Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram, University of Essex;Olga Cantó, University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

How can legislation be used to promote public health?

Article

How can legislation be used to promote public health?

October 2017

Science
Jaime Pinilla, senior lecturer of Applied Economics University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

In Spain, smoking and road accidents are responsible for an important loss of years and quality of life. Have the legal measures taken in recent years had any effect on this problem?

CaixaImpulse

Best practices

CaixaImpulse

September 2017

Science
Roger Gomis, ICREA Researcher at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine Barcelona and founder of Inbiomotion, S.L.

A programme that transfers innovative health research results to society by promoting the creation of companies, products and services.

The State and the Innovation Effort

Review

The State and the Innovation Effort

September 2017

Science
Melanie Smallman, University College, London

From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008. This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that analyse this issue from very different perspectives. 

The present and the future lie in science and innovation

Interview

The present and the future lie in science and innovation

September 2017

Science
Spain’s Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation

Spain’s Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation, Carmen Vela, describes in this interview the strengths of the current system and highlights those fronts being worked on with regard to the medium and long term.

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

September 2017

Social Inclusion
Elisenda Rentería, Centre for Demographic Studies researcher;Rosario Scandurra, UB;Guadalupe Souto, UAB;Concepció Patxot, UB

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

Article

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

September 2017

Science
Aina Gallego, Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals

Historically, technology has transformed many professions. How will technological development affect future employment? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses the situation in Spain with regard to “risk of computerisation”.

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

Article

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

September 2017

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez and Laura Cruz Castro, Institute of Public Goods and Policies (IPP) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Science is a very relevant activity in economic terms, which also has a very favourable social perception. However, Spain invests less in R&D than the rest of the European countries, confirming a gap between citizens' attitudes and the will of politicians and businesses.

Research and innovation: what are our stakes?

Dossier

Research and innovation: what are our stakes?

September 2017

Science

Is it countries with resources that make the biggest investment in science? Or is it that countries that devote the most efforts to science are those that generate the greatest wealth? This is the opening question of the third "la Caixa" Social Observatory Dossier, which analyses the current social context of science and to what extent it represents a value-added contribution to our society. 

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

Article

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

September 2017

Science
Paloma Miravitlles, Fariza Achcaoucaou, Ana Núñez-Carballosa and Laura Guitart-Tarrés, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Barcelona

On the global economic map drawn up by the financial crisis of 2008, the emerging countries are displacing the developed countries in the attracting of foreign investment in R&D. What factors influence this phenomenon and how does it affect countries such as Spain?

What does society think of science and technology?

Infodata

What does society think of science and technology?

September 2017

Science

In what areas will science and technological innovation have a positive impact in the next 15 years? The view of citizens.

Open access to science

Infodata

Open access to science

September 2017

Science

Open Access means the online and free availability of the results of research. In Spain, the proportion of accessible and restriction-free documents stands above the European Union average.

How equitable is science?

Infodata

How equitable is science?

September 2017

Science

This indicator offers a view of the distribution of university research work between men and women. Women represent just 21% of chair professors.

Intensive use of human capital

Infodata

Intensive use of human capital

September 2017

Science

What is the percentage of people employed in knowledge-intensive activities? In Spain, approximately a third of the population, slightly below the European average.

Academic performance of students in sciences and attitudes towards science

Infodata

Academic performance of students in sciences and attitudes towards science

September 2017

Science

How many students aged over 15 years have excellent results in sciences and how many hope to undertake a research-related career? In 2015, some 28.6% of Spanish students wanted to work in a scientific profession.

Eco-innovation index (2015)

Infodata

Eco-innovation index (2015)

September 2017

Science

This indicator shows a view of innovation from an economic, environmental and social perspective. In 2015, the Spanish eco-innovation index was situated above that of the European Union.

Applications for patents and for patents in social challenges

Infodata

Applications for patents and for patents in social challenges

September 2017

Science

The total number of applications for patents is an indicator of companies' innovation effort. Specifically, those focusing on societal challenges measure the level of application of technology related with the environment and health.

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

Infodata

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

September 2017

Science

What are the possibilities for innovative ideas reaching the market in each country? In 2014, Sweden was the European Union country with the highest transfer of innovation to the market, whereas Portugal occupied the opposite position.

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

Infodata

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

September 2017

Science

This index allows comparison of the level of innovation in different regions. Measuring variables such as infrastructures, business activity or tangible results, it shows that in Spain there is still much work to be done.

How much do countries invest in R&D?

Infodata

How much do countries invest in R&D?

September 2017

Science

How much do countries invest in R&D? In more dynamic economies, the business sector is the major funder, whereas in Southern Europe, the governments lead investment.

