Content with the tag: politics

Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs

Article

Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs

December 2016

Social Inclusion

Braulio Gómez, Researcher in Political Science at the University of Deusto
Manuel Trujillo, Coordinator of the Statistics Unit at the Advanced Social Studies Institute (IESA-CSIC)

Increasingly, the inhabitants of the suburbs have been choosing not to go and vote. What are the reasons that explain such extreme abstention by this collective in electoral processes? Has the new politics managed to draw greater participation from the more disadvantaged areas?

Is research responding to health needs?

Article

Is research responding to health needs?

March 2018

Science
Ismael Ràfols, Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València; Alfredo Yegros, University of Leiden (Netherlands)

How can we ensure that biomedical research is aligned with social needs? This article from the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses how resources could be assigned efficiently.

How can legislation be used to promote public health?

Article

How can legislation be used to promote public health?

October 2017

Science
Jaime Pinilla, senior lecturer of Applied Economics University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

In Spain, smoking and road accidents are responsible for an important loss of years and quality of life. Have the legal measures taken in recent years had any effect on this problem?

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

Article

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

September 2017

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez and Laura Cruz Castro, Institute of Public Goods and Policies (IPP) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Science is a very relevant activity in economic terms, which also has a very favourable social perception. However, Spain invests less in R&D than the rest of the European countries, confirming a gap between citizens' attitudes and the will of politicians and businesses.

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

Article

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

September 2017

Science
Paloma Miravitlles, Fariza Achcaoucaou, Ana Núñez-Carballosa and Laura Guitart-Tarrés, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Barcelona

On the global economic map drawn up by the financial crisis of 2008, the emerging countries are displacing the developed countries in the attracting of foreign investment in R&D. What factors influence this phenomenon and how does it affect countries such as Spain?

Public investment in elderly people

Infodata

Public investment in elderly people

May 2018

Social Inclusion

What percentage of public spending is allocated to elderly people? The tendency in European countries has been to increase the weight of the resources allocated to this group.

Participation in volunteer activities and active citizenship

Infodata

Participation in volunteer activities and active citizenship

May 2018

Social Inclusion

To what point do elderly people participate in political activities? Some 6.5% of men and 4.3% of women aged between 65 and 74 years in our country participate actively in politics.

How much do countries invest in R&D?

Infodata

How much do countries invest in R&D?

September 2017

Science

How much do countries invest in R&D? In more dynamic economies, the business sector is the major funder, whereas in Southern Europe, the governments lead investment.

“Fair society, healthy lives”

Interview

“Fair society, healthy lives”

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Michael Marmot,
Director of the Institute of Health Equityof of the University College London (UCL)

Michael Marmot, director of the UCL Health Equities Institute, explains the mechanisms linking social inequality and poor health, as well as the policies that should be implemented to reduce both.

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

Interview

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

June 2017

Culture
John W. O’Hagan, Trinity College, Dublín

In this interview, John O’Hagan explains the numerous benefits that the arts bring to society, from their contribution to the formation of a collective identity to their positive impact on the economy.

“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

Interview

“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

September 2016

Education
Jane Waldfogel, Chair Professor of Social Work and Public Affairs,
Columbia University School

Jane Waldfogel is Chair Professor in Social Work at the University of Columbia. In this interview, the main author of the book Too Many Children Left Behind proposes solutions for tackling differences in performance between students.

Changing the Conversation about Inequality

Review

Changing the Conversation about Inequality

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Pablo Beramendi, Duke University

Tackling growing inequality in income distribution and wealth is a social challenge that demands an innovative approach. Academic Anthony B. Atkinson proposes 15 actions that combine old policies with new instruments.

Science and the future

Review

Science and the future

June 2017

Science
Tessa Dunlop, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB)

How can we tackle living with uncertainty? We analyse two books that provide a critical view and a philosophical focus to try to help manage our expectations regarding the future and the tools that science offers us to try to predict it.

The State and the Innovation Effort

Review

The State and the Innovation Effort

September 2017

Science
Melanie Smallman, University College, London

From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008. This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that analyse this issue from very different perspectives. 

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

Review

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

November 2017

Culture
Ruth Towse, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom

The two books reviewed share concerns regarding the decline of the USA and show the problems facing the country. From different perspectives, both reach the same diagnosis regarding American society and the danger that threatens democracy.

“No matter what the economy does, art and culture will continue to function”

Interview

“No matter what the economy does, art and culture will continue to function”

September 2016

Culture
David Throsby, Specialist in the Economics of Art and Culture, Distinguished Professor of the Department of Economics,
Macquarie University (Australia)

In this interview David Throsby, a specialist in the economics of art and culture, offers a global view of what the concepts of culture and art mean, including their value as well as the relationship that these disciplines have with the economy. 

How to manage public R&D spending in times of budgetary austerity

Article

How to manage public R&D spending in times of budgetary austerity

September 2016

Science
Reinhilde Veugelers, Senior Fellow,
Bruegel Institute

Public investment in R & D is one of the pillars of knowledge-based economies. How can we ensure that this effort is applied intelligently? What do governments need to know to support the investments with  greater social return?

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

Interview

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

June 2017

Social Inclusion
Dr Nick, Axford Senior Researcher and Head of What Works, Dartington Social Research Unit

The reduction in aid programmes for vulnerable groups has caused an increase in situations of social exclusion in Europe. In this interview, Nick Axford explains to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” how social protection policies are designed and the factors that intervene in the process.

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

Article

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

August 2017

Science
Fernando Prieto, Sustainability Observatory

Forest fires are a recurring problem that destroy tens of thousands of hectares of woodland every year. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse sustainable solutions for the long term within a "green employment strategy". 

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

Infodata

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

September 2017

Science

This index allows comparison of the level of innovation in different regions. Measuring variables such as infrastructures, business activity or tangible results, it shows that in Spain there is still much work to be done.