Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram, University of Essex; Olga Cantó, University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

September 2017

Social Inclusion
Elisenda Rentería, Centre for Demographic Studies researcher; Rosario Scandurra, UB; Guadalupe Souto, UAB; Concepció Patxot, UB

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

Article

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Nerea Zugasti, Lecturer at the Department of Social Work of the Public University of Navarra

Between the years 2007 and 2013, the difficulties faced in employment, housing and health worsened considerably in Spain. This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” reflects on the problems that have intensified social exclusion which affects, above all, the younger population.

Reading skills among native and immigrant children: the compensating effect of preschool attendance

Article

Reading skills among native and immigrant children: the compensating effect of preschool attendance

Setembre 2016

Education Social Inclusion
Johanna Dämmrich, European University Institute

Pre-school education plays a fundamental role in improving reading comprehension capabilities in primary and secondary school, especially among immigrant students. This is shown by the results in the three countries analysed: Spain, Norway and Sweden. 

Educational expansion and the partial devaluation of credentials

Article

Educational expansion and the partial devaluation of credentials

October 2016

Education
Luis Ortiz, Professor of Political and Social Sciences
Jorge Rodríguez Menés, Professor of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Has mass access of Spaniards to intermediate and higher education been associated with a deterioration in the quality of educational qualifications, as some international bodies have warned?   

Parental leave as a tool for gender equality

Article

Parental leave as a tool for gender equality

February 2017

Social Inclusion
Gerardo Meil, chair professor of Sociology
Jesús Rogero-García, lecturer in Sociology
Pedro Romero-Balsas, lecturer in Sociology,
Autonomous University of Madrid

Today, thanks to policies aimed at reconciling working life and family life, increasing numbers of men are taking parental leave to be able to raise their newborn children. These new policies represent progress towards gender equality, but in Spain a significant difference still exists between men and women in the usage they make of parental leave entitlements.

Women hold up half the sky, they deserve half the research

Article

Women hold up half the sky, they deserve half the research

September 2016

Science
Dr. Katrien Maes, Chief Policy Officer,
League of European Research Universities (LERU)

Increasingly, certain areas of research – such as biomedicine – incorporate the sex and gender dimension into their projects. However, despite its relevance, this question continues to be a pending assignment in the majority of cases.

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

Article

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

May 2017

Social Inclusion
Juan J. Fernández, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Carlos III University, Madrid.

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.

Low education level, low labour force participation

Article

Low education level, low labour force participation

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, Professor of Applied Economics,
University of Oviedo

The economic crisis has affected the labour market for young people in Spain, especially for those with a low level of education. This situation needs to be reverted to avoid many under-30s ultimately suffering from exclusion.

Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

Article

Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Aïda Solé-Auró, Department of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

To what measure do differences in educational level and gender result in a greater or lesser degree of poverty? Despite the advances in healthcare, education and income that have taken place in Spain, inequalities persist based on people’s level of education.

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

Article

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

September 2016

Science
Sergio Tirado Herrero
RMIT University Europe / Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)
José Luis López Fernández
Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)
Luis Jiménez Meneses
Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)

Energy poverty is a growing phenomenon since the beginning of the crisis in 2008 and the highest incidence is found in certain socioeconomic groups. What are the consequences of this reality? What structural measures would be needed to tackle this problem?

Temporality, loss of work and educational performance

Article

Temporality, loss of work and educational performance

Semptembre 2016

Social Inclusion
Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela, researcher,
Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics

Parental job insecurity – due to unemployment or temporary employment – is directly related with a reduction in the academic performance of their children, and its effects are different depending on whether such insecurity is suffered by fathers or mothers.

Social Inequality, Economic Crisis and Health in Spain

Article

Social Inequality, Economic Crisis and Health in Spain

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Elisa Díaz Martínez, Ideas Laboratory Director,
Fundación Alternativas

Health inequalities exist between Spanish individuals that are related to their socioeconomic situation. An analysis of the effects on social groups would allow effective policies to be designed to combat this inequality. 

Social stratification and parental care: an analysis of the Spanish case

Article

Social stratification and parental care: an analysis of the Spanish case

September 2016

Social Inclusion Education
Pablo Gracia, Department of Sociology, University of Amsterdam

Good parenting is fundamental for children’s development. How does parental dedication differ between social groups? Knowing the answer is essential if we want an equal society.

The impact of culture and leisure on the happiness of Spanish people

Article

The impact of culture and leisure on the happiness of Spanish people

January 2018

Culture
Nela Filimon, Department of Economics, University of Girona

Happiness depends on many factors, prominently including participation in cultural and leisure activities. This article from the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" reflects on this theory in relation to the individual and social dimensions of culture.

Participatory governance of cultural heritage

Article

Participatory governance of cultural heritage

Septiembre 2016

Culture
Margherita Sani,
Istituto per i Beni Artistici, Culturali e Naturali, Emilia-Romagna Region (Italy)

Insofar as cultural heritage is a common good, its governance should be carried out in a way that is transparent and open to citizens; it is for this reason that the contributions of users are as important as the skills of the experts.

Skills Acquisition in Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Students

Article

Skills Acquisition in Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Students

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion
Jorge Calero, Chair Professor of Applied Economics
Josep Oriol Escardíbul, Professor of Applied Economics,
University of Barcelona

The admission of immigrant students in the classroom has represented a significant change for the Spanish education system. Are there differences in the results of immigrant and non-immigrant students? Why?

How to manage public R&D spending in times of budgetary austerity

Article

How to manage public R&D spending in times of budgetary austerity

September 2016

Science
Reinhilde Veugelers, Senior Fellow,
Bruegel Institute

Public investment in R & D is one of the pillars of knowledge-based economies. How can we ensure that this effort is applied intelligently? What do governments need to know to support the investments with  greater social return?

How does social vulnerability affect childhood health?

Article

How does social vulnerability affect childhood health?

April 2018

Social Inclusion
Isabel Iguacel Azorín and Luis Alberto Moreno Aznar, GENUD group of the University of Zaragoza

What factors affect children’s health? At the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" we analyse how different vulnerabilities affect the physical and mental health of little ones.

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

Article

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

May 2018

Social Inclusion
David Reher, chair professor of Sociology, Complutense University of Madrid; Miguel Requena, chair professor of Sociology, UNED; Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid

Why is the number of elderly women who live alone continually increasing? The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” studies the causes of this phenomenon, which has important implications in the design of welfare policies.