.
  • 3
       Continual training for employed workers is concentrated among large-sized companies and benefits employees with higher prior qualifications.
Falling investment in training for employed people
Falling investment in training for employed people

Training employed people is a vital element for improving their employability and adapting their skills to changes at work and to the requirements of companies. In the long term, investing in the training of employees leads to an increase in companies’ productivity and competitiveness.

However, the reduction in budgets allocated to this type of training has limited its influence to a large extent. The budget for training for employed people grew progressively up to 1,545 million euros in 2010. After very severe cuts in 2012 (when it was cut back to 951 million euros), the slight increases of subsequent years have not enabled recovery of the amounts prior to 2012: in 2015 the budget reached 1,069 million euros.

As we can see in Figure, cutbacks have not occurred so much in the continual training offered by the companies or that of public employees, but have essentially been directed at the training offered by Spain’s government or its autonomous communities, so-called “supply-based training”.

What type of continual training is offered and who benefits from it?

The economic crisis has also affected the type of continual training that companies offer. Although the number of participants in training programmes has increased slightly, the courses offered are increasingly of a shorter duration. Continual training, furthermore, is taught fundamentally at large-sized companies (with coverage rates higher than 80% in the year 2016), while it is much less frequently found at small companies, whose coverage rate does not even reach 20%, a percentage that has fallen even further in recent years. In general, better-qualified employees with a higher prior education level receive more continual training.

Classification

Author

Andreu Lope , Autonomous University of Barcelona

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Thematics

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Martin Falk, Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

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Tally Katz-Gerro , Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Haifa
Martin Falk , Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

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Antonio Estache and Victor Ginsburgh , European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Université libre de Bruxelles.

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Cultural consumption: a question of taste or of price?

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Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?

Ester Martínez-Ros, University Carlos III de Madrid

Including objectives to reduce environmental impact in business strategies not only improves a company’s reputation, it also contributes to the creation of quality employment. This study analyses how companies that introduce “green” innovation into their corporate strategy generate more employment than non-innovative companies or those whose innovations are not environmentally-oriented. Moreover, it is observed that this positive effect on employment is even greater in industries considered more contaminant. These results are especially relevant in a context in which both the environment and the generation of employment are public priorities.
Key points
  • 1
       The study concludes that investment in green innovation represents an opportunity to tackle the problem of unemployment in Spain.
  • 2
       Even at times of crisis, companies that include concern for the environment as a strategy and that innovate in line with this principle show an average employment level that is not only higher but also grows.
  • 3
       At present, investments in eco-innovation are mainly assigned to complying with environmental standards, but not to the direct transformation of companies to use clean technologies through important changes in the production process (for example, favouring lower use of energies and materials).
  • 4
       Nonetheless, voluntary adherence to eco-innovative objectives is a predictor of increases in employee numbers.
Total employment according to type of company
Total employment according to type of company

The data show that companies that have been investing in eco-innovation have generated the most employment in recent years, even during the toughest years of the recession. Regression analysis using data from the Technological Innovation Panel survey concludes that the presence of eco-innovations is associated with increases in employment levels, and that this effect is multiplied in companies situated in sectors considered more contaminant. All these results do not appear in those companies that simply do not innovate.

On the other hand companies related with clean industries enjoy a better image due to their lesser environmental impact; therefore companies that belong to more contaminant industries feel a greater need to differentiate themselves. The introduction of green technologies by these companies means that they are perceived as more sustainable. For this reason, society responds in a more positive and receptive way when green innovations are introduced by companies from highly contaminant sectors, which in turn, produces an increase in their competitive advantage in the market.

 

 

Classification

Autor

Ester Martínez-Ros , University Carlos III de Madrid

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María Ramos , Post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid

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Joan Costa-Font, London School of Economics

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Author

Joan Costa-Font , London School of Economics

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John H. Knox, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the issue of the human rights and the environment,
Wake Forest University (United States)

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John H. Knox, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the issue of the human rights and the environment ,
Wake Forest University (United States)

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Introducción

Introducción a cargo del coordinador y director del informe, Jordi Sevilla. Economista y exministro
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The Social Elevator

To what degree does education improve social mobility?

Miguel Requena, Chair Professor of Sociology,
UNED

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Miguel Requena, Chair Professor of Sociology ,
UNED

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Early Childhood Education

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How can legislation be used to promote public health?

The cases of smoking and road accidents

Jaime Pinilla, senior lecturer of Applied Economics University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

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Author

Jaime Pinilla , senior lecturer of Applied Economics University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

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Is research responding to health needs?

Ismael Ràfols, Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València
Alfredo Yegros, University of Leiden (Netherlands)

When we compare the impact of each disease with the intensity of the research dedicated to it, we can observe substantial misalignments between effort and needs. Conditions such as depression or stroke, despite affecting millions of people worldwide, attract relatively little research. The same happens with health conditions prevalent in low- and medium-income countries such as malaria and tuberculosis: given their impact, they would deserve more investment in R&D.
Key points
  • 1
       Current research evaluation systems attach priority to scientific visibility (for example, publication in top specialised journals), which may be preventing the resulting knowledge from being as useful to society.
  • 2
       On a global level, cancer represents over 22% of global medical publications, even though its disease burden does not reach 10% of the total. Cardiovascular, infectious and parasitic diseases represent over 16% of disease burden, but less than 10% of publications.
  • 3
       In Spain, conditions such as stroke, depression, colon and lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are researched less than one would expect from their incidence levels.
  • 4
       To be more sensitive to social needs, research priorities must be based on evidence about health needs, information from other sectors affected by health R&D and on dialogue with patients.
Disease burden versus research effort, Spain
Disease burden versus research effort, Spain

This graph represents the impact of different diseases (as a percentage of the total burden of all diseases) against the proportion of scientific publications (as a percentage of the total of scientific publications on diseases). Those situated below the 45° line have a level of publications proportionately lower than their disease burden, therefore could be qualified as   “under-studied”. In those lying above the same line, there are relatively more publications than their disease burden. Conditions with a high disease burden on a worldwide level but little burden on a national level are usually researched more than the country needs, and constitute a contribution by local research to global health.

In health, everything counts

We can take the case of obesity as an example. Given that resources are limited, many of the sectors affected agree that more intense research is needed on social and psychological factors related with the food industry, consumer patterns and sedentary lifestyles, rather than prioritising biological knowledge or improving therapeutic focuses, such as surgery.

Global health, local research

All over the world, health equity is considered to be a shared value, and one that can be promoted by supporting research into global health. Furthermore, globalisation means that lifestyle habits and infectious diseases today have consequences for health across the planet. 

Classification

Authors

Ismael Ràfols , Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València
Alfredo Yegros , University of Leiden (Netherlands)

Tags

Thematics

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Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.

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Dossier

Research and innovation: what are our stakes?

Research and innovation: what are our stakes?

Science

Is it countries with resources that make the biggest investment in science? Or is it that countries that devote the most efforts to science are those that generate the greatest wealth? This is the opening question of the third "la Caixa" Social Observatory Dossier, which analyses the current social context of science and to what extent it represents a value-added contribution to our society. 

Article

Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?

Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?

Science

The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” wonders whether it is possible to combine concern for the environment with economic growth. This study, one of the first in its field, shows a positive link between eco-innovation and the creation of employment, even in periods of recession.

Article

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

Science

Historically, technology has transformed many professions. How will technological development affect future employment? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses the situation in Spain with regard to “risk of computerisation”.