“To reduce inequality, we have to do more in early childhood”

Jane Waldfogel, Chair Professor of Social Work and Public Affairs,
Columbia University School

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Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study, participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO qualification by 12%.

Article

The presence of immigrants in local politics is well below their demographic weight in Spanish society

Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether differences exist between the different foreign groups.

Report

Education

Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Review

The high price of inequality: lessons on the costs and consequences of child poverty in advanced societies

The books reviewed here consider why it is important for everyone, and not just for the most vulnerable, to achieve more egalitarian societies.

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Article

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Education

What role must teachers play to combat early leaving from education and training of young people of foreign origin? This study shows that their support is key and that they must count on the necessary resources for guiding pupils.

Article

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

Education

Some 23.5% of pupils of immigrant origin leave school in the transition between compulsory and post-compulsory education. We analyse the differences by pupils' migration status and sex.

Article

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

Education

The digital divide reduces equal opportunities for citizens. This article examines the reasons for this based on the analysis of ICT use patterns among Spanish compulsory secondary-school students.

“The profile of the Spanish cultural consumer is similar to its European counterpart”

Victor Fernández Blanco, Associate Professor of Foundations of Economic Analysis at the Department of Economics of the University of Oviedo, and specialist in the field of the economics of culture

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Interview

"When at-risk youths come into contact with the arts, their academic achievement and their civic and social engagement improve"

To what point does art contribute to social integration? Talking about access to culture under conditions of equality with Sunil Iyengar.

Interview

“Culture belongs to the upper classes. It is hard to attract families with lower education levels”

How can the cultural consumption of the new generations, particularly that of families with lower educational levels, be increased? Françoise Benhamou provides some key points in this interview.

Infodata

Public investment in culture

How much do countries invest in culture? In the last decade, the governmental authorities in Spain have reduced the funding of cultural services.

Infodata

Employment in the cultural sector

How many people work in the cultural sector? In 2015, the cultural sector employed 2.5% of the population of Spain. This figure is lower than the European average.

Infodata

Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

How many people participate in complementary training courses linked to culture? In 2015, 5.9% of the Spanish population underwent some training of this type.

You may also find interesting

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Culture

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?

Infodata

New forms of cultural participation

New forms of cultural participation

Culture

Income level influences habits in cultural participation online. What happens in our peer countries?

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Culture

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.

Chemical pollution does not just have an impact on human health; it also has an impact on our econom

Leonardo Trasande, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Environmental Medicine and Population Health School of Medicine,
New York University

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Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Level of economic development

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European average, unchanged from the previous year

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

Barometer

Percentage of children aged below 6 years that are at risk of poverty

You may also find interesting

Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Science

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

Article

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

Science

Climate change is a concern worldwide, but what influences support for climate change policies? According to this study, the determining factor is the perceived effectiveness of each measure.

Article

How many people do we know?

How many people do we know?

Science

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

“We have undervalued the importance of personal interrelations in education”

Alan Daly, Chair Professor and Head of the Department of Education Studies, University of California, San Diego.

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Article

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study, participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO qualification by 12%.

Report

Education

Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.

Interview

"When at-risk youths come into contact with the arts, their academic achievement and their civic and social engagement improve"

To what point does art contribute to social integration? Talking about access to culture under conditions of equality with Sunil Iyengar.

Interview

“Culture belongs to the upper classes. It is hard to attract families with lower education levels”

How can the cultural consumption of the new generations, particularly that of families with lower educational levels, be increased? Françoise Benhamou provides some key points in this interview.

Barometer

Rate for education and training early leavers, by sex

You may also find interesting

Article

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Why are there more early school leavers among migrant-background young people?

Education

What role must teachers play to combat early leaving from education and training of young people of foreign origin? This study shows that their support is key and that they must count on the necessary resources for guiding pupils.

Article

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

The transition to post-compulsory education among students of immigrant origin in Catalonia

Education

Some 23.5% of pupils of immigrant origin leave school in the transition between compulsory and post-compulsory education. We analyse the differences by pupils' migration status and sex.

