Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs

Article

Empty Ballot Boxes in the City Suburbs

December 2016

Social Inclusion

Braulio Gómez, Researcher in Political Science at the University of Deusto
Manuel Trujillo, Coordinator of the Statistics Unit at the Advanced Social Studies Institute (IESA-CSIC)

Increasingly, the inhabitants of the suburbs have been choosing not to go and vote. What are the reasons that explain such extreme abstention by this collective in electoral processes? Has the new politics managed to draw greater participation from the more disadvantaged areas?

“Fighting climate change will benefit our health enormously”

Interview

“Fighting climate change will benefit our health enormously”

October 2016

Science
María Neira, Director of the Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health,
World Health Organization (WHO)

Atmospheric contamination causes 7 million deaths every year. María Neira, director of the WHO department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health, explains how policies focusing on improving people’s health also benefit the planet.

Educational expansion and the partial devaluation of credentials

Article

Educational expansion and the partial devaluation of credentials

October 2016

Education
Luis Ortiz, Professor of Political and Social Sciences
Jorge Rodríguez Menés, Professor of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Has mass access of Spaniards to intermediate and higher education been associated with a deterioration in the quality of educational qualifications, as some international bodies have warned?

The Social Elevator

Article

The Social Elevator

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion
Miguel Requena, Chair Professor of Sociology,
UNED

Despite its perception in recent years, education continues to be a very effective vehicle for social promotion, as well as a more significant factor than social origin in providing access to the professional classes.

Unemployment by sex and age - annual average

Barometer

Unemployment by sex and age - annual average

September 2016

Gini coefficient

Barometer

Gini coefficient

September 2016

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

Barometer

At-risk-of poverty rate by household type

September 2016

Social Inclusion

“The profile of the Spanish cultural consumer is similar to its European counterpart”

Interview

“The profile of the Spanish cultural consumer is similar to its European counterpart”

September 2016

Culture
Victor Fernández Blanco, Associate Professor of Foundations of Economic Analysis at the Department of Economics of the University of Oviedo, and specialist in the field of the economics of culture

Víctor Fernández Blanco builds up a diagnosis regarding cultural participation, highlighting the different consumer profiles and the changes that these reflect in their behaviours and routines. 

“No matter what the economy does, art and culture will continue to function”

Interview

“No matter what the economy does, art and culture will continue to function”

September 2016

Culture
David Throsby, Specialist in the Economics of Art and Culture, Distinguished Professor of the Department of Economics,
Macquarie University (Australia)

In this interview David Throsby, a specialist in the economics of art and culture, offers a global view of what the concepts of culture and art mean, including their value as well as the relationship that these disciplines have with the economy. 

Changing the Conversation about Inequality

Review

Changing the Conversation about Inequality

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Pablo Beramendi, Duke University

Tackling growing inequality in income distribution and wealth is a social challenge that demands an innovative approach. Academic Anthony B. Atkinson proposes 15 actions that combine old policies with new instruments.

Climate Change and Human Rights

Article

Climate Change and Human Rights

September 2016

Science
John H. Knox, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the issue of the human rights and the environment,
Wake Forest University (United States)

John Knox, United Nations Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, explains how climate change is endangering the right to life, health, water, food, housing, development and self-determination. 

Early Childhood Education

Infodata

Early Childhood Education

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

With the aim of improving parental access to the labour market, the Council of Europe is working towards all countries in the European Union achieving 33% of children enrolled in pre-school education.

Occupation and Salary Gap

Infodata

Occupation and Salary Gap

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

On average, men earn more than women for the same jobs. However, although the crisis reduced average salaries for everyone, the related growth in unemployment affected men more than women.

Education and Salaries

Infodata

Education and Salaries

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

The higher the level of education, the bigger the salary? Effectively, in 2015, the earnings of people with higher education qualifications were, on average, nearly 38% higher than those of people who had only completed intermediate education.

