Content with the tag: poverty

Los complementos salariales y la garantía de ingresos: posibilidades y límites

Chapter

Los complementos salariales y la garantía de ingresos: posibilidades y límites

Septiembre 2019

Luis Ayala Cañón,Universidad Rey Juan Carlos;Milagros Paniagua San Martín,AIReF. Nota: este trabajo es responsabilidad exclusiva de la autora y no refleja necesariamente la opinión de la AIReF (Autoridad Independiente de Responsabilidad Fiscal).

¿Se puede garantizar una renta a toda la sociedad asignando algún tipo de complemento a los salarios? Repasamos las principales características de los complementos salariales a partir de distintas experiencias, especialmente anglosajonas.

Problemas de incentivos: renta básica universal versus prestación de ingresos mínimos

Chapter

Problemas de incentivos: renta básica universal versus prestación de ingresos mínimos

Septiembre 2019

J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz,Fundación de Estudios de Economía Aplicada (FEDEA) y Universidad Complutense

Análisis comparado de la renta básica y la prestación de ingresos mínimos. Se analizan los efectos de ambas sobre la oferta de trabajo, los costes de financiación o los problemas de englobar estas medidas en el contexto internacional. 

Introducción

Chapter

Introducción

Septiembre 2019

Introducción a cargo del coordinador y director del informe, Jordi Sevilla. Economista y exministro
de Administraciones Públicas (2004-2007).

Reforzar el bienestar social: del ingreso mínimo a la renta básica

Report

Reforzar el bienestar social: del ingreso mínimo a la renta básica

Septiembre 2019

Social Inclusion
Jordi Sevilla,Coordinación y dirección

Este informe recoge el análisis sobre la situación social en España y sobre la capacidad de las ayudas y subsidios existentes para garantizar unos ingresos mínimos a todos los ciudadanos, con el objetivo de reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad.

Methodological Appendix

Section

Methodological Appendix

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Want to know how we calculated these indicators? See our Methodological Appendix for details.

Public policies

Section

Public policies

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Analysis of indicators on expenditure on policies for fighting poverty, adaptation of benefits and the reduction in poverty due to monetary benefits. The information on the effects of these policies is limited, with little homogeneity between countries, but it contributes valuable conclusions.

The situation in Europe

Section

The situation in Europe

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Thanks to the results of the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions, which enable all countries in the EU to be compared, we know that Spain occupies, with respect to indicators on material living conditions, a significantly lower position to that which it occupies in the comparison by GDP.

The situation in Spain

Section

The situation in Spain

October 2018

Social Inclusion

An analysis of the economic situation of Spanish households through indicators on sources of income, financial balance and risk of poverty. From economic vulnerability to material deprivation, and including over-indebtedness, this snapshot explains the problems that exist. 

Executive summary and conclusions

Section

Executive summary and conclusions

October 2018

Social Inclusion

Material living conditions have worsened since the year 20014 and the short period of economic recovery has barely contributed to any improvement. The comparison situates Spain among the countries at the tail of the EU and public policies have not compensated for the effects of the crisis on households and people.

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

Article

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Sara Ayllón,Department of Economics, Universitat de Girona

Despite the economic recovery, in 2018 three out of every ten children were living in a situation of anchored poverty. Poverty during childhood has consequences throughout life. We analyse its impact.

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez,Universidad de Málaga

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram,University of Essex;Olga Cantó,University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

Article

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Nerea Zugasti,Lecturer at the Department of Social Work of the Public University of Navarra

Between the years 2007 and 2013, the difficulties faced in employment, housing and health worsened considerably in Spain. This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” reflects on the problems that have intensified social exclusion which affects, above all, the younger population.

Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

Article

Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Aïda Solé-Auró, Department of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

To what measure do differences in educational level and gender result in a greater or lesser degree of poverty? Despite the advances in healthcare, education and income that have taken place in Spain, inequalities persist based on people’s level of education.