Article

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

Education

The digital divide reduces equal opportunities for citizens. This article examines the reasons for this based on the analysis of ICT use patterns among Spanish compulsory secondary-school students.

“Science issues are increasingly pressing civic issues”

Lee Rainie and Cary Funk, Pew Research Center.

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Barometer

Percentage of children aged below 6 years that are at risk of poverty

Infodata

Public investment in elderly people

What percentage of public spending is allocated to elderly people? The tendency in European countries has been to increase the weight of the resources allocated to this group.

Interview

“You must not measure everybody using the same set of criteria”

Paul Wouters, director of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies at the University of Leiden, talks with the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” about new tendencies in research evaluation.

Infodata

Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

How many people participate in complementary training courses linked to culture? In 2015, 5.9% of the Spanish population underwent some training of this type.

Infodata

Participation in studies related with culture by gender

In all the countries, courses related with culture involved more women than men in 2015. In Spain, 57.8% of students with culture-related qualifications were women.

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Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Science

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

Article

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

Science

Climate change is a concern worldwide, but what influences support for climate change policies? According to this study, the determining factor is the perceived effectiveness of each measure.

Article

How many people do we know?

How many people do we know?

Science

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

“The most important contribution of the arts is giving identity to a country or region”

John W. O’Hagan, Trinity College, Dublín

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Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Article

The presence of immigrants in local politics is well below their demographic weight in Spanish society

Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether differences exist between the different foreign groups.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Level of economic development

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European average, unchanged from the previous year

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

You may also find interesting

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Culture

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?

Infodata

New forms of cultural participation

New forms of cultural participation

Culture

Income level influences habits in cultural participation online. What happens in our peer countries?

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Culture

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.

“You must not measure everybody using the same set of criteria”

Classification

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Subject areas

Related content

Barometer

Rate for education and training early leavers, by sex

Infodata

Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

How many people participate in complementary training courses linked to culture? In 2015, 5.9% of the Spanish population underwent some training of this type.

Infodata

Participation in studies related with culture by gender

In all the countries, courses related with culture involved more women than men in 2015. In Spain, 57.8% of students with culture-related qualifications were women.

Best practices

CaixaEscena

A performing arts-based programme that integrates social, educational and cultural action.

Review

The State and the Innovation Effort

From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008. This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that analyse this issue from very different perspectives.

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Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Science

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

Article

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

Science

Climate change is a concern worldwide, but what influences support for climate change policies? According to this study, the determining factor is the perceived effectiveness of each measure.

Article

How many people do we know?

How many people do we know?

Science

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

“Culture belongs to the upper classes. It is hard to attract families with lower education levels”

Françoise Benhamou, professor of Economics of the University of Paris-13, and specialist in the field of the economics of culture

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Interview

"When at-risk youths come into contact with the arts, their academic achievement and their civic and social engagement improve"

To what point does art contribute to social integration? Talking about access to culture under conditions of equality with Sunil Iyengar.

Infodata

Barriers to cultural participation according to household type

16.5% of families with children in the home cannot afford to enjoy cultural activities, a percentage that increases to 20.3% in the case of single-parent households.

Infodata

Participation in cultural activities

Do families with children attend cultural activities more often? This indicator shows the percentage of cultural participation according to household type.

Barometer

Rate for education and training early leavers, by sex

Infodata

Public investment in culture

How much do countries invest in culture? In the last decade, the governmental authorities in Spain have reduced the funding of cultural services.

You may also find interesting

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Culture

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?

Infodata

New forms of cultural participation

New forms of cultural participation

Culture

Income level influences habits in cultural participation online. What happens in our peer countries?

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Culture

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.

"When at-risk youths come into contact with the arts, their academic achievement and their civic and social engagement improve"

Sunil Iyengar, Office of Research & Analysis Director at the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA)

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Related content

Article

Are policies designed to prevent early school leaving working in Spain?

