The new carers

Article

The new carers

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Antonio Abellán, Alba Ayala and Julio Pérez, CSIC. CCHS;Rogelio Pujol, INE;Gerdt Sundström, Jönköping University;Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid

Who cares for the carers? This article by the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” explains the changes that have taken place in the figure of the carer and also the importance of carers receiving care too.

Elderly People’s Programme

Best practices

Elderly People’s Programme

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Matia Instituto Gerontológico

A programme that contributes to improving quality of life for elderly people and that reinforces their autonomy and social participation, above all in situations of vulnerability.

“Reablement is a new way of working, with the aim of improving elderly people’s independence.”

Interview

“Reablement is a new way of working, with the aim of improving elderly people’s independence.”

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Tine Rostgaard, Lecturer on Citizenship and Elderly People, Department of Political Science, University of Aalborg (Denmark)

Tine Rostgaard, a lecturer in Citizenship and Elderly People in Denmark, introduces in this interview the concept of reablement and explains how work is being done in other countries to stimulate the elderly people’s independence.

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

Article

Growing numbers of elderly women will live alone: how should we respond?

May 2018

Social Inclusion
David Reher, chair professor of Sociology, Complutense University of Madrid;Miguel Requena, chair professor of Sociology, UNED;Adaptation: María Ramos, post-doctoral researcher at the Carlos III University of Madrid

Why is the number of elderly women who live alone continually increasing? The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” studies the causes of this phenomenon, which has important implications in the design of welfare policies.

Ageing in place: where is best? Village or city?

Article

Ageing in place: where is best? Village or city?

May 2018

Social Inclusion
Irene Lebrusán Murillo, asociated lecturer in Carlos III University of Madrid

The house we live in is closely related with our quality of life and health, especially during old age. In turn, the quality of our home will depend on the municipality in which it is located. At this intersection, we tackle the question of whether it is better to grow old in a village or a city.

Contribution of elderly people to the care of family members

Infodata

Contribution of elderly people to the care of family members

May 2018

Social Inclusion

How do elderly people contribute to intergenerational care? In 2016, some 35% of elderly people in our country regularly took charge of caring for their grandchildren.

Elderly people (65-74 years) and new technologies

Infodata

Elderly people (65-74 years) and new technologies

May 2018

Social Inclusion

Over the course of the last decade, the number of elderly people who make use of new technologies has not ceased to grow. By 2017, some 28% were sending messages via electronic means.

Participation in volunteer activities and active citizenship

Infodata

Participation in volunteer activities and active citizenship

May 2018

Social Inclusion

To what point do elderly people participate in political activities? Some 6.5% of men and 4.3% of women aged between 65 and 74 years in our country participate actively in politics.

Relations with family, relatives and friends

Infodata

Relations with family, relatives and friends

May 2018

Social Inclusion

With what frequency do elderly people meet with their families? In our country, the minimum weekly frequency amply exceeds the European average for both sexes.

Active Ageing Index

Infodata

Active Ageing Index

May 2018

Social Inclusion

This indicator measures the level of independence in elderly people; this is based on variables such as occupation, social participation, independent living and the capacity for healthy ageing.

Dependence for personal care

Infodata

Dependence for personal care

May 2018

Social Inclusion

How many people aged over 65 years have difficulties in performing some of the basic activities of everyday life? In our country, 33% of people aged over 65 years have problems washing themselves independently.

Economic dependency of the elderly population with respect to the younger generations

Infodata

Economic dependency of the elderly population with respect to the younger generations

May 2018

Social Inclusion

By 2030, for every 100 people of working age there will be 40 who are economically dependent or at an inactive age. Will this proportion increase with time?

The economic position of elderly people

Infodata

The economic position of elderly people

May 2018

Social Inclusion

Are there differences between the percentage of men and women aged over 60 years that are at risk of poverty? In Spain gender differences in the poverty risk rate among people aged over 60 years have practically disappeared.

Public investment in elderly people

Infodata

Public investment in elderly people

May 2018

Social Inclusion

What percentage of public spending is allocated to elderly people? The tendency in European countries has been to increase the weight of the resources allocated to this group.

In what type of households do elderly people live?

Infodata

In what type of households do elderly people live?

May 2018

Social Inclusion

What are the most common living arrangements for elderly people? In Spain, the percentage of those living alone or with their partner is lower in comparison with our peer countries.

Is living more years synonymous with greater quality of life?

Infodata

Is living more years synonymous with greater quality of life?

May 2018

Social Inclusion

From the age of 65 years onwards, men live healthily for a longer time than women do. What is happening in our peer countries?

