Immigration: challenges and opportunities
What challenges and opportunities are posed by immigration? The ninth Dossier from the Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” analyses why this phenomenon is key for the sustainability of depopulated areas in Spain and its impact on the education system.
Immigration is revitalising rural Spain
In 2019, nearly 10% of residents in Spanish municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants had been born abroad. Is immigration rejuvenating and preserving activity in depopulated areas of Spain?
Immigration, integration and sustainability of the education system
The arrival of foreign pupils at state-owned schools caused the displacement of the children of native families with greater resources towards private schools. What effects does this displacement have on the quality of the public system?
“The concept that a job filled by an immigrant takes a job away from a native is wrong”
What volume of immigration can the rich countries absorb? Expert Giovanni Peri affirms that not only should low-skilled and low-wage immigrants be admitted but also highly skilled professionals.
Understanding immigration to coexist in the future
Immigration causes economic, political, and cultural changes in host societies. These two works propose intelligent, innovative, and collaborative solutions to tackle the challenges of immigration.
Intercultural Community Intervention (ICI) project. ”la Caixa” Foundation
The ”la Caixa” Foundation’s ICI project is an approach to the ethnocultural diversity of the local community, as well as that contributed by foreign immigration, with the goal of enhancing coexistence and social cohesion.
From Refugees to Citizens
“From refugees to citizens” is the slogan for the project of the German city of Altena to facilitate the social integration of refugees and asylum seekers. The distinctive trait of this experience is the leading role played by civil society.
Through the training of immigrant mothers, so that they can act as “neighbourhood mothers”, this action, carried out in Denmark, is successful in transmitting to women from ethnic minorities their rights and obligations in the host country.
What to do with young, unaccompanied refugees who at the age of 18 have their state tutelage removed? In Belgium, they voted for a comprehensive individualised accompaniment and support from young native people with whom they are co-housed.
In Sweden, with the collaboration of the Public Employment Service and agents from various employment sectors, newly arrived immigrants are trained to facilitate their rapid inclusion into the labour market.
Success for All
In the United States, a programme aims to ensure that all students acquire basic language skills, with support measures for families and teachers. Equality in education in order to be abel to opt for the same opportunities for success