Is the Learning and Performance Improvement Programme (PMAR) effective for the prevention of early school leaving? According to this study, participating in the PMAR increases the probability of obtaining an ESO qualification by 12%.

Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Report

Education

Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.

Report

Analysis of social needs of youth

A lack of professional opportunities and labour precarity mean that young people are very vulnerable to economic crises. What were the circumstances of this group prior to covid-19?

Article

Why are young people unable to access home ownership?

Employment precarity is an obstacle to accessing home ownership for young people. Rental, which is more expensive, or family solidarity are the main alternatives for setting up a home.

You may also find interesting

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Culture

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?

Infodata

New forms of cultural participation

New forms of cultural participation

Culture

Income level influences habits in cultural participation online. What happens in our peer countries?

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Culture

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.

“Fair society, healthy lives”

Michael Marmot,
Director of the Institute of Health Equityof of the University College London (UCL)

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Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Article

The presence of immigrants in local politics is well below their demographic weight in Spanish society

Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether differences exist between the different foreign groups.

Infodata

Perceived health status

People of Spanish and foreign nationalities alike have a perception of their health as good or very good, and above the European Union average.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Level of economic development

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European average, unchanged from the previous year

You may also find interesting

Article

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Social Inclusion

Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people) exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a low educational level.

Article

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Social Inclusion

Does it pay to be a micro-influencer? Some 62% of those interviewed in this study are dissatisfied with their earnings in relation to the impact that they generate in their communities.

Article

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Social Inclusion

An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles, team managers tended towards choosing players with local names.

«Science was never intended to be in the market, but today it’s a commodity»

Andrea Saltelli, researcher at the University of Bergen and at ICTA (Autonomous University of Barcelona - UAB)

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Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Level of economic development

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European average, unchanged from the previous year

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

Barometer

Percentage of children aged below 6 years that are at risk of poverty

You may also find interesting

Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Science

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

Article

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

Science

Climate change is a concern worldwide, but what influences support for climate change policies? According to this study, the determining factor is the perceived effectiveness of each measure.

Article

How many people do we know?

How many people do we know?

Science

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

“No matter what the economy does, art and culture will continue to function”

David Throsby, Specialist in the Economics of Art and Culture, Distinguished Professor of the Department of Economics,
Macquarie University (Australia)

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Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Article

The presence of immigrants in local politics is well below their demographic weight in Spanish society

Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether differences exist between the different foreign groups.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Level of economic development

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European average, unchanged from the previous year

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

You may also find interesting

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Culture

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?

Infodata

New forms of cultural participation

New forms of cultural participation

Culture

Income level influences habits in cultural participation online. What happens in our peer countries?

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Culture

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.

“One of the functions of art is to open up debates in society”

Jen Snowball, Professor, Department of Economics and Economic History, Rhodes University

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Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Level of economic development

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European average, unchanged from the previous year

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

Interview

"When at-risk youths come into contact with the arts, their academic achievement and their civic and social engagement improve"

To what point does art contribute to social integration? Talking about access to culture under conditions of equality with Sunil Iyengar.

You may also find interesting

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Culture

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?

Infodata

New forms of cultural participation

New forms of cultural participation

Culture

Income level influences habits in cultural participation online. What happens in our peer countries?

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Culture

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.

“A science-informed approach specifically refers to understanding how problems develop”

Dr Nick, Axford Senior Researcher and Head of What Works, Dartington Social Research Unit

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Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Article

The presence of immigrants in local politics is well below their demographic weight in Spanish society

Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether differences exist between the different foreign groups.

Report

Education

Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

Some 79.3% of households with children and with very low work intensity were at risk of poverty in 2017. Does this figure exceed the European average?

You may also find interesting

Article

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Social Inclusion

Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people) exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a low educational level.

Article

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Social Inclusion

Does it pay to be a micro-influencer? Some 62% of those interviewed in this study are dissatisfied with their earnings in relation to the impact that they generate in their communities.

