Articles by subject area

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED;M. José González, UPF

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona;Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza;Adaptación: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

Employed but poor

Article

Employed but poor

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

Article

Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno Mínguez, UVa;Raquel Llorente Heras, UAM;Diego Dueñas Fernández, UAH;Adapted by: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

How do families solve the problem of balancing work and family life when school finished for the summer? Women bear the brunt in the labour sphere.

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

Article

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Clara Martínez-Toledano, Facundo Alvaredo and Miguel Artola, Paris School of Economics;Adaptation: Sergio Torrejón Pérez, social researcher

The increase in economic inequality in recent years in Spain translates into the richest 1% of the population obtaining a higher income than the poorest 50%. What lies behind this concentration of capital?

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, University of Lausanne, Switzerland;Giorgio Piccitto, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

Article

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Cesira Urzi Brancati, Songül Tolan, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Ignacio González Vázquez, Marta Fana and Sergio Torrejón Pérez, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre

The impact of the covid-19 crisis on the labour market is being more pronounced in the Mediterranean countries and is concentrated on workers with low salaries and in precarious jobs, as well as women and younger workers.

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

Article

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

June 2020

Social Inclusion
Anna García-Altés, Catalan Agency for Health Quality and Evaluation (AQuAS);Emili Vela, Montse Clèries and Cristina Adroher, CatSalut;Vincenzo Alberto Vella, CIBERESP;Adapted by Xavier Aguilar

Healthcare spending is unequal: it increases with age and is higher among men than women. Furthermore, 5% of the population is responsible for 50% of total expenditure. We analyse the factors that explain this, within a pre-covid-19 scenario.

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez, Universidad de Málaga

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

Article

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Sara Ayllón, Department of Economics, Universitat de Girona

Despite the economic recovery, in 2018 three out of every ten children were living in a situation of anchored poverty. Poverty during childhood has consequences throughout life. We analyse its impact.

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

Article

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

January 2020

Education
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona;Francesc Ortega, City University of New York

The “la Caixa” Banking Foundation grants programme, which funds postgraduate studies, has a major impact on the careers of its beneficiaries. Who applies for these grants and what factors determine to whom they are awarded?

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

January 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

Article

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Department of Sociology of Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies)

Caring for children and dependent elderly people, cooking, cleaning the house… what economic value can we attribute to unpaid domestic tasks? We calculate what this invisible work would represent for Spain’s GDP. 

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

Article

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier Yanguas, Amaya Cilvetti and Cristina Segura, “la Caixa” Programme for Elderly People

The most visible face of loneliness is the feeling of not having people to call on or trust in case of need. Who does it affect most? We analyse the influence of factors such as age and gender.  

How many people do we know?

Article

How many people do we know?

November 2019

Science
Miranda Jessica Lubbers, José Luis Molina and Hugo Valenzuela, (Investigation Group GRAFO, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona);Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

Article

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

October 2019

Social Inclusion
J. A. Fernández-Cornejo, Sabina Belope-Nguema, Lorenzo Escot and Eva del Pozo- García, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

According to this study, following new additions to the family only 4% of fathers requested reduced working hours, versus 37.7% of mothers. 

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

September 2019

Culture
Juan de Dios Montoro Pons, Universitat de València;Manuel Cuadrado García, Universitat de València

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?  

Does unemployment harm mental health?

Article

Does unemployment harm mental health?

September 2019

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona, IAE (CSIC), MOVE and IZA;Francesco Fasani, Queen Mary University of London, IZA and CEPR;Hannes Mueller, IAE (CSIC), Barcelona GSE and MOVE;Adaptation: Michele Catanzaro

Stress, depression, insomnia, tension, feeling of uselessness… This article analyses how the mental health of workers was affected by the economic crisis and long-term unemployment.  

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Does science advance one funeral at a time?

Article

Does science advance one funeral at a time?

July 2019

Science
Christian Fons-Rosen, Pompeu Fabra University

What happens when a scientist conducting high-level research dies prematurely? This article confirms a proliferation of articles by new researchers, with disruptive ideas, in the field of the deceased person.

