Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

Article

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Ana R. Sepúlveda, Tatiana Lacruz, Santos Solano, Marta Rojo, Francisco J. Román and Miriam Blanco, ANOBAS research group, Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM);Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea and Carina Bellver (StoryData)

¿Does childhood obesity as a result of a disadvantaged family environment exist? This article points towards the fact that, in the face of psychological distress, many children use food as an escape valve, which causes a loss of control over their diet.

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

Article

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona and IAE-CSIC;Libertad González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE

Despite a slight increase in participation by men, this study shows that housework and childcare represented a heavier workload for women during the lockdown.

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

Article

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

September 2020

Education
Dulce Manzano and María Fernández-Mellizo, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM);Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea and Carina Bellver (StoryData)

The digital divide reduces equal opportunities for citizens. This article examines the reasons for this based on the analysis of ICT use patterns among Spanish compulsory secondary-school students.  

Personal well-being and the use of technology during lockdown

Article

Personal well-being and the use of technology during lockdown

September 2020

Social Inclusion
Javier García-Manglano, Charo Sádaba, Cecilia Serrano and Claudia López, research group, Institute of Culture and Society, University of Navarra

Technology has played a key role in us continuing to work and study from home, but also in leisure and communication. We spent, on average, over 9 hours a day in front of screens. Does greater consumption mean more or less wellbeing?

call

Call to support research projects on social inequality (LL2020_5)

September 2020

Social Inclusion

The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” announces a call to support research projects on inequality in Spain.

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

Article

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

September 2020

Science
Maria Rubio Juan, Melanie Revilla, André Pirralha and Wiebke Weber, RECSM-Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Climate change is a concern worldwide, but what influences support for climate change policies? According to this study, the determining factor is the perceived effectiveness of each measure.

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty for promotion at work?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor and Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED;M. José González, UPF

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

Article

More female employment than ever, but the gender gap persists

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Mònica Serrano, Universitat de Barcelona;Rosa Duarte and Cristina Sarasa, Universidad de Zaragoza;Adapted by Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

The gender gap in employment prior to covid-19 stood at around 16.5%. This article assesses the impact of economic crises and analyses the evolution of female employment between 1980 and 2017.

Employed but poor

Article

Employed but poor

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Begoña Cueto, University of Oviedo

“In-work poverty” has the greatest impact on women and young people, and this was the case before the covid-19 crisis. This article shows that between 2010 and 2014, the median wage fell by 5.2%.

Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

Article

Work-family balance in the summer, a bad deal for women

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Almudena Moreno Mínguez, UVa;Raquel Llorente Heras, UAM;Diego Dueñas Fernández, UAH;Adapted by: Laia Brufau and Eli Vivas (StoryData)

How do families solve the problem of balancing work and family life when school finishes for the summer? Women bear the brunt in the labour sphere.

Education

Report

Education

July 2020

Education

Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.

The redistributive effects of special taxes

Report

The redistributive effects of special taxes

July 2020

Social Inclusion
José M. Labeaga, UNED

The aim of excise duties is to reduce the negative impact on society of specific consumption, such as fuels or tobacco. This report shows that they are regressive in their current design.

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

Article

Income inequality in Spain: a growing and underestimated problem

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Clara Martínez-Toledano, Facundo Alvaredo and Miguel Artola, Paris School of Economics;Adaptation: Sergio Torrejón Pérez, social researcher

The increase in economic inequality in recent years in Spain translates into the richest 1% of the population obtaining a higher income than the poorest 50%. What lies behind this concentration of capital?

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, University of Lausanne, Switzerland;Giorgio Piccitto, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universitat Pompeu Fabra;Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

Article

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

July 2020

Social Inclusion
Cesira Urzi Brancati, Songül Tolan, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Ignacio González Vázquez, Marta Fana and Sergio Torrejón Pérez, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre

The impact of the covid-19 crisis on the labour market is being more pronounced in the Mediterranean countries and is concentrated on workers with low salaries and in precarious jobs, as well as women and younger workers.

Call to support survey-based research projects on the impact of covid-19

call

Call to support survey-based research projects on the impact of covid-19

June 2020

The aim of the call was to support survey-based research that allows data to be obtained on the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on Spanish society.

Call to support research projects on the social impact of covid-19

call

Call to support research projects on the social impact of covid-19

June 2020

The aim of the call was to support survey-based research that allows data to be obtained on the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on Spanish society.

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

Report

The redistributive effects of wealth tax

June 2020

Social Inclusion
José María Durán Cabré and Alejandro Esteller Moré, Universitat de Barcelona & Institut d’Economia de Barcelona

Does a wealth tax help to reduce inequality when it comes to distributing wealth? This report shows that Spain’s wealth tax displays major shortcomings that limit its collection and redistributive impact. 

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

Article

How is the use and expenditure of public healthcare services distributed?

June 2020

Social Inclusion
Anna García-Altés, Catalan Agency for Health Quality and Evaluation (AQuAS);Emili Vela, Montse Clèries and Cristina Adroher, CatSalut;Vincenzo Alberto Vella, CIBERESP;Adapted by Xavier Aguilar

Healthcare spending is unequal: it increases with age and is higher among men than women. Furthermore, 5% of the population is responsible for 50% of total expenditure. We analyse the factors that explain this, within a pre-covid-19 scenario.