Article

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Social Inclusion

An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles, team managers tended towards choosing players with local names.

“Regulating the work of undocumented immigrants in the care sector is a priority”

Giovanni Lamura, Researcher at the National Institute on Health and Science of Ageing (INRCA) in Ancona, Italy

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Author

Giovanni Lamura , Researcher at the National Institute on Health and Science of Ageing (INRCA) in Ancona, Italy

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Article

The presence of immigrants in local politics is well below their demographic weight in Spanish society

Do municipal councils in Spain reflect the diversity of origins of the population? We analyse access to local politics for immigrants and whether differences exist between the different foreign groups.

Best practices

CURANT

What to do with young, unaccompanied refugees who at the age of 18 have their state tutelage removed? In Belgium, they voted for a comprehensive individualised accompaniment and support from young native people with whom they are co-housed.

Best practices

Neighbourhood Mothers

Through the training of immigrant mothers, so that they can act as “neighbourhood mothers”, this action, carried out in Denmark, is successful in transmitting to women from ethnic minorities their rights and obligations in the host country.

Best practices

From Refugees to Citizens

“From refugees to citizens” is the slogan for the project of the German city of Altena to facilitate the social integration of refugees and asylum seekers. The distinctive trait of this experience is the leading role played by civil society.

Infodata

Temporary and part-time employment as a percentage of the working population

Temporary work contracts are more common among the foreign population: in 2018, some 37.1% of the employed population of foreign origin had temporary contracts and 19.3%, part-time contracts, 13 and 6 points higher, respectively, than the population of native origin.

You may also find interesting

Article

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Social Inclusion

Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people) exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a low educational level.

Article

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Social Inclusion

Does it pay to be a micro-influencer? Some 62% of those interviewed in this study are dissatisfied with their earnings in relation to the impact that they generate in their communities.

Article

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Social Inclusion

An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles, team managers tended towards choosing players with local names.

“Reablement is a new way of working, with the aim of improving elderly people’s independence.”

Tine Rostgaard, Lecturer on Citizenship and Elderly People, Department of Political Science, University of Aalborg (Denmark)

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Report

Education

Do we have quality education? In this report we analyse three fundamental dimensions: access to sufficient educational level, obtaining of adequate knowledge to contribute to economic and social development, and degree of inclusion of the education system.

Infodata

Demographic determinants

Population changes can occur due to variations in the population caused by natural changes and migratory movements.

Infodata

Households with very low work intensity and dependent children, greater risk of poverty and social exclusion

Some 79.3% of households with children and with very low work intensity were at risk of poverty in 2017. Does this figure exceed the European average?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

Best practices

CaixaProinfancia Programme

The CaixaProinfancia programme supports families in a situation of poverty with academic reinforcement, grants for food and hygiene, leisure, psychotherapeutic care and family educational support.

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Article

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Involuntary and dependent self-employment in Spain

Social Inclusion

Involuntary self-employment in Spain (21.7% of self-employed people) exceeded the European average (16.9%) in 2017. This study indicates that involuntary self-employment is common among young people and people with a low educational level.

Article

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Being a micro-influencer: an unsustainable activity for young people

Social Inclusion

Does it pay to be a micro-influencer? Some 62% of those interviewed in this study are dissatisfied with their earnings in relation to the impact that they generate in their communities.

Article

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Immigrants’ names as an initial factor of discrimination

Social Inclusion

An experiment with an amateur football team reveals difficulties in social integration for people of foreign origin. When faced with similar profiles, team managers tended towards choosing players with local names.

«Creative work favours innovation and, therefore, growth»

Hasan Bakhshi, Director de Industrias Creativas, NESTA

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Article

The evolution of employment precarity among young people in Spain, 2008-2018

Labour precarity among young people especially affects women. They occupy worse-paid positions with higher rates of temporary work than men.