Education level

Infodata

Education level

September 2016

Education

What does the level of studies attained tell us about the structure of a society? Our country has a very high proportion of university graduates, but also a large percentage of people who have completed only primary education.

Education and Immigration

Infodata

Education and Immigration

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

How many students of immigrant origin are enrolled in the education system? During the 2014-2015 academic year in Spain, they represented 8.6% of total students, a low proportion in comparison with many other European countries

Structure of the Education System

Infodata

Structure of the Education System

September 2016

Education

Sometimes it is difficult to translate the language of international bodies that we use on a daily basis. What are the equivalences between the ISCED educational levels used by the UNESCO and the system used in Spain?

Attendance at Publicly-Funded Arts Events

Article

Attendance at Publicly-Funded Arts Events

September 2016

Culture
John W. O’Hagan
Trinity College Dublin 2

What is the cause behind such a high disparity in the participation rates in cultural offerings financed using public funds? Does this have a direct relationship with the population’s level of education?

Material Deprivation and Work Intensity

Infodata

Material Deprivation and Work Intensity

September 2016

Social Inclusion

In today’s society, certain products or services are considered as necessary to lead an adequate life in line with the current social reality. The impossibility of accessing some of these products or services is used as an indicator of material deprivation. 

Social stratification and parental care: an analysis of the Spanish case

Article

Social stratification and parental care: an analysis of the Spanish case

September 2016

Social Inclusion Education
Pablo Gracia, Department of Sociology, University of Amsterdam

Good parenting is fundamental for children’s development. How does parental dedication differ between social groups? Knowing the answer is essential if we want an equal society.

Towards More Inclusive Education: From Multiple Intelligences to a Passion for Learning

Review

Towards More Inclusive Education: From Multiple Intelligences to a Passion for Learning

September 2016

Education
Marta Seiz, Spanish National Research Council

Can education reduce social inequality? These two books, which talk to us about the theory of multiple intelligences and the importance of passion and perseverance, propose educational options for working in this direction.

Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

Barometer

Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

September 2016

Science

Research is a potential driving force for promoting economic growth and social welfare. What is the relative effort in research that different countries make? What economic activities are related to that research? This set of indicators provides an introduction to the history of research and innovation in various countries.

Culture Indicators

Barometer

Culture Indicators

September 2016

Culture

How is our country positioned in cultural questions? Understanding culture in its broadest form, the indicators presented by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” in this section allow us to interpret how culture is interrelated, within a European context, with today’s social and economic reality.

Social Inclusion Indicators

Barometer

Social Inclusion Indicators

September 2016

Social Inclusion

What is the country’s socioeconomic situation? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” includes in this section a series of indicators that offer a current-day snapshot of the relationship between the economy and people, analysing aspects such as the composition of households or labour market access in comparison with the societies of peer countries.

Context Indicators

Barometer

Context Indicators

September 2016

Using a series of basic indicators and synthetic indicators on social, demographic and economic issues, this section of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” offers a view in figures of the social reality of Spain within the European and international context.

Article Katrien Maes Women sky research

Article

Article Katrien Maes Women sky research

September 2016

Science
Dr. Katrien Maes, Chief Policy Officer,
League of European Research Universities (LERU)

Increasingly, certain areas of research – such as biomedicine – incorporate the sex and gender dimension into their projects. However, despite its relevance, this question continues to be a pending assignment in the majority of cases.

Education Indicators

Barometer

Education Indicators

September 2016

Education

Where is education heading? In this section the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” presents a series of indicators are presented that are key to understanding the situation of education in our society. The majority have been built using data from international databases such as the European Social Survey (ESS) or the PISA Report, among others.

“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

Interview

“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

September 2016

Education
Jane Waldfogel, Chair Professor of Social Work and Public Affairs,
Columbia University School

Jane Waldfogel is Chair Professor in Social Work at the University of Columbia. In this interview, the main author of the book Too Many Children Left Behind proposes solutions for tackling differences in performance between students.

