Content with the tag: economic hardship

Methodological Appendix

Section

Methodological Appendix

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Want to know how we calculated these indicators? See our Methodological Appendix for details.

Public policies

Section

Public policies

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Analysis of indicators on expenditure on policies for fighting poverty, adaptation of benefits and the reduction in poverty due to monetary benefits. The information on the effects of these policies is limited, with little homogeneity between countries, but it contributes valuable conclusions.

The situation in Europe

Section

The situation in Europe

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Thanks to the results of the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions, which enable all countries in the EU to be compared, we know that Spain occupies, with respect to indicators on material living conditions, a significantly lower position to that which it occupies in the comparison by GDP.

The situation in Spain

Section

The situation in Spain

October 2018

Social Inclusion

An analysis of the economic situation of Spanish households through indicators on sources of income, financial balance and risk of poverty. From economic vulnerability to material deprivation, and including over-indebtedness, this snapshot explains the problems that exist. 

Executive summary and conclusions

Section

Executive summary and conclusions

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Material living conditions have worsened since the year 20014 and the short period of economic recovery has barely contributed to any improvement. The comparison situates Spain among the countries at the tail of the EU and public policies have not compensated for the effects of the crisis on households and people.

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

August 2017

Social Inclusion
Joan Costa-Font, London School of Economics

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram, University of Essex; Olga Cantó, University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

Article

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

May 2017

Social Inclusion
Juan J. Fernández, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Carlos III University, Madrid.

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

Article

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno, Professor of Sociology,
University of Valladolid

Numerous diagnoses exist relating to the increase in youth unemployment caused by the economic crisis. The article reflects on the effectiveness of policies generated according to these diagnoses and, especially, on the European Recommendation of the Youth Guarantee.

Low education level, low labour force participation

Article

Low education level, low labour force participation

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, Professor of Applied Economics,
University of Oviedo

The economic crisis has affected the labour market for young people in Spain, especially for those with a low level of education. This situation needs to be reverted to avoid many under-30s ultimately suffering from exclusion.

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

Article

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Nerea Zugasti, Lecturer at the Department of Social Work of the Public University of Navarra

Between the years 2007 and 2013, the difficulties faced in employment, housing and health worsened considerably in Spain. This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” reflects on the problems that have intensified social exclusion which affects, above all, the younger population.

Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

Article

Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Aïda Solé-Auró, Department of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

To what measure do differences in educational level and gender result in a greater or lesser degree of poverty? Despite the advances in healthcare, education and income that have taken place in Spain, inequalities persist based on people’s level of education.

Difficulties of families related with housing

Infodata

Difficulties of families related with housing

December 2018

Social Inclusion

54.5% of single-parent households have no capacity to tackle unforeseen expenses. What type of material shortages do other households have? 

Unemployment as a key factor in situations of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Unemployment as a key factor in situations of poverty and social exclusion

January 2018

Social Inclusion

Major differences exist in unemployment rates depending on age and nationality. Almost half of Spaniards aged below 25 years were unemployed in 2016.

Material Deprivation and Work Intensity

Infodata

Material Deprivation and Work Intensity

Setembre 2016

Social Inclusion

In today’s society, certain products or services are considered as necessary to lead an adequate life in line with the current social reality. The impossibility of accessing some of these products or services is used as an indicator of material deprivation. 

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

Barometer

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

September 2016

Social Inclusion

“Fair society, healthy lives”

Interview

“Fair society, healthy lives”

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Michael Marmot,
Director of the Institute of Health Equityof of the University College London (UCL)

Michael Marmot, director of the UCL Health Equities Institute, explains the mechanisms linking social inequality and poor health, as well as the policies that should be implemented to reduce both.

New ways of looking at poverty

Review

New ways of looking at poverty

Abril 2017

Social Inclusion
Roger Senserrich,
Director of Communications at Connecticut Voices for Children

What do people living in poverty experience and what policies could help them? These two books aim to answer these two questions from opposing perspectives. Economics of Poverty adopts a theoretical and global focus, while Scarcity approaches the subject empirically and looks at specific cases.

