Articles by subject area

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED;M. José González, UPF

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona;Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza;Adaptación: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

Employed but poor

Article

Employed but poor

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

Article

Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno Mínguez, UVa;Raquel Llorente Heras, UAM;Diego Dueñas Fernández, UAH;Adapted by: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

How do families solve the problem of balancing work and family life when school finished for the summer? Women bear the brunt in the labour sphere.

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

Article

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Clara Martínez-Toledano, Facundo Alvaredo and Miguel Artola, Paris School of Economics;Adaptation: Sergio Torrejón Pérez, social researcher

The increase in economic inequality in recent years in Spain translates into the richest 1% of the population obtaining a higher income than the poorest 50%. What lies behind this concentration of capital?

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, University of Lausanne, Switzerland;Giorgio Piccitto, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

Article

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Cesira Urzi Brancati, Songül Tolan, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Ignacio González Vázquez, Marta Fana and Sergio Torrejón Pérez, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre

The impact of the covid-19 crisis on the labour market is being more pronounced in the Mediterranean countries and is concentrated on workers with low salaries and in precarious jobs, as well as women and younger workers.

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

Article

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

June 2020

Social Inclusion
Anna García-Altés, Catalan Agency for Health Quality and Evaluation (AQuAS);Emili Vela, Montse Clèries and Cristina Adroher, CatSalut;Vincenzo Alberto Vella, CIBERESP;Adapted by Xavier Aguilar

Healthcare spending is unequal: it increases with age and is higher among men than women. Furthermore, 5% of the population is responsible for 50% of total expenditure. We analyse the factors that explain this, within a pre-covid-19 scenario.

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez, Universidad de Málaga

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

Article

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Sara Ayllón, Department of Economics, Universitat de Girona

Despite the economic recovery, in 2018 three out of every ten children were living in a situation of anchored poverty. Poverty during childhood has consequences throughout life. We analyse its impact.

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

Article

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

January 2020

Education
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona;Francesc Ortega, City University of New York

The “la Caixa” Banking Foundation grants programme, which funds postgraduate studies, has a major impact on the careers of its beneficiaries. Who applies for these grants and what factors determine to whom they are awarded?

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

January 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

Article

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Department of Sociology of Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies)

Caring for children and dependent elderly people, cooking, cleaning the house… what economic value can we attribute to unpaid domestic tasks? We calculate what this invisible work would represent for Spain’s GDP. 

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

Article

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier Yanguas, Amaya Cilvetti and Cristina Segura, “la Caixa” Programme for Elderly People

The most visible face of loneliness is the feeling of not having people to call on or trust in case of need. Who does it affect most? We analyse the influence of factors such as age and gender.  

How many people do we know?

Article

How many people do we know?

November 2019

Science
Miranda Jessica Lubbers, José Luis Molina and Hugo Valenzuela, (Investigation Group GRAFO, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona);Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

Article

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

October 2019

Social Inclusion
J. A. Fernández-Cornejo, Sabina Belope-Nguema, Lorenzo Escot and Eva del Pozo- García, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

According to this study, following new additions to the family only 4% of fathers requested reduced working hours, versus 37.7% of mothers. 

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

September 2019

Culture
Juan de Dios Montoro Pons, Universitat de València;Manuel Cuadrado García, Universitat de València

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?  

Does unemployment harm mental health?

Article

Does unemployment harm mental health?

September 2019

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona, IAE (CSIC), MOVE and IZA;Francesco Fasani, Queen Mary University of London, IZA and CEPR;Hannes Mueller, IAE (CSIC), Barcelona GSE and MOVE;Adaptation: Michele Catanzaro

Stress, depression, insomnia, tension, feeling of uselessness… This article analyses how the mental health of workers was affected by the economic crisis and long-term unemployment.  

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Does science advance one funeral at a time?

Article

Does science advance one funeral at a time?

July 2019

Science
Christian Fons-Rosen, Pompeu Fabra University

What happens when a scientist conducting high-level research dies prematurely? This article confirms a proliferation of articles by new researchers, with disruptive ideas, in the field of the deceased person.

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Article

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Jordi Bosch, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Carme Trilla, Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory;Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

Article

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Guzmán Antonio Muñoz Fernández, Universidad de Córdoba;Adaptation: Àlex Blancafort

Employment precarity is an obstacle to accessing home ownership for young people. Rental, which is more expensive, or family solidarity are the main alternatives for setting up a home.

How do young people access housing?

Article

How do young people access housing?

June 2019

Social Inclusion
Aitana Alguacil Denche, sociologist;Adapted by Núria Vallès-Peris

We evaluate the difficulties faced by young people in accessing an own home and what demographic effects this situation has.

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