Ageing and care. How will we live and care for ourselves when we get old?

Dossier

Ageing and care. How will we live and care for ourselves when we get old?

May 2018

Social Inclusion

The fifth Dossier of the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” defines the challenges raised by the growing increase in the elderly population in welfare states. This issue evaluates elderly people’s contribution to society and reflects on the evolution of quality of life for this collective. 

How does social vulnerability affect childhood health?

Article

How does social vulnerability affect childhood health?

April 2018

Social Inclusion
Isabel Iguacel Azorín and Luis Alberto Moreno Aznar, GENUD group of the University of Zaragoza

What factors affect children’s health? At the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" we analyse how different vulnerabilities affect the physical and mental health of little ones.

“Regulating the work of undocumented immigrants in the care sector is a priority”

Interview

“Regulating the work of undocumented immigrants in the care sector is a priority”

April 2018

Social Inclusion
Giovanni Lamura, Researcher at the National Institute on Health and Science of Ageing (INRCA) in Ancona, Italy

Giovanni Lamura, senior researcher at Italy’s National Institute on Health and Science of Ageing (INRCA), shares with the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” an analysis on the current situation of dependency care systems and the challenges they will have to face in the future.

«If we are capable of living healthily, living more years does not mean more dependency»

Interview

«If we are capable of living healthily, living more years does not mean more dependency»

March 2018

Science
María Blasco, Director of the National Centre for Oncological Research (CNIO)

María Blasco, director of Spain's National Centre for Oncological Research,  shares with the  Social Observatory of "la Caixa" her view on how to extend healthy life years and the possible consequences in society.

“You must not measure everybody using the same set of criteria”

Interview

“You must not measure everybody using the same set of criteria”

March 2018

Science

Paul Wouters, director of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies at the University of Leiden, talks with the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” about new tendencies in research evaluation.

Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?

Article

Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?

February 2018

Science
Ester Martínez-Ros, University Carlos III de Madrid

The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” wonders whether it is possible to combine concern for the environment with economic growth. This study, one of the first in its field, shows a positive link between eco-innovation and the creation of employment, even in periods of recession.

New forms of cultural participation

Infodata

New forms of cultural participation

January 2018

Culture

Income level influences habits in cultural participation online. What happens in our peer countries?

Amateur artistic practices

Infodata

Amateur artistic practices

January 2018

Culture

Playing an instrument, singing, photography... In 2015, some 14.2% of citizens undertook some amateur artistic activity at least once per week.

Public investment in culture

Infodata

Public investment in culture

January 2018

Culture

How much do countries invest in culture? In the last decade, the governmental authorities in Spain have reduced the funding of cultural services.

Employment in the cultural sector

Infodata

Employment in the cultural sector

January 2018

Culture

How many people work in the cultural sector? In 2015, the cultural sector employed 2.5% of the population of Spain. This figure is lower than the European average.

Economic activity generated in the cultural sector

Infodata

Economic activity generated in the cultural sector

January 2018

Culture

What is the impact of cultural activity on the economy? In 2014, services companies in Spain working in the cultural activity sector represented 3.73% of the total economy.

Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

Infodata

Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

January 2018

Culture

How many people participate in complementary training courses linked to culture? In 2015, 5.9% of the Spanish population underwent some training of this type.

Participation in studies related with culture by gender

Infodata

Participation in studies related with culture by gender

January 2018

Culture

In all the countries, courses related with culture involved more women than men in 2015. In Spain, 57.8% of students with culture-related qualifications were women.

The challenge of climate change

Infodata

The challenge of climate change

January 2018

Science

How has the Earth’s average temperature evolved since 1880? The years 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 were the hottest on record.

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

Infodata

Limitations to the training of human capital and possibilities of economic growth and social wellbeing

January 2018

What is the rate for early leaving of education and training by sex? The Europe 2020 Strategy has a target of 15%.

Unemployment as a key factor in situations of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Unemployment as a key factor in situations of poverty and social exclusion

January 2018

Social Inclusion

Major differences exist in unemployment rates depending on age and nationality. Almost half of Spaniards aged below 25 years were unemployed in 2016.

The impact of culture and leisure on the happiness of Spanish people

Article

The impact of culture and leisure on the happiness of Spanish people

January 2018

Culture
Nela Filimon, Department of Economics, University of Girona

Happiness depends on many factors, prominently including participation in cultural and leisure activities. This article from the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" reflects on this theory in relation to the individual and social dimensions of culture.

Cultural participation and wellbeing. What do the data tell us?

Dossier

Cultural participation and wellbeing. What do the data tell us?