Inequality in a converging world

Review

Inequality in a converging world

Luis Guirola, PhD student in Political Science at Duke University

Inequality as a phenomenon can be studied from a local, global or international perspective. Branko Milanovic integrates these three points of view in order to reflect on the effect of globalisation within this inequality.

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

Review

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

November 2017

Culture
Ruth Towse, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom

The two books reviewed share concerns regarding the decline of the USA and show the problems facing the country. From different perspectives, both reach the same diagnosis regarding American society and the danger that threatens democracy.

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

January 2018

Social Inclusion

In 2017, one out of every four people was at risk of poverty and social exclusion in Spain, three points higher than the European average(EU-28: 23.5%)

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

Interview

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

June 2017

Social Inclusion
Dr Nick, Axford Senior Researcher and Head of What Works, Dartington Social Research Unit

The reduction in aid programmes for vulnerable groups has caused an increase in situations of social exclusion in Europe. In this interview, Nick Axford explains to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” how social protection policies are designed and the factors that intervene in the process.

The economic position of elderly people

Infodata

The economic position of elderly people

May 2018

Social Inclusion

Are there differences between the percentage of men and women aged over 60 years that are at risk of poverty? In Spain gender differences in the poverty risk rate among people aged over 60 years have practically disappeared.

Contribution of elderly people to the care of family members

Infodata

Contribution of elderly people to the care of family members

May 2018

Social Inclusion

How do elderly people contribute to intergenerational care? In 2016, some 35% of elderly people in our country regularly took charge of caring for their grandchildren.

Young people and social inclusion

Infodata

Young people and social inclusion

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the impact of poverty and social exclusion on young people? This infographic shows social exclusion rates by age group and the different problem issues linked to youth unemployment.

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

Review

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

September 2016

Social Inclusion Education
Dr. Michael Pratt, Psychology Department, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario

These two works analyse, from the angles of psychology and sociology respectively, the increase in social opportunities for underprivileged children. The first proposes acting on the environment and the second, on individual capabilities. 

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

Infodata

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

January 2018

What is the rate for early leaving of education and training by sex? The Europe 2020 Strategy has a target of 15%.

Economic and material wellbeing

Report

Economic and material wellbeing

October 2018

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and EQUALITAS; Olga Cantó Sánchez, Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá and EQUALITAS; Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED and EQUALITAS

Any household must face up to three challenges: having a sufficient income, maintaining a financial balance and avoiding situations of poverty. This report analyses the social needs linked to material living conditions.

Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion

December 2018

Social Inclusion

Is there a greater risk of poverty and social exclusion among single-parent households? 48% of such homes suffered  economic difficulties in Spain in 2017.

“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

Interview

“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Aart Liefbroer, sociologist and researcher at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute

Do we reproduce the behaviour of our parents? Aart Liefbroer talks to us about the intergenerational transmission of demographic behaviour.

Can families afford access to childcare services?

Infodata

Can families afford access to childcare services?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

32.5% of Spanish single-parent families say that they have significant difficulties in paying for childcare services. Do households with two adults have easier access to these services?

Inequality: The Costs to Families

Review

Inequality: The Costs to Families

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Frances Goldscheider, University Professor of Sociology, emerita, Brown University

How do economic problems affect family stability? The books reviewed tackle changes in gender roles at work and the instability generated by socioeconomic inequality.

What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?

Infodata

What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

Economic reasons, availability of places, distance, timetable flexibility, etc. What factors determine access to nurseries?

Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.

Infodata

Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.

December 2018

Social Inclusion

The highest percentage of households with very low employment intensity stands at 24.6% and corresponds to single-parent households. What happens with other households?

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; María Ramos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Mariña Fernández-Reino, migration Observatory (Oxford);

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

Article

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Albert Recio Andreu, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Does the phenomenon of the "working poor" spread? Among other effects of the economic crisis, temporary and part-time jobs have increased and wages have been reduced.

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

Infodata

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

80.1% of households with two adults and no children live in an owned home. In the case of single-parent households, this percentage falls to 65%.

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.