Balancing the welfare state

Article

Balancing the welfare state

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Concepció Patxot and Gianko Michailidis, Universitat de Barcelona

Is the welfare state biased in favour of elderly people? This article analyses the financial sustainability of the current system.

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

Article

The demographic dividend, an opportunity for the development of the economy and the welfare state

November 2021

Social Inclusion
Ronald Lee, CEDA, University of California, Berkeley;Andrew Mason, University of Hawaii, co-founders of the NTA project

How can the experience of the developed world help other regions of the planet that are in earlier phases of demographic transition?

Social Research Call 2022 (SRC 2022)

call

Social Research Call 2022 (SRC 2022)

November 2021

The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” Foundation launches an open and competitive call to fund excellent, innovative and socially-oriented research projects. Proposals must generate new knowledge to broaden our understanding of the major challenges of today’s society, using quantitative methods.

Percentage of population with basic education and higher

Infodata

Percentage of population with basic education and higher

November 2021

Education

Education level in Spain is more polarised than in the rest of the EU. This indicator offers data that demonstrate this..

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

Infodata

Number of generations necessary so that those born in families with low incomes can reach the average level of income in their society

November 2021

Social Inclusion

In Spain, according to this indicator, it takes four generations to improve the incomes of families with precarious finances.

Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

Infodata

Percentage of people who view themselves as above their parents or grandparents on the social ladder

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Some 29% of Spaniards have a social position above that of their parents, and over 40% believe they have risen above their grandparents on the social ladder.

Social benefits by programmes

Infodata

Social benefits by programmes

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Some 23.1% of Spain’s GDP is assigned to programmes for the care of elderly people, health, unemployment, disability, family, social exclusion and housing.

Feminisation of care work

Infodata

Feminisation of care work

November 2021

Social Inclusion

In Spain, 10% of women perform care work, by far exceeding the 5% of male carers.

Intergenerational solidarity

Infodata

Intergenerational solidarity

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Some 34.8 of grandparents in Spain regularly care for their grandchildren, a figure much higher than the European average.

Participation in welfare state benefits

Infodata

Participation in welfare state benefits

November 2021

Social Inclusion

Between 2008 and 2018, benefits for the elderly increased, whereas benefits for families did not improve.

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