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Article

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Jordi Bosch, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Carme Trilla, Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory;Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

Article

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Guzmán Antonio Muñoz Fernández, Universidad de Córdoba;Adaptation: Àlex Blancafort

Employment precarity is an obstacle to accessing home ownership for young people. Rental, which is more expensive, or family solidarity are the main alternatives for setting up a home.

How do young people access housing?

Article

How do young people access housing?

June 2019

Social Inclusion
Aitana Alguacil Denche, sociologist;Adapted by Núria Vallès-Peris

We evaluate the difficulties faced by young people in accessing an own home and what demographic effects this situation has.

Does more renting mean greater insecurity?

Article

Does more renting mean greater insecurity?

June 2019

Social Inclusion
Juan A. Módenes, Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;Adaptation: Núria Vallès Peris

Access to housing through renting is increasing in Spain although it is the least secure form of housing tenure on an economic, contractual and legal basis. We analyse which groups are the most affected.

Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:

Article

Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:

May 2019

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno, Valladolid University;Diego Dueñas, Valladolid and Alcalá Universities

Diet, leisure, housing conditions… do children who live in single-parent households suffer greater material deprivation? We analyse what influence income level and gender have.    

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

Article

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Albert Recio Andreu, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Does the phenomenon of the "working poor" spread? Among other effects of the economic crisis, temporary and part-time jobs have increased and wages have been reduced.

Parental involvement in education: a tool for change

Article

Parental involvement in education: a tool for change

April 2019

Education
Rubén Fernández Alonso, Universidad de Oviedo;Marcelino Cuesta, Universidad de Oviedo;Pamela Woitschach, Universidad de Oviedo;Marcos Álvarez-Díaz, Ministry of Education and Science of the Principality of Asturias

Can the positive effects of parental involvement in education be extended to  schools? We analyse the outcomes of schools according to the types of families of the pupils that attend them.  

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

Article

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Pedro Rey Biel, Ramón y Cajal Researcher at ESADE-Universitat Ramon Llull;Nagore Iriberri, Ikerbasque Research Professor at Universidad del País Vasco

Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.   

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;María Ramos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid;Mariña Fernández-Reino, migration Observatory (Oxford)

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

Do we take the medication that doctors prescribe for us?

Article

Do we take the medication that doctors prescribe for us?

March 2019

Science
Ignacio Aznar Lou, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu;María Rubio Valera, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu

Not following the treatments prescribed in primary healthcare has an economic impact, due to higher probabilities of absence from work and of the use of emergency healthcare services. We analyse this situation.

In their own home, with family, or in residential care:

Article

In their own home, with family, or in residential care:

March 2019

Social Inclusion
Celia Fernández Carro, Department of Sociology III, National University of Distance Education (UNED)

Where and by whom do we prefer to be cared for when facing dependency? We analyse the role of the family and of public and private services as care providers.  

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

Article

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

March 2019

Social Inclusion
M. José González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Clara Cortina, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Jorge Rodríguez, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.

What measures can help to balance work and family?

Article

What measures can help to balance work and family?

March 2019

Social Inclusion
Andrea Ollo López, Public University of Navarre;Salomé Goñi Legaz, Public University of Navarre

In which European countries is the work-family conflict greatest? What measures for reconciliation are most popular among men and women? We analyse company policies and satisfaction among families.

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

Article

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

February 2019

Josep Lladós, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)

Will new-generation technologies substitute the most routine jobs? Discover the impact of automation on the world of work. 

Women live more years, but not always with health and happiness

Article

Women live more years, but not always with health and happiness

February 2019

Social Inclusion Science
Aïda Solé-Auró, Pompeu Fabra University

Is living longer synonymous with good health? The following study compares, within the European context, life expectancy and happiness among men and women.

The risks to babies’ health posed by planned early delivery for non-medical reasons

Article

The risks to babies’ health posed by planned early delivery for non-medical reasons

January 2019

Science
Cristina Borra, Universidad de Sevilla;Libertad González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Almudena Sevilla, University College London

Planned early delivery for non-medical reasons may have negative consequences for babies’ health. The cancellation of Spain’s “baby cheque” made it possible to investigate the impact of this practice on infant health.     