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

June 2020

Social Inclusion
R. Alós, F. Miguélez, O. Molina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.    

Analysis of social needs of women and men

Report

Analysis of social needs of women and men

June 2020

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos y EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez, Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá y EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED y EQUALITAS

Have we improved in terms of equality between men and women? In this report we analyse five dimensions: economic wellbeing, employment, access to decent housing, education and state of health.

Social Research Call 2020

call

Social Research Call 2020

May 2020

Analysis of social needs of senior citizens

Report

Analysis of social needs of senior citizens

May 2020

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED & EQUALITAS;Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá & EQUALITAS

Elderly people enjoy greater economic stability but suffer from a worse state of health. We analyse the situation of this population segment prior to the drastic change caused by covid-19.

Analysis of social needs of youth

Report

Analysis of social needs of youth

May 2020

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED & EQUALITAS;Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá & EQUALITAS

A lack of professional opportunities and labour precarity mean that young people are very vulnerable to economic crises. What were the circumstances of this group prior to covid-19?

Analysis of social needs of children

Report

Analysis of social needs of children

May 2020

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez, Universidad de Alcalá & EQUALITAS;Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & EQUALITAS);Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED & EQUALITAS;Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá & EQUALITAS

Deprivations during childhood become unequal opportunities in adulthood. Understanding the conditions in which this population segment lived prior to the covid-19 crisis can help to prepare for the future.

The redistributive effects of the system of taxes and transfers in Europe

Report

The redistributive effects of the system of taxes and transfers in Europe

April 2020

Social Inclusion
Amadeo Fuenmayor, Rafael Granell and Teresa Savall, Universitat de València

We analyse possible reforms, considered in a pre-covid-19 scenario, for improving the welfare state in Spain and its redistributive capacity in relation to the European average.

The redistributive effects of family policies

Report

The redistributive effects of family policies

April 2020

Social Inclusion
Olga Cantó and Andrea Sobas, Universidad de Alcalá

One of the risks of the pandemic is an increase in child poverty. We analyse the effectiveness of redistributive polices (pre-covid-19) whose aim is to protect vulnerable households with children.

“To alleviate poverty, there are small investments that can have an enormous impact”

Interview

“To alleviate poverty, there are small investments that can have an enormous impact”

April 2020

Social Inclusion
Michael Kremer, Nobel Prize for Economics 2019

Can poverty be eradicated? Michael Kremer, Nobel Prize for Economics 2019, talks to us about new tools for the economy, which enable us to obtain a rigorous estimate of causes and impacts.

The redistributive effects of social benefits and taxes: a review of the current situation

Report

The redistributive effects of social benefits and taxes: a review of the current situation

April 2020

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala, UNED and Equalitas;Olga Cantó, Universidad de Alcalá and Equalitas

The situation in the coming months forces us to reflect on our society's (pre-covid-19) redistributive capacity. Spain is one of the EU countries with the greatest income inequality. 

Demographic determinants

Infodata

Demographic determinants

February 2020

Social Inclusion

Population changes can occur due to variations in the population caused by natural changes and migratory movements.

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

People at risk of poverty and social exclusion

February 2020

Social Inclusion

In 2017, one out of every four people was at risk of poverty and social exclusion in Spain, three points higher than the European average(EU-28: 23.5%)

Inequality in income distribution

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

February 2020

Social Inclusion

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Level of economic development

Infodata

Level of economic development

February 2020

Social Inclusion

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European average, unchanged from the previous year

Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

February 2020

Social Inclusion

Some 79.3% of households with children and with very low work intensity were at risk of poverty in 2017. Does this figure exceed the European average?

Tackling child poverty

Dossier

Tackling child poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion

To what point do poverty and material deprivation affect the households in which children live? The eighth Dossier from the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” analyses the relationship between child poverty and its consequences, such as health problems, academic failure and social mobility difficulties. 

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Blanco and Salvador Pérez, Universidad de Málaga

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

CaixaProinfancia Programme

Best practices

CaixaProinfancia Programme

February 2020

Social Inclusion

The CaixaProinfancia programme supports families in a situation of poverty with academic reinforcement, grants for food and hygiene, leisure, psychotherapeutic care and family educational support.

The high price of inequality: lessons on the costs and consequences of child poverty in advanced societies

Review

The high price of inequality: lessons on the costs and consequences of child poverty in advanced societies

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Alejandro Arias Lera, an analyst at the Spanish Government’s High Commissioner’s Ouice for the fight against child poverty

The books reviewed here consider why it is important for everyone, and not just for the most vulnerable, to achieve more egalitarian societies.

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

Article

The enduring impact of the economic crisis on child poverty

February 2020

Social Inclusion
Sara Ayllón, Department of Economics, Universitat de Girona

Despite the economic recovery, in 2018 three out of every ten children were living in a situation of anchored poverty. Poverty during childhood has consequences throughout life. We analyse its impact.

