Analysis of social needs of the inmigrant population

Report

Analysis of social needs of the inmigrant population

December 2020

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala and Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED and EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez and Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá and EQUALITAS

The immigrant collective is one of the most vulnerable groups and, if we compare it with native workers, a significant income gap is revealed. In this report we analyse this population segment’s social needs before covid-19.

Immigration: challenges and opportunities

Dossier

Immigration: challenges and opportunities

December 2020

Social Inclusion

What challenges and opportunities are posed by immigration? The ninth Dossier from the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” analyses why this phenomenon is key for the sustainability of depopulated areas in Spain and its impact on the education system.  

Employment rates of the population (aged 24 to 64)

Infodata

Employment rates of the population (aged 24 to 64)

December 2020

Social Inclusion

Does being an immigrant influence employability? Judging by the data, yes, and prominently: in 2018, the occupation rate of the foreign population in Spain with higher education was 9.2 points below that of the native population.

Median equivalised income of the population aged 20 to 64

Infodata

Median equivalised income of the population aged 20 to 64

December 2020

Social Inclusion

In 2018, the equivalent median income of individuals born abroad was some 37.8% lower than that of individuals born in Spain. A difference much higher than the EU average, which stands at 7.3%.

Proportion of population at risk of poverty or social exclusion

Infodata

Proportion of population at risk of poverty or social exclusion

December 2020

Social Inclusion

In 2018, of every 2 people of foreign origin in Spain, 1 was at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Discover if this exceeds the average of the EU countries.

The phenomenon of immigration

Infodata

The phenomenon of immigration

December 2020

Social Inclusion

Did you know that 13.3% of Spain’s population is of foreign origin? Applications for asylum originating from extra-Community countries have multiplied by 12 in the last ten years in Spain.

Percentage of the population (aged 25 to 54) with higher education

Infodata

Percentage of the population (aged 25 to 54) with higher education

December 2020

Social Inclusion

Only 27.7% of the foreign population gains access to higher education in Spain, against 44% of the native population.

Young people (aged 15 to 29) who neither study nor work

Infodata

Young people (aged 15 to 29) who neither study nor work

December 2020

Social Inclusion

The percentage of “NEETs” (Not in Education, Employment or Training) is much higher in Spain among women of foreign origin than among men (27.8% versus 21.6%).

Disproportionate housing costs

Infodata

Disproportionate housing costs

December 2020

Social Inclusion

Some 30.4% of people of foreign origin live in households in which their housing costs exceed 40% of their disposable income.

Overcrowding

Infodata

Overcrowding

December 2020

Social Inclusion

The population of immigrant origin has more probabilities of residing in over-occupied dwellings. Thus, in 2018, some 13.2% of people of foreign origin in Spain were living in overcrowded dwellings.

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