January 2018

Culture

Culture plays an important role in constructing and consolidating the bases for social cohesion and inclusion and for individual and collective wellbeing. The fourth issue of the Dossier from the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" analyses the factors that determine the cultural participation of citizens and reflects on how to guarantee equal conditions for such participation.

Cultural consumption: a question of taste or of price?

Article

Cultural consumption: a question of taste or of price?

January 2018

Culture
Juan Prieto Rodríguez, María José Pérez Villadóniga and Sara Suárez Fernández, University of Oviedo

This article from the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" analyses the role played by education and income in people’s participation in cultural activities of different types.

Perspectives on cultural participation in Europe

Review

Perspectives on cultural participation in Europe

January 2018

Culture
Antonio Ariño Villarroya, University of Valencia

This book, reviewed for the Social Observatory of "la Caixa", aims to measure participation in cultural activities on a European level, as well as promote them to contribute to social inclusion and active citizenship.

“One of the functions of art is to open up debates in society”

Interview

“One of the functions of art is to open up debates in society”

January 2018

Culture
Jen Snowball, Professor, Department of Economics and Economic History, Rhodes University

In this interview with the Social Observatory of "la Caixa" Jen Snowball shares her reflections on the value created by the art and culture sector and the concept of “culturally sustainable development”.

CaixaEscena

Best practices

CaixaEscena

January 2018

Culture
Jaume Colomer, cultural management consultant, director of Bissap and associate professor at the UB

A performing arts-based programme that integrates social, educational and cultural action.

To what extent is it considered important to have new ideas and be creative?

Infodata

To what extent is it considered important to have new ideas and be creative?

January 2018

Culture

To what point is it considered important to have new ideas and to be creative? In 2014, some 62% of Spanish citizens considered it was important to have new ideas and be creative.

Infodata

To what extent is it considered important to understand people who are different?

January 2018

Culture

The importance given by citizens to the capacity for understanding people who are different varies in the different European countries. In 2014, some 74.5% of the Spanish population considered it was important to understand people who are different.

What importance does culture have when planning holidays?

Infodata

What importance does culture have when planning holidays?

January 2018

Culture

Culture was one of the main reasons for 29% of the Spanish population when it came to planning holiday travel in 2015. Three points above the European average.

Opinion regarding the presence of immigrants in the country’s cultural life

Infodata

Opinion regarding the presence of immigrants in the country’s cultural life

January 2018

Culture

How does the presence of immigrants influence the country’s cultural life? In 2014, some 49% of Spanish people considered that the presence of immigrants enriched the country’s cultural life.

Difficulty in accessing cultural services

Infodata

Difficulty in accessing cultural services

January 2018

Culture

Reasons such as timings and distance may complicate the access of citizens to cultural spaces. In 2012, some 32% of the population of Spain considered it was difficult to access cultural services, 4 points higher than the European average.

Satisfaction with cultural spaces in European cities

Infodata

Satisfaction with cultural spaces in European cities

January 2018

Culture

What is the opinion of citizens regarding the cultural spaces available in their places of residence? This indicator shows in which European cities the residents appear to be most satisfied.

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

Review

Between complacency and a self-defeating dream

November 2017

Culture
Ruth Towse, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom

The two books reviewed share concerns regarding the decline of the USA and show the problems facing the country. From different perspectives, both reach the same diagnosis regarding American society and the danger that threatens democracy.

«Creative work favours innovation and, therefore, growth»

Interview

«Creative work favours innovation and, therefore, growth»

November 2017

Culture
Hasan Bakhshi, Director de Industrias Creativas, NESTA

In this interview granted to the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, Hasan Bakhshi shares his reflections on the creative economy and on the value of culture as an element that generates wellbeing, wealth and social cohesion.

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

Article

Employment situation and family background in Europe during the crisis: we are not all equal

October 2017

Social Inclusion
Silvia Avram, University of Essex;Olga Cantó, University of Alcalá and Equalitas network

What is the relationship between social background and quality of employment? We analyse whether, independently of education, family background is a conditioning factor in finding a good job and whether the crisis has influenced this situation.

How can legislation be used to promote public health?

Article

How can legislation be used to promote public health?

October 2017

Science
Jaime Pinilla, senior lecturer of Applied Economics University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

In Spain, smoking and road accidents are responsible for an important loss of years and quality of life. Have the legal measures taken in recent years had any effect on this problem?

CaixaImpulse

Best practices

CaixaImpulse

September 2017

Science
Roger Gomis, ICREA Researcher at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine Barcelona and founder of Inbiomotion, S.L.

A programme that transfers innovative health research results to society by promoting the creation of companies, products and services.