Social exclusion from the labour market

Infodata

Social exclusion from the labour market

February 2020

Social Inclusion

The difference in unemployment rates between men and women in our country is larger than the European average. How has it evolved during the recent years of economic crisis?

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

Article

Applicants and awardees of the ”la Caixa” Grants programme: who are they?

January 2020

Education
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona;Francesc Ortega, City University of New York

The “la Caixa” Banking Foundation grants programme, which funds postgraduate studies, has a major impact on the careers of its beneficiaries. Who applies for these grants and what factors determine to whom they are awarded?

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

January 2020

Social Inclusion
Margarita Torre, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

Article

What is the value of domestic work in Spain?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Department of Sociology of Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies)

Caring for children and dependent elderly people, cooking, cleaning the house… what economic value can we attribute to unpaid domestic tasks? We calculate what this invisible work would represent for Spain’s GDP. 

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

Article

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

December 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier Yanguas, Amaya Cilvetti and Cristina Segura, “la Caixa” Programme for Elderly People

The most visible face of loneliness is the feeling of not having people to call on or trust in case of need. Who does it affect most? We analyse the influence of factors such as age and gender.  

How many people do we know?

Article

How many people do we know?

November 2019

Science
Miranda Jessica Lubbers, José Luis Molina and Hugo Valenzuela, (Investigation Group GRAFO, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona);Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

Call to support a research project on the “brain drain”

call

Call to support a research project on the “brain drain”

November 2019

The call has been open to social research projects that, will help to analyse the net effect of a “brain drain” on scientific activity in the country of origin by using quantitative techniques. 

Health

Report

Health

October 2019

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos y EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez, Universidad de Alcalá y EQUALITAS;Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos y EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED y EQUALITAS;Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá y EQUALITAS

This report analyses four challenges relating to health in Spain: improving the population’s health, promoting healthy lifestyle habits, guaranteeing access to healthcare and the viability of services for dependency.

Call to support social research projects: vocational training, early school leaving and job insecurity

call

Call to support social research projects: vocational training, early school leaving and job insecurity

October 2019

The call has been open to foster research in the social sciences by supporting original research that can shed light on three specific aspects of social reality in Spain: vocational training, early school leaving and job insecurity.

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

Article

Why do men not use work-family reconciliation measures?

October 2019

Social Inclusion
J. A. Fernández-Cornejo, Sabina Belope-Nguema, Lorenzo Escot and Eva del Pozo- García, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

According to this study, following new additions to the family only 4% of fathers requested reduced working hours, versus 37.7% of mothers. 

“Diversity makes science better”

Interview

“Diversity makes science better”

October 2019

Science Social Inclusion
Elizabeth Rasekoala, President of African Gong

Elizabeth Rasekoala, President of African Gong, defends the importance of science as a tool for social transformation and talks to us about the need for acquiring basic scientific literacy in order to be able to think critically.

Call for a grant to fund a social study project based on a multi-annual survey

call

Call for a grant to fund a social study project based on a multi-annual survey

October 2019

The call has been open to research projects that, through the conducting of a multi-annual survey over the course of the next four years, contributes a new analysis of a social phenomenon or problem and its evolution over time.

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

September 2019

Culture
Juan de Dios Montoro Pons, Universitat de València;Manuel Cuadrado García, Universitat de València

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?  

Strengthening social welfare: from minimum income to basic income

Report

Strengthening social welfare: from minimum income to basic income

September 2019

Social Inclusion
Jordi Sevilla, Coordinación y dirección

Este informe recoge el análisis sobre la situación social en España y sobre la capacidad de las ayudas y subsidios existentes para garantizar unos ingresos mínimos a todos los ciudadanos, con el objetivo de reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad.

Invitation to present studies on immigration for the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”

call

Invitation to present studies on immigration for the Social Observatory of “la Caixa”

September 2019

The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” invited researchers interested in disseminating their research work among a non-academic audience to submit their papers (published articles, preprint or working papers) dealing with the subject of immigration.

Does unemployment harm mental health?

Article

Does unemployment harm mental health?

September 2019

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona, IAE (CSIC), MOVE and IZA;Francesco Fasani, Queen Mary University of London, IZA and CEPR;Hannes Mueller, IAE (CSIC), Barcelona GSE and MOVE;Adaptation: Michele Catanzaro

Stress, depression, insomnia, tension, feeling of uselessness… This article analyses how the mental health of workers was affected by the economic crisis and long-term unemployment.  

Call for experimental research projects in the social sciences

call

Call for experimental research projects in the social sciences

July 2019

The call has been opened to support research projects in social sciences based on laboratory or field experiments.

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Housing

Report

Housing

July 2019

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez, Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá and EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED and EQUALITAS

What social challenges does decent housing represent in Spain? This report analyses three challenges in this field: access, conditions and energy needs.

Does science advance one funeral at a time?

Article

Does science advance one funeral at a time?

July 2019

Science
Christian Fons-Rosen, Pompeu Fabra University

What happens when a scientist conducting high-level research dies prematurely? This article confirms a proliferation of articles by new researchers, with disruptive ideas, in the field of the deceased person.

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