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

Article

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

September 2016

Science
Sergio Tirado Herrero
RMIT University Europe / Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)
José Luis López Fernández
Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)
Luis Jiménez Meneses
Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)

Energy poverty is a growing phenomenon since the beginning of the crisis in 2008 and the highest incidence is found in certain socioeconomic groups. What are the consequences of this reality? What structural measures would be needed to tackle this problem?

Climate Change and Human Rights

Article

Climate Change and Human Rights

September 2016

Science
John H. Knox, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the issue of the human rights and the environment,
Wake Forest University (United States)

John Knox, United Nations Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, explains how climate change is endangering the right to life, health, water, food, housing, development and self-determination. 

Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

February 2020

Social Inclusion

Some 79.3% of households with children and with very low work intensity were at risk of poverty in 2017. Does this figure exceed the European average?

Impact of the origin of parents on the poverty of their children

Infodata

Impact of the origin of parents on the poverty of their children

February 2020

Social Inclusion

Is the origin of parents a determinant in suffering a greater risk of poverty? We analyse whether the children of immigrants are more vulnerable.

Impact of education level of parents on the poverty of their children

Infodata

Impact of education level of parents on the poverty of their children

February 2020

Social Inclusion

The risk of poverty and social exclusion increases as education level decreases. How far does the difference reach?

Children and adolescents most affected by poverty

Infodata

Children and adolescents most affected by poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion

Children and adolescents are the people most affected by the economic shortages of families. Which age group faces the highest risk of poverty and social exclusion?

Impact of public policies

Infodata

Impact of public policies

February 2020

Social Inclusion

How much public spending does Spain invest in policies to reduce social exclusion? Do social transfers have a real impact?

Risk of poverty and situation in the labour market

Infodata

Risk of poverty and situation in the labour market

February 2020

Social Inclusion

Some 13.1% of occupied people in Spain have an income below the poverty threshold. Which population group is most affected?

Households with very low work intensity

Infodata

Households with very low work intensity

February 2020

Social Inclusion

How many Spanish citizens live in households with very low work intensity? Discover whether the European average is lower or higher.

People suffering severe material deprivation

Infodata

People suffering severe material deprivation

February 2020

Social Inclusion

In the last ten years, the percentage of people in a situation of severe material deprivation in Spain has remained below the European average. Which country has the highest material deprivation rate?

Population below the poverty threshold

Infodata

Population below the poverty threshold

February 2020

Social Inclusion

In 2017, a quarter of the Spanish population was at risk of poverty. How much of a difference is there with the European average?

Difficulties of families related with housing

Infodata

Difficulties of families related with housing

December 2018

Social Inclusion

54.5% of single-parent households have no capacity to tackle unforeseen expenses. What type of material shortages do other households have? 

Unemployment as a key factor in situations of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Unemployment as a key factor in situations of poverty and social exclusion

January 2018

Social Inclusion

Major differences exist in unemployment rates depending on age and nationality. Almost half of Spaniards aged below 25 years were unemployed in 2016.

Material Deprivation and Work Intensity

Infodata

Material Deprivation and Work Intensity

Setembre 2016

Social Inclusion

In today’s society, certain products or services are considered as necessary to lead an adequate life in line with the current social reality. The impossibility of accessing some of these products or services is used as an indicator of material deprivation. 

Early Childhood Education

Infodata

Early Childhood Education

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

With the aim of improving parental access to the labour market, the Council of Europe is working towards all countries in the European Union achieving 33% of children enrolled in pre-school education.

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

Barometer

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

September 2016

Social Inclusion

“Inequality is a threat to democracy because it deprives poor people of their rights”

Interview

“Inequality is a threat to democracy because it deprives poor people of their rights”

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Janet Currie,Profesora de Economía y Asuntos Públicos en la Universidad de Princeton (Nueva Jersey)

Janet Currie, a worldwide authority in the analysis of the effects of socioeconomic differences, explains the correlation between family income levels and school outcomes.

