Content of science

The challenge of climate change

Infodata

The challenge of climate change

January 2018

Science

How has the Earth’s average temperature evolved since 1880? The years 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 were the hottest on record.

Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

Barometer

Science, Innovation and Environment Indicators

September 2016

Science

Research is a potential driving force for promoting economic growth and social welfare. What is the relative effort in research that different countries make? What economic activities are related to that research? This set of indicators provides an introduction to the history of research and innovation in various countries.

How much do countries invest in R&D?

Infodata

How much do countries invest in R&D?

September 2017

Science

How much do countries invest in R&D? In more dynamic economies, the business sector is the major funder, whereas in Southern Europe, the governments lead investment.

Academic performance of students in sciences and attitudes towards science

Infodata

Academic performance of students in sciences and attitudes towards science

September 2017

Science

How many students aged over 15 years have excellent results in sciences and how many hope to undertake a research-related career? In 2015, some 28.6% of Spanish students wanted to work in a scientific profession.

Intensive use of human capital

Infodata

Intensive use of human capital

September 2017

Science

What is the percentage of people employed in knowledge-intensive activities? In Spain, approximately a third of the population, slightly below the European average.

How equitable is science?

Infodata

How equitable is science?

September 2017

Science

This indicator offers a view of the distribution of university research work between men and women. Women represent just 21% of chair professors.

Open access to science

Infodata

Open access to science

September 2017

Science

Open Access means the online and free availability of the results of research. In Spain, the proportion of accessible and restriction-free documents stands above the European Union average.

What does society think of science and technology?

Infodata

What does society think of science and technology?

September 2017

Science

In what areas will science and technological innovation have a positive impact in the next 15 years? The view of citizens.