Content with the tag: inequality

Methodological Appendix

Section

Methodological Appendix

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Want to know how we calculated these indicators? See our Methodological Appendix for details.

Public policies

Section

Public policies

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Analysis of indicators on expenditure on policies for fighting poverty, adaptation of benefits and the reduction in poverty due to monetary benefits. The information on the effects of these policies is limited, with little homogeneity between countries, but it contributes valuable conclusions.

The situation in Europe

Section

The situation in Europe

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Thanks to the results of the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions, which enable all countries in the EU to be compared, we know that Spain occupies, with respect to indicators on material living conditions, a significantly lower position to that which it occupies in the comparison by GDP.

The situation in Spain

Section

The situation in Spain

October 2018

Social Inclusion

An analysis of the economic situation of Spanish households through indicators on sources of income, financial balance and risk of poverty. From economic vulnerability to material deprivation, and including over-indebtedness, this snapshot explains the problems that exist. 

Executive summary and conclusions

Section

Executive summary and conclusions

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Material living conditions have worsened since the year 20014 and the short period of economic recovery has barely contributed to any improvement. The comparison situates Spain among the countries at the tail of the EU and public policies have not compensated for the effects of the crisis on households and people.

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

Article

The labour market’s role in increasing inequalities during the economic crisis

April 2019

Social Inclusion
Albert Recio Andreu, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Does the phenomenon of the "working poor" spread? Among other effects of the economic crisis, temporary and part-time jobs have increased and wages have been reduced.

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram, University of Essex; Olga Cantó, University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

September 2017

Social Inclusion
Elisenda Rentería, Centre for Demographic Studies researcher; Rosario Scandurra, UB; Guadalupe Souto, UAB; Concepció Patxot, UB

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

Article

Comparative Evolution of Child, Youth and Elderly Poverty in Europe

May 2017

Social Inclusion
Juan J. Fernández, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Carlos III University, Madrid.

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.

Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs

Article

Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs

December 2016

Social Inclusion

Braulio Gómez, Researcher in Political Science at the University of Deusto
Manuel Trujillo, Coordinator of the Statistics Unit at the Advanced Social Studies Institute (IESA-CSIC)

Increasingly, the inhabitants of the suburbs have been choosing not to go and vote. What are the reasons that explain such extreme abstention by this collective in electoral processes? Has the new politics managed to draw greater participation from the more disadvantaged areas?

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

Article

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

September 2016

Science
Sergio Tirado Herrero
RMIT University Europe / Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)
José Luis López Fernández
Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)
Luis Jiménez Meneses
Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)

Energy poverty is a growing phenomenon since the beginning of the crisis in 2008 and the highest incidence is found in certain socioeconomic groups. What are the consequences of this reality? What structural measures would be needed to tackle this problem?

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

Infodata

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

80.1% of households with two adults and no children live in an owned home. In the case of single-parent households, this percentage falls to 65%.

Inequality in income distribution

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

January 2018

Social Inclusion

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Labour market exclusion

Infodata

Labour market exclusion

May 2018

Social Inclusion

The difference in unemployment rates between men and women in our country is larger than the European average. How has it evolved during the recent years of economic crisis?

Gini coefficient

Barometer

Gini coefficient

September 2016

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

Barometer

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

September 2016

Social Inclusion

“Fair society, healthy lives”

Interview

“Fair society, healthy lives”

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Michael Marmot,
Director of the Institute of Health Equityof of the University College London (UCL)

Michael Marmot, director of the UCL Health Equities Institute, explains the mechanisms linking social inequality and poor health, as well as the policies that should be implemented to reduce both.

“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

Interview

“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

September 2016

Education
Jane Waldfogel, Chair Professor of Social Work and Public Affairs,
Columbia University School

Jane Waldfogel is Chair Professor in Social Work at the University of Columbia. In this interview, the main author of the book Too Many Children Left Behind proposes solutions for tackling differences in performance between students.

New ways of looking at poverty

Review

New ways of looking at poverty

Abril 2017

Social Inclusion
Roger Senserrich,
Director of Communications at Connecticut Voices for Children

What do people living in poverty experience and what policies could help them? These two books aim to answer these two questions from opposing perspectives. Economics of Poverty adopts a theoretical and global focus, while Scarcity approaches the subject empirically and looks at specific cases.

Inequality in a converging world

Review

Inequality in a converging world

Luis Guirola, PhD student in Political Science at Duke University

Inequality as a phenomenon can be studied from a local, global or international perspective. Branko Milanovic integrates these three points of view in order to reflect on the effect of globalisation within this inequality.