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

August 2017

Social Inclusion
Joan Costa-Font, London School of Economics

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

Article

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

August 2017

Science
Fernando Prieto, Sustainability Observatory

Forest fires are a recurring problem that destroy tens of thousands of hectares of woodland every year. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse sustainable solutions for the long term within a "green employment strategy". 

“Science issues are increasingly pressing civic issues”

Interview

“Science issues are increasingly pressing civic issues”

June 2017

Science
Lee Rainie and Cary Funk, Pew Research Center.

We interview Lee Rainie and Cary Funk, the heads of Internet, Science and Technology research at the Pew Research Center, the USA’s most prestigious fact tank.

On music, happiness and health. What do we know?

Article

On music, happiness and health. What do we know?

June 2017

Culture
Antonio Estache and Victor Ginsburgh, European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Université libre de Bruxelles.

How does music influence our wellbeing? This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” describes how various researchers, healthcare practitioners and other professionals interpret the relationship that exists between music and happiness.

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

Interview

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

June 2017

Culture
John W. O’Hagan, Trinity College, Dublín

In this interview, John O’Hagan explains the numerous benefits that the arts bring to society, from their contribution to the formation of a collective identity to their positive impact on the economy.

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

Interview

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

June 2017

Science
Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA (Autonomous University of Barcelona - UAB)

"What purpose does science serve in current times? Is it for the common good or for the benefit of just a few? Science needs to learn humility and be prepared to admit it when a solution cannot be given.” Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA Barcelona, talks about the current crisis affecting science and its possible solutions.

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

Interview

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

June 2017

Social Inclusion
Dr Nick, Axford Senior Researcher and Head of What Works, Dartington Social Research Unit

The reduction in aid programmes for vulnerable groups has caused an increase in situations of social exclusion in Europe. In this interview, Nick Axford explains to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” how social protection policies are designed and the factors that intervene in the process.

The psychosociology of climate change

Review

The psychosociology of climate change

May 2017

Science
Christian Oltra, Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology Research (CIEMAT) and Universitat de Barcelona.

Climate change is a very complex problem, and its possible solutions may not be a matter of true or false, but of better or worse. We review two books that talk about how this debate is ceasing to be a technical and rational question to become a question of values and lifestyles.

Cultural Participation in Spain: Antecedents and Opportunities

Article

Cultural Participation in Spain: Antecedents and Opportunities

May 2017

Culture
Tally Katz-Gerro, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Haifa;Martin Falk, Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

The level of cultural participation in our country is similar to that of other European countries, with the exception of the Nordic countries. From a comparative perspective, this article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” analyses the effects of education level, age, income and some variables of the employment situation on attendance rates.

“We have undervalued the importance of personal interrelations in education”

Interview

“We have undervalued the importance of personal interrelations in education”

May 2017

Education
Alan Daly, Chair Professor and Head of the Department of Education Studies, University of California, San Diego.

Alan Daly, Chair Professor of Education at the University of California, offers in this interview granted to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” a view of the role of personal relations in the world of education, in which he highlights the concept of social capital.

Science and the future

Review

Science and the future

May 2017

Science
Tessa Dunlop, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB)

How can we tackle living with uncertainty? We analyse two books that provide a critical view and a philosophical focus to try to help manage our expectations regarding the future and the tools that science offers us to try to predict it.

Chemical pollution does not just have an impact on human health; it also has an impact on our econom

Interview

Chemical pollution does not just have an impact on human health; it also has an impact on our econom

April 2017

Science
Leonardo Trasande, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Environmental Medicine and Population Health School of Medicine,
New York University

What diseases are caused by the pollutants that we release into the environment? Why do they affect children most? What repercussion do these illnesses have on health and the economy? We interview Leonardo Trasande, professor at New York University and an expert on the subject.

Young people and wellbeing

Infodata

Young people and wellbeing

April 2017

Social Inclusion

The level of satisfaction with life varies according to age groups. The younger population tends to show higher levels of satisfaction.

Young people and participation

Infodata

Young people and participation

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the implication of young people in political activities and volunteering? In 2015, one in every ten young people took part in volunteering activities through an organisation.

Young people and social inclusion

Infodata

Young people and social inclusion

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the impact of poverty and social exclusion on young people? This infographic shows social exclusion rates by age group and the different problem issues linked to youth unemployment.

Young people and the labour market

Infodata

Young people and the labour market

April 2017

Social Inclusion

Youth unemployment in Spain is of a structural nature, accentuated in recent years by the economic crisis. In the last two decades, youth unemployment has practically doubled general unemployment.