Training for employed people: the need for expansion and improvement

Article

Training for employed people: the need for expansion and improvement

January 2019

Education
Andreu Lope, Autonomous University of Barcelona

Training workers is vital for improving their employability. However, since the economic crisis, investment in training has fallen by 50% in Spain and social agents barely participate in the definition of continuous training actions.  

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

Article

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Spanish families changed significantly in the last two decades. To what point do socioeconomic factors or family structure influence children’s progress at school?

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

Article

Socioeconomic Inequalities and Academic Achievement in Spain

December 2018

Education Social Inclusion
Álvaro Borja Choi de Mendizábal, Associate Professor in Economics, University of Barcelona

How does socioeconomic inequality affect the academic progress of students? Using recent data we analyse the case of Spain and how it compares with the rest of Europe.  

How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?

Article

How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Joan Garcia Román, Centre for Demographic Studies (UAB);"la Caixa” Social Observatory Award for the best article in the field of Social Inclusion

When the number of female breadwinner couples increases, the division of household chores should be more equitable. Is this really true or do women continue to shoulder a greater workload?

Cities, pollution and climate change: to what extent can green infrastructure help?

Article

Cities, pollution and climate change: to what extent can green infrastructure help?

October 2018

Science
Francesc Baró, postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA-UAB);"la Caixa” Social Observatory Award for the best article in the field of Science

Could we convert cities into healthy places to live? This article analyses to what point so-called “green infrastructures” can offset carbon emissions and decrease air pollution in the city.

Ageing in rural areas: an opportunity to change gender relations?

Article

Ageing in rural areas: an opportunity to change gender relations?

October 2018

Social Inclusion
Begoña Elizalde-San Miguel, Public University of Navarra

Ageing and the care of elderly people in rural areas pose a challenge and an opportunity for change: with an ever older and increasingly male population, men will have to become more involved in the caregiver role, traditionally associated with women.

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

Article

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

September 2018

Social Inclusion
Ramón Alós Moner, Centre for Sociological Studies on Everyday Life and Work (QUIT) and Institute of Work Studies (IET), of the Autonomous University of Barcelona

A predominance of low-added value employment, lack of investment in innovation and precarious conditions for workers are distancing Spain from the knowledge economy. How can this situation be corrected?

Public and private universities: evolution of productivity and impact of the crisis

Article

Public and private universities: evolution of productivity and impact of the crisis

August 2018

Education
Eva M. de la Torre García, Autonomous University of Madrid;"la Caixa” Social Observatory Award for the best article in the field of Education

How has the economic crisis affected the productivity of universities? This article explains how public centres have reorganised their resources better than private centres and have shown greater efficiency.

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

Article

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

July 2018

Social Inclusion
Olga Salido, senior lecturer in Sociology at the Complutense University of Madrid

Although the economic crisis has produced a generalised impoverishment of the different population segments in our country, the impact has been much greater among the poorer classes.

The new carers

Article

The new carers

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Antonio Abellán, Alba Ayala and Julio Pérez, CSIC. CCHS;Rogelio Pujol, INE;Gerdt Sundström, Jönköping University;Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid

Who cares for the carers? This article by the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” explains the changes that have taken place in the figure of the carer and also the importance of carers receiving care too.

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

Article

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

May 2018

Social Inclusion
David Reher, chair professor of Sociology, Complutense University of Madrid;Miguel Requena, chair professor of Sociology, UNED;Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid

Why is the number of elderly women who live alone continually increasing? The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” studies the causes of this phenomenon, which has important implications in the design of welfare policies.

Ageing in place: where is best? Village or city?

Article

Ageing in place: where is best? Village or city?

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Irene Lebrusán Murillo, asociated lecturer in Carlos III University of Madrid

The house we live in is closely related with our quality of life and health, especially during old age. In turn, the quality of our home will depend on the municipality in which it is located. At this intersection, we tackle the question of whether it is better to grow old in a village or a city.

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