Proportion of population at risk of poverty or social exclusion

Infodata

Proportion of population at risk of poverty or social exclusion

December 2020

Social Inclusion

In 2018, of every 2 people of foreign origin in Spain, 1 was at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Discover if this exceeds the average of the EU countries.

The phenomenon of immigration

Infodata

The phenomenon of immigration

December 2020

Social Inclusion

Did you know that 13.3% of Spain’s population is of foreign origin? Applications for asylum originating from extra-Community countries have multiplied by 12 in the last ten years in Spain.

Percentage of the population (aged 25 to 54) with higher education

Infodata

Percentage of the population (aged 25 to 54) with higher education

December 2020

Social Inclusion

Only 27.7% of the foreign population gains access to higher education in Spain, against 44% of the native population.

Young people (aged 15 to 29) who neither study nor work

Infodata

Young people (aged 15 to 29) who neither study nor work

December 2020

Social Inclusion

The percentage of “NEETs” (Not in Education, Employment or Training) is much higher in Spain among women of foreign origin than among men (27.8% versus 21.6%).

Disproportionate housing costs

Infodata

Disproportionate housing costs

December 2020

Social Inclusion

Some 30.4% of people of foreign origin live in households in which their housing costs exceed 40% of their disposable income.

Overcrowding

Infodata

Overcrowding

December 2020

Social Inclusion

The population of immigrant origin has more probabilities of residing in over-occupied dwellings. Thus, in 2018, some 13.2% of people of foreign origin in Spain were living in overcrowded dwellings.

Acquisition of nationality

Infodata

Acquisition of nationality

December 2020

Social Inclusion

In 2017, Spanish nationality was obtained by 66,498 people, some 1.1% of the total of the immigrant population and a lower percentage than in other countries such as Italy, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France.

Perceived health status

Infodata

Perceived health status

December 2020

Social Inclusion

People of Spanish and foreign nationalities alike have a perception of their health as good or very good, and above the European Union average.

Perception regarding immigration

Infodata

Perception regarding immigration

December 2020

Social Inclusion

In 2017, some 7 out of every 10 Spaniards considered that the integration of immigrants was generally satisfactory, a percentage much higher than the EU average.

Fast Track

Best practices

Fast Track

December 2020

Social Inclusion

In Sweden, with the collaboration of the Public Employment Service and agents from various employment sectors, newly arrived immigrants are trained to facilitate their rapid inclusion into the labour market.

Imbalances between worked hours and desired hours among the younger population

Article

Imbalances between worked hours and desired hours among the younger population

November 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Do we work the number of hours we really want to? The percentage of young people who are experiencing imbalances has increased significantly over the last 10 years, especially among
those who would prefer to work more hours.

Going to work in another city: who is willing to do so and why?

Article

Going to work in another city: who is willing to do so and why?

November 2020

Social Inclusion
Sergi Vidal, Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Four out of every ten workers in Spain, who have or are seeking a job, would be prepared to go and live somewhere else. Income and the professional career associated with upwards social mobility are the main reasons for interregional mobility.   

Who believes fake news in Spain?

Article

Who believes fake news in Spain?

November 2020

Social Inclusion
Nina Wiesehomeier and D.J. Flynn, School of Global and Public Affairs, IE University

People who get their news via social media networks give more credit to fake news. This study underlines the difficulty of effectively combating false information. 

Does the native population move out of neighbourhoods where immigrants move in?

Article

Does the native population move out of neighbourhoods where immigrants move in?

November 2020

Social Inclusion
Jesús Fernández-Huertas, UC3M;Ada Ferrer i Carbonell, IAE-CSIC, Barcelona GSE, IZA;Albert Saiz, MIT;Adaptation: Jordi Pueyo

Between 1998 and 2008, the percentage of immigrant population in Spain grew from 3% to 13%. Did this favour the appearance of ghettos? Or was there balance in residential areas between natives and immigrants?

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

October 2020

Science Social Inclusion
Ignacio González, Agencia Estatal de Administración Tributaria;Alfonso Mateos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid;Adapted by: Eli Vivas and Carina Bellver (StoryData)

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

What do we know about the taxes we pay?

Article

What do we know about the taxes we pay?

October 2020

Social Inclusion
Dirk Foremny, Universitat de Barcelona

People have important misperceptions regarding the level of taxes that they pay. Does knowing more change what we think about redistribution?

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

Article

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Ana R. Sepúlveda, Tatiana Lacruz, Santos Solano, Marta Rojo, Francisco J. Román and Miriam Blanco, ANOBAS research group, Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM);Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea and Carina Bellver (StoryData)

¿Does childhood obesity as a result of a disadvantaged family environment exist? This article points towards the fact that, in the face of psychological distress, many children use food as an escape valve, which causes a loss of control over their diet.

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

Article

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona and IAE-CSIC;Libertad González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE

Despite a slight increase in participation by men, this study shows that housework and childcare represented a heavier workload for women during the lockdown.

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

Article

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

September 2020

Education
Dulce Manzano and María Fernández-Mellizo, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM);Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea and Carina Bellver (StoryData)

The digital divide reduces equal opportunities for citizens. This article examines the reasons for this based on the analysis of ICT use patterns among Spanish compulsory secondary-school students.  

Personal well-being and the use of technology during lockdown

Article

Personal well-being and the use of technology during lockdown

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Javier García-Manglano, Charo Sádaba, Cecilia Serrano and Claudia López, research group, Institute of Culture and Society, University of Navarra

Technology has played a key role in us continuing to work and study from home, but also in leisure and communication. We spent, on average, over 9 hours a day in front of screens. Does greater consumption mean more or less wellbeing?

call

Call to support research projects on social inequality (LL2020_5)

September 2020

Social Inclusion

This call of the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” aims to support social research projects on inequality and the social pact in Spain.

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

Article

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

September 2020

Science
Maria Rubio Juan, Melanie Revilla, André Pirralha and Wiebke Weber, RECSM-Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Climate change is a concern worldwide, but what influences support for climate change policies? According to this study, the determining factor is the perceived effectiveness of each measure.

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED;M. José González, UPF

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona;Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza;Adapted by Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

Employed but poor

Article

Employed but poor

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

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