The State and the Innovation Effort

Review

The State and the Innovation Effort

September 2017

Science
Melanie Smallman, University College, London

From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008. This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that analyse this issue from very different perspectives. 

The present and the future lie in science and innovation

Interview

The present and the future lie in science and innovation

September 2017

Science
Spain’s Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation

Spain’s Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation, Carmen Vela, describes in this interview the strengths of the current system and highlights those fronts being worked on with regard to the medium and long term.

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

Article

Women and men, consumption and production over the life course. An unequal relationship

September 2017

Social Inclusion
Elisenda Rentería, Centre for Demographic Studies researcher;Rosario Scandurra, UB;Guadalupe Souto, UAB;Concepció Patxot, UB

A large difference exists between the productive activity of men and women, especially when the latter are mothers and devote considerable time to managing the household and caring for children and dependent elders.

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

Article

Occupations in transformation: who will be affected by technological change?

September 2017

Science
Aina Gallego, Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals

Historically, technology has transformed many professions. How will technological development affect future employment? The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” analyses the situation in Spain with regard to “risk of computerisation”.

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

Article

Research in Spain: the attitudes of companies, Governments and citizens

September 2017

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez and Laura Cruz Castro, Institute of Public Goods and Policies (IPP) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Science is a very relevant activity in economic terms, which also has a very favourable social perception. However, Spain invests less in R&D than the rest of the European countries, confirming a gap between citizens' attitudes and the will of politicians and businesses.

Research and innovation: what are our stakes?

Dossier

Research and innovation: what are our stakes?

September 2017

Science

Is it countries with resources that make the biggest investment in science? Or is it that countries that devote the most efforts to science are those that generate the greatest wealth? This is the opening question of the third "la Caixa" Social Observatory Dossier, which analyses the current social context of science and to what extent it represents a value-added contribution to our society. 

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

Article

Is Spain losing out on international investment in R&D?

September 2017

Science
Paloma Miravitlles, Fariza Achcaoucaou, Ana Núñez-Carballosa and Laura Guitart-Tarrés, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Barcelona

On the global economic map drawn up by the financial crisis of 2008, the emerging countries are displacing the developed countries in the attracting of foreign investment in R&D. What factors influence this phenomenon and how does it affect countries such as Spain?

What does society think of science and technology?

Infodata

What does society think of science and technology?

September 2017

Science

In what areas will science and technological innovation have a positive impact in the next 15 years? The view of citizens.

Open access to science

Infodata

Open access to science

September 2017

Science

Open Access means the online and free availability of the results of research. In Spain, the proportion of accessible and restriction-free documents stands above the European Union average.

How equitable is science?

Infodata

How equitable is science?

September 2017

Science

This indicator offers a view of the distribution of university research work between men and women. Women represent just 21% of chair professors.

Intensive use of human capital

Infodata

Intensive use of human capital

September 2017

Science

What is the percentage of people employed in knowledge-intensive activities? In Spain, approximately a third of the population, slightly below the European average.

Academic performance of students in sciences and attitudes towards science

Infodata

Academic performance of students in sciences and attitudes towards science

September 2017

Science

How many students aged over 15 years have excellent results in sciences and how many hope to undertake a research-related career? In 2015, some 28.6% of Spanish students wanted to work in a scientific profession.

Eco-innovation index (2015)

Infodata

Eco-innovation index (2015)

September 2017

Science

This indicator shows a view of innovation from an economic, environmental and social perspective. In 2015, the Spanish eco-innovation index was situated above that of the European Union.

Applications for patents and for patents in social challenges

Infodata

Applications for patents and for patents in social challenges

September 2017

Science

The total number of applications for patents is an indicator of companies' innovation effort. Specifically, those focusing on societal challenges measure the level of application of technology related with the environment and health.

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

Infodata

Innovation Output Indicator (2014)

September 2017

Science

What are the possibilities for innovative ideas reaching the market in each country? In 2014, Sweden was the European Union country with the highest transfer of innovation to the market, whereas Portugal occupied the opposite position.

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

Infodata

Index of Innovation in the European Union (2015)

September 2017

Science

This index allows comparison of the level of innovation in different regions. Measuring variables such as infrastructures, business activity or tangible results, it shows that in Spain there is still much work to be done.

How much do countries invest in R&D?

Infodata

How much do countries invest in R&D?

September 2017

Science

How much do countries invest in R&D? In more dynamic economies, the business sector is the major funder, whereas in Southern Europe, the governments lead investment.