New ways of looking at poverty

Review

New ways of looking at poverty

Abril 2017

Social Inclusion
Roger Senserrich,
Director of Communications at Connecticut Voices for Children

What do people living in poverty experience and what policies could help them? These two books aim to answer these two questions from opposing perspectives. Economics of Poverty adopts a theoretical and global focus, while Scarcity approaches the subject empirically and looks at specific cases.

Inequality in a converging world

Review

Inequality in a converging world

Luis Guirola,PhD student in Political Science at Duke University

Inequality as a phenomenon can be studied from a local, global or international perspective. Branko Milanovic integrates these three points of view in order to reflect on the effect of globalisation within this inequality.

The high price of inequality: lessons on the costs and consequences of child poverty in advanced societies

Review

The high price of inequality: lessons on the costs and consequences of child poverty in advanced societies

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Alejandro Arias Lera,an analyst at the Spanish Government’s High Commissioner’s Ouice for the fight against child poverty

The books reviewed here consider why it is important for everyone, and not just for the most vulnerable, to achieve more egalitarian societies.

CaixaProinfancia Programme

Best practices

CaixaProinfancia Programme

February 2019

Social Inclusion

The CaixaProinfancia programme supports families in a situation of poverty with academic reinforcement, grants for food and hygiene, leisure, psychotherapeutic care and family educational support.

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

February 2020

Social Inclusion

AROPE (at risk of poverty and social exclusion) indicator.

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

Interview

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

June 2017

Social Inclusion
Dr Nick, Axford Senior Researcher and Head of What Works,Dartington Social Research Unit

The reduction in aid programmes for vulnerable groups has caused an increase in situations of social exclusion in Europe. In this interview, Nick Axford explains to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” how social protection policies are designed and the factors that intervene in the process.

The economic position of elderly people

Infodata

The economic position of elderly people

May 2018

Social Inclusion

Are there differences between the percentage of men and women aged over 60 years that are at risk of poverty? In Spain gender differences in the poverty risk rate among people aged over 60 years have practically disappeared.

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

Article

Economic crisis and social classes: everyone loses out, especially poorer people

July 2018

Social Inclusion
Olga Salido,senior lecturer in Sociology at the Complutense University of Madrid

Although the economic crisis has produced a generalised impoverishment of the different population segments in our country, the impact has been much greater among the poorer classes.

Young people and social inclusion

Infodata

Young people and social inclusion

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the impact of poverty and social exclusion on young people? This infographic shows social exclusion rates by age group and the different problem issues linked to youth unemployment.

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

Review

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

September 2016

Social Inclusion Education
Dr. Michael Pratt, Psychology Department,Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario

These two works analyse, from the angles of psychology and sociology respectively, the increase in social opportunities for underprivileged children. The first proposes acting on the environment and the second, on individual capabilities. 

Economic and material wellbeing

Report

Economic and material wellbeing

October 2018

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Rosa Martínez López,Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez, Marina Romaguera de la Cruz,Universidad de Alcalá and EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz,UNED and EQUALITAS

Any household must face up to three challenges: having a sufficient income, maintaining a financial balance and avoiding situations of poverty. This report analyses the social needs linked to material living conditions.

Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion

December 2018

Social Inclusion

Is there a greater risk of poverty and social exclusion among single-parent households? 48% of such homes suffered  economic difficulties in Spain in 2017.

Can families afford access to childcare services?

Infodata

Can families afford access to childcare services?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

32.5% of Spanish single-parent families say that they have significant difficulties in paying for childcare services. Do households with two adults have easier access to these services?

What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?

Infodata

What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

Economic reasons, availability of places, distance, timetable flexibility, etc. What factors determine access to nurseries?

Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.

Infodata

Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.

December 2018

Social Inclusion

The highest percentage of households with very low employment intensity stands at 24.6% and corresponds to single-parent households. What happens with other households?