Arriving in Rural Village Communities, Staying There or Leaving

Review

Arriving in Rural Village Communities, Staying There or Leaving

December 2016

Social Inclusion
Montserrat Soronellas Masdeu, Rovira i Virgili University

How should migration within the European context be studied? These two books, from the standpoints of gender and rurality, tackle a phenomenon previously studied above all in urban contexts with male protagonists. With these new perspectives, the scientific view offers extra depth to an issue of recent social importance.

Changing the Conversation about Inequality

Review

Changing the Conversation about Inequality

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Pablo Beramendi, Duke University

Tackling growing inequality in income distribution and wealth is a social challenge that demands an innovative approach. Academic Anthony B. Atkinson proposes 15 actions that combine old policies with new instruments.

Towards More Inclusive Education: From Multiple Intelligences to a Passion for Learning

Review

Towards More Inclusive Education: From Multiple Intelligences to a Passion for Learning

September 2016

Education
Marta Seiz, Spanish National Research Council

Can education reduce social inequality? These two books, which talk to us about the theory of multiple intelligences and the importance of passion and perseverance, propose educational options for working in this direction.

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

Review

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

November 2017

Culture
Ruth Towse, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom

The two books reviewed share concerns regarding the decline of the USA and show the problems facing the country. From different perspectives, both reach the same diagnosis regarding American society and the danger that threatens democracy.

Class is under your skin

Review

Class is under your skin

September 2016

Culture
Koen van Eijck, Erasmus University Rotterdam

High, middle or working class? Today’s society is demanding new categories. Based on the results of a survey carried out in the United Kingdom, Mike Savage goes beyond labels to explore how the concept of social class is evolving.

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

Interview

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

June 2017

Social Inclusion
Dr Nick, Axford Senior Researcher and Head of What Works, Dartington Social Research Unit

The reduction in aid programmes for vulnerable groups has caused an increase in situations of social exclusion in Europe. In this interview, Nick Axford explains to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” how social protection policies are designed and the factors that intervene in the process.

Occupation and Salary Gap

Infodata

Occupation and Salary Gap

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

On average, men earn more than women for the same jobs. However, although the crisis reduced average salaries for everyone, the related growth in unemployment affected men more than women.

The economic position of elderly people

Infodata

The economic position of elderly people

May 2018

Social Inclusion

Are there differences between the percentage of men and women aged over 60 years that are at risk of poverty? In Spain gender differences in the poverty risk rate among people aged over 60 years have practically disappeared.

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

Article

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

July 2018

Social Inclusion
Olga Salido, senior lecturer in Sociology at the Complutense University of Madrid

Although the economic crisis has produced a generalised impoverishment of the different population segments in our country, the impact has been much greater among the poorer classes.

Young people and social inclusion

Infodata

Young people and social inclusion

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the impact of poverty and social exclusion on young people? This infographic shows social exclusion rates by age group and the different problem issues linked to youth unemployment.

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

Review

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

September 2016

Social Inclusion Education
Dr. Michael Pratt, Psychology Department, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario

These two works analyse, from the angles of psychology and sociology respectively, the increase in social opportunities for underprivileged children. The first proposes acting on the environment and the second, on individual capabilities. 

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

Infodata

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

January 2018

What is the rate for early leaving of education and training by sex? The Europe 2020 Strategy has a target of 15%.

Economic and material wellbeing

Report

Economic and material wellbeing

October 2018

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and EQUALITAS; Olga Cantó Sánchez, Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá and EQUALITAS; Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED and EQUALITAS

Any household must face up to three challenges: having a sufficient income, maintaining a financial balance and avoiding situations of poverty. This report analyses the social needs linked to material living conditions.

“There is no real evidence to say this will be the first generation not to reach the standard of living of its parents”

Interview

“There is no real evidence to say this will be the first generation not to reach the standard of living of its parents”

November 2018

Social Inclusion Education
Robert Erikson, researcher at the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) and professor at Stockholm University

Does education really remove social barriers? Robert Erikson analyses the degree of social mobility in advanced democracies.

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

Article

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Spanish families changed significantly in the last two decades. To what point do socioeconomic factors or family structure influence children’s progress at school?

“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

Interview

“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Aart Liefbroer, sociologist and researcher at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute

Do we reproduce the behaviour of our parents? Aart Liefbroer talks to us about the intergenerational transmission of demographic behaviour.

Inequality: The Costs to Families

Review

Inequality: The Costs to Families

December 2018

Social Inclusion
Frances Goldscheider, University Professor of Sociology, emerita, Brown University

How do economic problems affect family stability? The books reviewed tackle changes in gender roles at work and the instability generated by socioeconomic inequality.