Young people and education

Infodata

Young people and education

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the education level reached by young people aged between 25 and 34 years? In comparison with other countries, there is a high proportion of young adults with basic and tertiary education.

Young people and family relationships

Infodata

Young people and family relationships

April 2017

Social Inclusion

How has the economic situation changed between 2005 and 2015 for young people who live with their parents? Young men leave the parental home nearly two years later than young women.

Young people and demographic trends

Infodata

Young people and demographic trends

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What percentage of the total represents the child and youth population? In the year 2015, a third of the Spanish population was aged below 30 years.

Youth unemployment and poverty: a structural problem?

Dossier

Youth unemployment and poverty: a structural problem?

April 2017

Social Inclusion

The relationship between young people and the labour market is the central theme of this second Dossier from the “la Caixa” Social Observatory. The effect of the economic crisis on youth unemployment in the countries in our area will be a key factor to take into account when profiling the welfare states of tomorrow.

Fair society, healthy lives

Interview

Fair society, healthy lives

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Michael Marmot,
Director of the Institute of Health Equityof of the University College London (UCL)

Michael Marmot, director de Instituto de Equidad y Salud del University College London, explica los mecanismos que vinculan la desigualdad social con una mala salud, así como las políticas que deberían ponerse en marcha para reducirlas.

Incorpora Programme

Best practices

Incorpora Programme

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Rosa Suñol, director,
Instituto Avedis Donabedian – UAB

How can the occupational integration of people in a situation of or at risk of social exclusion be promoted? Rosa Suñol, director of the Avedis Donabedian Institute, explains the situation in Spain and the solutions that are being applied.

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

Article

The challenge for the Youth Guarantee

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno, Professor of Sociology,
University of Valladolid

Numerous diagnoses exist relating to the increase in youth unemployment caused by the economic crisis. The article reflects on the effectiveness of policies generated according to these diagnoses and, especially, on the European Recommendation of the Youth Guarantee.

Low education level, low labour force participation

Article

Low education level, low labour force participation

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, Professor of Applied Economics,
University of Oviedo

The economic crisis has affected the labour market for young people in Spain, especially for those with a low level of education. This situation needs to be reverted to avoid many under-30s ultimately suffering from exclusion.

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

Article

The unequal impact of social exclusion in Spain (2007-2013)

April 2017

Social Inclusion
Nerea Zugasti, Lecturer at the Department of Social Work of the Public University of Navarra

Between the years 2007 and 2013, the difficulties faced in employment, housing and health worsened considerably in Spain. This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” reflects on the problems that have intensified social exclusion which affects, above all, the younger population.

Overqualification and unemployment in young people. Pathways to employment of university graduates

Article

Overqualification and unemployment in young people. Pathways to employment of university graduates

April 2017

Education
María Ramos, Post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid

The economic crisis experienced by Spain has led to increasing numbers of young people opting to prolong their education given the lack of job prospects. This fact has caused overqualification among young people and the consolidation of unemployment.

Is research responding to health needs?

Article

Is research responding to health needs?

March 2017

Science
Ismael Ràfols, Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València;Alfredo Yegros, University of Leiden (Netherlands)

How can we ensure that biomedical research is aligned with social needs? This article from the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses how resources could be assigned efficiently.

Evolución comparada de la pobreza infantil, juvenil  y de los mayores en Europa

Article

Evolución comparada de la pobreza infantil, juvenil y de los mayores en Europa

March 2017

Social Inclusion
Juan J. Fernández, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Carlos III University, Madrid.

Has the protection of children and young people decreased over the last decade? In many European countries the child poverty rate is higher than the poverty rate among people aged over 64 years. This divergence is especially pronounced in Spain.

Los permisos parentales como instrumentos para la igualdad de genero

Article

Los permisos parentales como instrumentos para la igualdad de genero

February 2017

Social Inclusion
Gerardo Meil, chair professor of Sociology
Jesús Rogero-García, lecturer in Sociology
Pedro Romero-Balsas, lecturer in Sociology,
Autonomous University of Madrid

Today, thanks to policies aimed at reconciling working life and family life, increasing numbers of men are taking parental leave to be able to raise their newborn children. These new policies represent progress towards gender equality, but in Spain a significant difference still exists between men and women in the usage they make of parental leave entitlements.

Arriving in Rural Village Communities, Staying There or Leaving

Review

Arriving in Rural Village Communities, Staying There or Leaving

December 2016

Social Inclusion
Montserrat Soronellas Masdeu, Rovira i Virgili University

How should migration within the European context be studied? These two books, from the standpoints of gender and rurality, tackle a phenomenon previously studied above all in urban contexts with male protagonists. With these new perspectives, the scientific view offers extra depth to an issue of recent social importance.

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