Content with the tag: economy

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; María Ramos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Mariña Fernández-Reino, migration Observatory (Oxford);

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram, University of Essex; Olga Cantó, University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

September 2017

Social Inclusion
Elisenda Rentería, Centre for Demographic Studies researcher; Rosario Scandurra, UB; Guadalupe Souto, UAB; Concepció Patxot, UB

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

August 2017

Social Inclusion
Joan Costa-Font, London School of Economics

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

Article

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

May 2017

Social Inclusion
Juan J. Fernández, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Carlos III University, Madrid.

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

Article

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno, Professor of Sociology,
University of Valladolid

Numerous diagnoses exist relating to the increase in youth unemployment caused by the economic crisis. The article reflects on the effectiveness of policies generated according to these diagnoses and, especially, on the European Recommendation of the Youth Guarantee.

Low education level, low labour force participation

Article

Low education level, low labour force participation

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, Professor of Applied Economics,
University of Oviedo

The economic crisis has affected the labour market for young people in Spain, especially for those with a low level of education. This situation needs to be reverted to avoid many under-30s ultimately suffering from exclusion.

Is research responding to health needs?

Article

Is research responding to health needs?

March 2018

Science
Ismael Ràfols, Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València; Alfredo Yegros, University of Leiden (Netherlands)

How can we ensure that biomedical research is aligned with social needs? This article from the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses how resources could be assigned efficiently.

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

Article

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

November 2017

Science
Aina Gallego, Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals

Historically, technology has transformed many professions. How will technological development affect future employment? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses the situation in Spain with regard to “risk of computerisation”.

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

Article

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

September 2016

Science
Sergio Tirado Herrero
RMIT University Europe / Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)
José Luis López Fernández
Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)
Luis Jiménez Meneses
Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)

Energy poverty is a growing phenomenon since the beginning of the crisis in 2008 and the highest incidence is found in certain socioeconomic groups. What are the consequences of this reality? What structural measures would be needed to tackle this problem?

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

Article

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

September 2017

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez and Laura Cruz Castro, Institute of Public Goods and Policies (IPP) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Science is a very relevant activity in economic terms, which also has a very favourable social perception. However, Spain invests less in R&D than the rest of the European countries, confirming a gap between citizens' attitudes and the will of politicians and businesses.

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

Article

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

September 2017

Science
Paloma Miravitlles, Fariza Achcaoucaou, Ana Núñez-Carballosa and Laura Guitart-Tarrés, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Barcelona

On the global economic map drawn up by the financial crisis of 2008, the emerging countries are displacing the developed countries in the attracting of foreign investment in R&D. What factors influence this phenomenon and how does it affect countries such as Spain?

Cultural consumption: a question of taste or of price?

Article

Cultural consumption: a question of taste or of price?

January 2018

Culture
Juan Prieto Rodríguez, María José Pérez Villadóniga and Sara Suárez Fernández, University of Oviedo

This article from the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" analyses the role played by education and income in people’s participation in cultural activities of different types.

Cultural Participation in Spain: Antecedents and Opportunities

Article

Cultural Participation in Spain: Antecedents and Opportunities

May 2017

Culture
Tally Katz-Gerro, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Haifa; Martin Falk, Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

The level of cultural participation in our country is similar to that of other European countries, with the exception of the Nordic countries. From a comparative perspective, this article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” analyses the effects of education level, age, income and some variables of the employment situation on attendance rates.

Young people and wellbeing

Infodata

Young people and wellbeing

April 2017

Social Inclusion

The level of satisfaction with life varies according to age groups. The younger population tends to show higher levels of satisfaction.

Inequality in income distribution

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

January 2018

Social Inclusion

What has been the effect of social transfers in terms of redistributing wealth and combating inequalities in Spain and in the EU?

Level of economic development

Infodata

Level of economic development

January 2018

Social Inclusion

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. Since the year 2010, GDP per capita in Purchasing Power Standards in Spain has stood at below the European average.

Education and Salaries

Infodata

Education and Salaries

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

The higher the level of education, the bigger the salary? Effectively, in 2015, the earnings of people with higher education qualifications were, on average, nearly 38% higher than those of people who had only completed intermediate education.

How much do countries invest in R&D?

Infodata

How much do countries invest in R&D?

September 2017

Science

How much do countries invest in R&D? In more dynamic economies, the business sector is the major funder, whereas in Southern Europe, the governments lead investment.

Intensive use of human capital

Infodata

Intensive use of human capital

September 2017

Science

What is the percentage of people employed in knowledge-intensive activities? In Spain, approximately a third of the population, slightly below the European average.

How equitable is science?

Infodata

How equitable is science?

September 2017

Science

This indicator offers a view of the distribution of university research work between men and women. Women represent just 21% of chair professors.

Employment in the cultural sector

Infodata

Employment in the cultural sector

January 2018

Culture

How many people work in the cultural sector? In 2015, the cultural sector employed 2.5% of the population of Spain. This figure is lower than the European average.

“Fair society, healthy lives”

Interview

“Fair society, healthy lives”

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Michael Marmot,
Director of the Institute of Health Equityof of the University College London (UCL)

Michael Marmot, director of the UCL Health Equities Institute, explains the mechanisms linking social inequality and poor health, as well as the policies that should be implemented to reduce both.

