Articles by subject area

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina,Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

Article

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

June 2020

Social Inclusion
Anna García-Altés,Catalan Agency for Health Quality and Evaluation (AQuAS);Emili Vela, Montse Clèries and Cristina Adroher,CatSalut;Vincenzo Alberto Vella,CIBERESP;Adapted by Xavier Aguilar

Healthcare spending is unequal: it increases with age and is higher among men than women. Furthermore, 5% of the population is responsible for 50% of total expenditure. We analyse the factors that explain this, within a pre-covid-19 scenario.

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

January 2020

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen,Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Jorge Cimentada,Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research

We analyse the relative influence of family background and each person’s skills in terms of social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez,Universidad de Málaga

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Article

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Jordi Bosch,Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Carme Trilla,Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory;Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

Article

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Guzmán Antonio Muñoz Fernández,Universidad de Córdoba;Adaptation: Àlex Blancafort

Employment precarity is an obstacle to accessing home ownership for young people. Rental, which is more expensive, or family solidarity are the main alternatives for setting up a home.

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

August 2017

Social Inclusion
Joan Costa-Font,London School of Economics

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram,University of Essex;Olga Cantó,University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

September 2017

Social Inclusion
Elisenda Rentería,Centre for Demographic Studies researcher;Rosario Scandurra,UB;Guadalupe Souto,UAB;Concepció Patxot,UB

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

Article

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

May 2017

Social Inclusion
Juan J. Fernández, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences,Carlos III University, Madrid.

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.