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

Article

Long-Term Care following the Great Recession in European countries

August 2017

Social Inclusion
Joan Costa-Font, London School of Economics

Economic crises bring with them numerous political decisions that affect healthcare systems. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse the effects of the crisis on the reform of the long-term care system in European countries.

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

Article

Forest fires in Spain: importance, diagnosis, and proposals for a more sustainable future

August 2017

Science
Fernando Prieto, Sustainability Observatory

Forest fires are a recurring problem that destroy tens of thousands of hectares of woodland every year. In this article by the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”, we analyse sustainable solutions for the long term within a "green employment strategy". 

“Science issues are increasingly pressing civic issues”

Interview

“Science issues are increasingly pressing civic issues”

June 2017

Science
Lee Rainie and Cary Funk, Pew Research Center.

We interview Lee Rainie and Cary Funk, the heads of Internet, Science and Technology research at the Pew Research Center, the USA’s most prestigious fact tank.

On music, happiness and health. What do we know?

Article

On music, happiness and health. What do we know?

June 2017

Culture
Antonio Estache and Victor Ginsburgh, European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Université libre de Bruxelles.

How does music influence our wellbeing? This article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” describes how various researchers, healthcare practitioners and other professionals interpret the relationship that exists between music and happiness.

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

Interview

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

June 2017

Culture
John W. O’Hagan, Trinity College, Dublín

In this interview, John O’Hagan explains the numerous benefits that the arts bring to society, from their contribution to the formation of a collective identity to their positive impact on the economy.

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

Interview

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

June 2017

Science
Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA (Autonomous University of Barcelona - UAB)

"What purpose does science serve in current times? Is it for the common good or for the benefit of just a few? Science needs to learn humility and be prepared to admit it when a solution cannot be given.” Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA Barcelona, talks about the current crisis affecting science and its possible solutions.

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

Interview

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

June 2017

Social Inclusion
Dr Nick, Axford Senior Researcher and Head of What Works, Dartington Social Research Unit

The reduction in aid programmes for vulnerable groups has caused an increase in situations of social exclusion in Europe. In this interview, Nick Axford explains to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” how social protection policies are designed and the factors that intervene in the process.

The psychosociology of climate change

Review

The psychosociology of climate change

May 2017

Science
Christian Oltra, Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology Research (CIEMAT) and Universitat de Barcelona.

Climate change is a very complex problem, and its possible solutions may not be a matter of true or false, but of better or worse. We review two books that talk about how this debate is ceasing to be a technical and rational question to become a question of values and lifestyles.

Cultural Participation in Spain: Antecedents and Opportunities

Article

Cultural Participation in Spain: Antecedents and Opportunities

May 2017

Culture
Tally Katz-Gerro, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Haifa;Martin Falk, Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

The level of cultural participation in our country is similar to that of other European countries, with the exception of the Nordic countries. From a comparative perspective, this article by the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” analyses the effects of education level, age, income and some variables of the employment situation on attendance rates.

“We have undervalued the importance of personal interrelations in education”

Interview

“We have undervalued the importance of personal interrelations in education”

May 2017

Education
Alan Daly, Chair Professor and Head of the Department of Education Studies, University of California, San Diego.

Alan Daly, Chair Professor of Education at the University of California, offers in this interview granted to the Social Observatory of "la Caixa” a view of the role of personal relations in the world of education, in which he highlights the concept of social capital.

Science and the future

Review

Science and the future

May 2017

Science
Tessa Dunlop, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB)

How can we tackle living with uncertainty? We analyse two books that provide a critical view and a philosophical focus to try to help manage our expectations regarding the future and the tools that science offers us to try to predict it.

Chemical pollution does not just have an impact on human health; it also has an impact on our econom

Interview

Chemical pollution does not just have an impact on human health; it also has an impact on our econom

April 2017

Science
Leonardo Trasande, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Environmental Medicine and Population Health School of Medicine,
New York University

What diseases are caused by the pollutants that we release into the environment? Why do they affect children most? What repercussion do these illnesses have on health and the economy? We interview Leonardo Trasande, professor at New York University and an expert on the subject.

Young people and wellbeing

Infodata

Young people and wellbeing

April 2017

Social Inclusion

The level of satisfaction with life varies according to age groups. The younger population tends to show higher levels of satisfaction.

Young people and participation

Infodata

Young people and participation

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the implication of young people in political activities and volunteering? In 2015, one in every ten young people took part in volunteering activities through an organisation.

Young people and social inclusion

Infodata

Young people and social inclusion

April 2017

Social Inclusion

What is the impact of poverty and social exclusion on young people? This infographic shows social exclusion rates by age group and the different problem issues linked to youth unemployment.

There are no results.