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

Interview

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

June 2017

Culture
John W. O’Hagan, Trinity College, Dublín

In this interview, John O’Hagan explains the numerous benefits that the arts bring to society, from their contribution to the formation of a collective identity to their positive impact on the economy.

Chemical pollution does not just have an impact on human health; it also has an impact on our economy

Interview

Chemical pollution does not just have an impact on human health; it also has an impact on our economy

April 2017

Science
Leonardo Trasande, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Environmental Medicine and Population Health School of Medicine,
New York University

What diseases are caused by the pollutants that we release into the environment? Why do they affect children most? What repercussion do these illnesses have on health and the economy? We interview Leonardo Trasande, professor at New York University and an expert on the subject.

Arriving in Rural Village Communities, Staying There or Leaving

Review

Arriving in Rural Village Communities, Staying There or Leaving

December 2016

Social Inclusion
Montserrat Soronellas Masdeu, Rovira i Virgili University

How should migration within the European context be studied? These two books, from the standpoints of gender and rurality, tackle a phenomenon previously studied above all in urban contexts with male protagonists. With these new perspectives, the scientific view offers extra depth to an issue of recent social importance.

Changing the Conversation about Inequality

Review

Changing the Conversation about Inequality

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Pablo Beramendi, Duke University

Tackling growing inequality in income distribution and wealth is a social challenge that demands an innovative approach. Academic Anthony B. Atkinson proposes 15 actions that combine old policies with new instruments.

The State and the Innovation Effort

Review

The State and the Innovation Effort

September 2017

Science
Melanie Smallman, University College, London

From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008. This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that analyse this issue from very different perspectives. 

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

Review

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

November 2017

Culture
Ruth Towse, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom

The two books reviewed share concerns regarding the decline of the USA and show the problems facing the country. From different perspectives, both reach the same diagnosis regarding American society and the danger that threatens democracy.

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

Interview

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

June 2017

Science
Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA (Autonomous University of Barcelona - UAB)

"What purpose does science serve in current times? Is it for the common good or for the benefit of just a few? Science needs to learn humility and be prepared to admit it when a solution cannot be given.” Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA Barcelona, talks about the current crisis affecting science and its possible solutions.

“No matter what the economy does, art and culture will continue to function”

Interview

“No matter what the economy does, art and culture will continue to function”

September 2016

Culture
David Throsby, Specialist in the Economics of Art and Culture, Distinguished Professor of the Department of Economics,
Macquarie University (Australia)

In this interview David Throsby, a specialist in the economics of art and culture, offers a global view of what the concepts of culture and art mean, including their value as well as the relationship that these disciplines have with the economy. 

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

Infodata

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

September 2017

Science

What are the possibilities for innovative ideas reaching the market in each country? In 2014, Sweden was the European Union country with the highest transfer of innovation to the market, whereas Portugal occupied the opposite position.

“One of the functions of art is to open up debates in society”

Interview

“One of the functions of art is to open up debates in society”

January 2018

Culture
Jen Snowball, Professor, Department of Economics and Economic History, Rhodes University

In this interview with the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" Jen Snowball shares her reflections on the value created by the art and culture sector and the concept of “culturally sustainable development”.

Occupation and Salary Gap

Infodata

Occupation and Salary Gap

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

On average, men earn more than women for the same jobs. However, although the crisis reduced average salaries for everyone, the related growth in unemployment affected men more than women.

«Creative work favours innovation and, therefore, growth»

Interview

«Creative work favours innovation and, therefore, growth»

November 2017

Culture
Hasan Bakhshi, Director de Industrias Creativas, NESTA

In this interview granted to the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, Hasan Bakhshi shares his reflections on the creative economy and on the value of culture as an element that generates wellbeing, wealth and social cohesion.

Economic dependency of the elderly population with respect to the younger generations

Infodata

Economic dependency of the elderly population with respect to the younger generations

May 2018

Social Inclusion

By 2030, for every 100 people of working age there will be 40 who are economically dependent or at an inactive age. Will this proportion increase with time?

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

Article

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

August 2017

Science
Fernando Prieto, Sustainability Observatory

Forest fires are a recurring problem that destroy tens of thousands of hectares of woodland every year. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse sustainable solutions for the long term within a "green employment strategy". 

Unemployment by sex and age - annual average

Barometer

Unemployment by sex and age - annual average

September 2016

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

Article

Employment in Spain: still a long way off from the knowledge society

September 2018

Social Inclusion
Ramón Alós Moner, Centre for Sociological Studies on Everyday Life and Work (QUIT) and Institute of Work Studies (IET), of the Autonomous University of Barcelona

A predominance of low-added value employment, lack of investment in innovation and precarious conditions for workers are distancing Spain from the knowledge economy. How can this situation be corrected?

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

Infodata

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

September 2017

Science

This index allows comparison of the level of innovation in different regions. Measuring variables such as infrastructures, business activity or tangible results, it shows that in Spain there is still much work to be done.

Economic activity generated in the cultural sector

Infodata

Economic activity generated in the cultural sector

January 2018

Culture

What is the impact of cultural activity on the economy? In 2014, services companies in Spain working in the cultural activity sector represented 3.73% of the total economy.

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

February 2019

Culture
David Throsby, Professor of Economics, Macquarie University, Australia

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.