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

Infodata

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

December 2018

Social Inclusion

80.1% of households with two adults and no children live in an owned home. In the case of single-parent households, this percentage falls to 65%.

Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:

Article

Child material deprivation in single-parent households in Spain:

May 2019

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno,Valladolid University;Diego Dueñas,Valladolid and Alcalá Universities

Diet, leisure, housing conditions… do children who live in single-parent households suffer greater material deprivation? We analyse what influence income level and gender have.    

Nueva desigualdad en España y nuevas políticas para afrontarla

Chapter

Nueva desigualdad en España y nuevas políticas para afrontarla

Septiembre 2019

José Moisés Martín Carretero,Profesor de economía y emprendimiento de la Universidad Camilo José Cela. Director de Red2Red Consultores

Este informe recoge el análisis sobre la situación social en España y sobre la capacidad de las ayudas y subsidios existentes para garantizar unos ingresos mínimos a todos los ciudadanos, con el objetivo de reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad.

Desde Stockton hasta Chicago y Nueva York: otros laboratorios de renta básica

Chapter

Desde Stockton hasta Chicago y Nueva York: otros laboratorios de renta básica

Septiembre 2019

Ana Berenguer,Vicepresidenta de Análisis y Estudios del equipo de desarrollo económico del Ayuntamiento de Nueva York (NYCEDC)

Análisis de varias iniciativas en Estados Unidos que han empezado a apostar por estudiar la renta básica, especialmente desde las administraciones locales de ciudades como Nueva York.

Las rentas mínimas autonómicas en España: balance y retos de futuro

Chapter

Las rentas mínimas autonómicas en España: balance y retos de futuro

Septiembre 2019

José Antonio Noguera,Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Las rentas mínimas autonómicas se han consolidado y cumplen un papel apreciable, pero son aún débiles para reducir sustancialmente la tasa de pobreza en España. Lo analizamos.

El debate parlamentario sobre la prestación de ingresos mínimos

Chapter

El debate parlamentario sobre la prestación de ingresos mínimos

Septiembre 2019

Belén Santa Cruz Díez,Economista y periodista

En el 2015, los sindicatos CCOO y UGT registraron en el Congreso de los Diputados una iniciativa legislativa popular en demanda de una prestación de ingresos mínimos. ¿Qué debate político ha generado?

Renta básica (incondicional). Por qué es importante para la libertad y cómo se puede financiar

Chapter

Renta básica (incondicional). Por qué es importante para la libertad y cómo se puede financiar

Septiembre 2019

Daniel Raventós,Presidente de la Red Renta Básica y profesor de la Facultad de Economía y Empresa de la Universidad de Barcelona.

En este capítulo se realiza un análisis de la renta básica atendiendo a dos cuestiones esenciales: ¿es justa? y ¿es viable? Se aborda principalmente la relación de la renta básica con la libertad del individuo. 

Una propuesta de renta fiscal universal para España

Chapter

Una propuesta de renta fiscal universal para España

Septiembre 2019

Jordi Sevilla,Economista. Ex ministro de Administraciones Públicas (2004-2007)

La propuesta de una renta fiscal universal busca convertir el mínimo vital definido en el IRPF en una auténtica renta garantizada para asegurar a todos los ciudadanos un mínimo nivel de ingresos.

Tackling child poverty

Dossier

Tackling child poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion

To what point do poverty and material deprivation affect the households in which children live? The eighth Dossier from the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” analyses the relationship between child poverty and its consequences, such as health problems, academic failure and social mobility difficulties. 

Cambio tecnológico y renta básica

Chapter

Cambio tecnológico y renta básica

Septiembre 2019

Manuel Alejandro Hidalgo Pérez,Departamento de Economía, Métodos cuantitativos e Historia económica, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla.

El cambio tecnológico parece favorecer un aumento de la polarización salarial y de la desigualdad. En este contexto, la renta básica universal se vislumbra como una medida para compensar a los más desfavorecidos por los cambios en los modos de producción.