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

Review

Actions against inequality for improving children's social opportunities

September 2016

Social Inclusion Education
Dr. Michael Pratt, Psychology Department, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario

These two works analyse, from the angles of psychology and sociology respectively, the increase in social opportunities for underprivileged children. The first proposes acting on the environment and the second, on individual capabilities. 

The dismal science of parenting

Review

The dismal science of parenting

September 2016

Education
Lucy Delap, University of Cambridge

How should we care for our children? The discipline of Amy Chua, Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother, contrasts with the experimental extravagances of Dalton Conley and his Parentology. However, the two share a competitive vision of childhood that focuses on social approval.

Education as a Social Elevator

Dossier

Education as a Social Elevator

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion

Education, research and knowledge are fundamental pillars for predicting a country’s future development. The Dossier  tackles the role of education as a social elevator and the presence of students of immigrant origin in the classroom.

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

Article

A Snapshot of Energy Poverty

September 2016

Science
Sergio Tirado Herrero, RMIT University Europe / Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA);José Luis López Fernández, Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA);Luis Jiménez Meneses, Asociación de Ciencias Ambientales (Environmental Sciences Association – ACA)

Energy poverty is a growing phenomenon since the beginning of the crisis in 2008 and the highest incidence is found in certain socioeconomic groups. What are the consequences of this reality? What structural measures would be needed to tackle this problem?

Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

Article

Health Inequalities by Education Level and Gender in Spain

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Aïda Solé-Auró, Department of Political and Social Sciences,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

To what measure do differences in educational level and gender result in a greater or lesser degree of poverty? Despite the advances in healthcare, education and income that have taken place in Spain, inequalities persist based on people’s level of education.

Participatory governance of cultural heritage

Article

Participatory governance of cultural heritage

September 2016

Culture
Margherita Sani,
Istituto per i Beni Artistici, Culturali e Naturali, Emilia-Romagna Region (Italy)

Insofar as cultural heritage is a common good, its governance should be carried out in a way that is transparent and open to citizens; it is for this reason that the contributions of users are as important as the skills of the experts.

Social Inequality, Economic Crisis and Health in Spain

Article

Social Inequality, Economic Crisis and Health in Spain

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Elisa Díaz Martínez, Ideas Laboratory Director,
Fundación Alternativas

Health inequalities exist between Spanish individuals that are related to their socioeconomic situation. An analysis of the effects on social groups would allow effective policies to be designed to combat this inequality. 

Reading skills among native and immigrant children: the compensating effect of preschool attendance

Article

Reading skills among native and immigrant children: the compensating effect of preschool attendance

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion
Johanna Dämmrich, European University Institute

Pre-school education plays a fundamental role in improving reading comprehension capabilities in primary and secondary school, especially among immigrant students. This is shown by the results in the three countries analysed: Spain, Norway and Sweden. 

Skills Acquisition in Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Students

Article

Skills Acquisition in Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Students

September 2016

Education Social Inclusion
Jorge Calero, Chair Professor of Applied Economics
Josep Oriol Escardíbul, Professor of Applied Economics,
University of Barcelona

The admission of immigrant students in the classroom has represented a significant change for the Spanish education system. Are there differences in the results of immigrant and non-immigrant students? Why?

Temporality, loss of work and educational performance

Article

Temporality, loss of work and educational performance

September 2016

Social Inclusion
Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela, researcher,
Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics

Parental job insecurity – due to unemployment or temporary employment – is directly related with a reduction in the academic performance of their children, and its effects are different depending on whether such insecurity is suffered by fathers or mothers.

How to manage public R&D spending in times of budgetary austerity

Article

How to manage public R&D spending in times of budgetary austerity

September 2016

Science
Reinhilde Veugelers, Senior Fellow,
Bruegel Institute

Public investment in R & D is one of the pillars of knowledge-based economies. How can we ensure that this effort is applied intelligently? What do governments need to know to support the investments with  greater social return?

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