Infodata

Inequality in income distribution

Between the years 2007 and 2017, inequality in Spain increased, with a Gini Coeficient (not including social transfers) that has increased in value from 45 to 50

Infodata

Level of economic development

The GDP in purchasing power standards allows a more exact comparison of the level of economic development between countries. In 2017, the GDP per inhabitant in Purchasing Power Standards remained at 92% of the European average, unchanged from the previous year

Article

Why are there fewer women in manual occupations?

Two out of every three workers in manual occupations are men, and women continue to be a minority in occupations such as construction, and industry. What factors influence segregation by gender in the labour market?

Interview

"When at-risk youths come into contact with the arts, their academic achievement and their civic and social engagement improve"

To what point does art contribute to social integration? Talking about access to culture under conditions of equality with Sunil Iyengar.

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Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Culture

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?

Infodata

New forms of cultural participation

New forms of cultural participation

Culture

Income level influences habits in cultural participation online. What happens in our peer countries?

Review

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

The arts and the advancement of the economy and society

Culture

What relationship exists between art and economics? We present two books that study the importance of creativity and innovation in the arts, as well as how art contributes to economic development.

«If we are capable of living healthily, living more years does not mean more dependency»

María Blasco, Director of the National Centre for Oncological Research (CNIO)

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María Blasco , Director of the National Centre for Oncological Research (CNIO)

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Dossier

Families and Child Welfare

The 6th Dossier of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” aims to provide elements for reflection on the diversity of family models in Spain and on how these can condition child welfare.

Interview

“You must not measure everybody using the same set of criteria”

Paul Wouters, director of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies at the University of Leiden, talks with the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” about new tendencies in research evaluation.

Infodata

Percentage of the population that took at least one training course related with culture in the last year

How many people participate in complementary training courses linked to culture? In 2015, 5.9% of the Spanish population underwent some training of this type.

Infodata

Participation in studies related with culture by gender

In all the countries, courses related with culture involved more women than men in 2015. In Spain, 57.8% of students with culture-related qualifications were women.

Review

The State and the Innovation Effort

From an economic viewpoint, innovation is considered to be an engine of growth because of its capacity to generate wealth and employment, a focus that has gained prominence since the start of the financial crisis in 2008. This review by the “la Caixa” Social Observatory comments on two books that analyse this issue from very different perspectives.

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Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Science

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

Article

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

Science

Climate change is a concern worldwide, but what influences support for climate change policies? According to this study, the determining factor is the perceived effectiveness of each measure.

Article

How many people do we know?

How many people do we know?

Science

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

“Fighting climate change will benefit our health enormously”

María Neira, Director of the Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health,
World Health Organization (WHO)

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Perceived health status

People of Spanish and foreign nationalities alike have a perception of their health as good or very good, and above the European Union average.

Infodata

Dependence for personal care

How many people aged over 65 years have difficulties in performing some of the basic activities of everyday life? In our country, 33% of people aged over 65 years have problems washing themselves independently.

Infodata

Public investment in elderly people

What percentage of public spending is allocated to elderly people? The tendency in European countries has been to increase the weight of the resources allocated to this group.

Article

Environment and employment: is there a prize for clean play?

The Social Observatory of “la Caixa” wonders whether it is possible to combine concern for the environment with economic growth. This study, one of the first in its field, shows a positive link between eco-innovation and the creation of employment, even in periods of recession.

Infodata

The challenge of climate change

How has the Earth’s average temperature evolved since 1880? The years 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 were the hottest on record.

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Article

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Can algorithms expose tax fraud?

Science

Things are becoming increasingly difficult for tax evaders, with the new big data and artificial intelligence techniques that detect hidden wealth, the abuse of aggressive tax engineering and money laundering.

Article

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

How can we improve support in Spain for public policies proposing to fight climate change?

Science

Climate change is a concern worldwide, but what influences support for climate change policies? According to this study, the determining factor is the perceived effectiveness of each measure.

Article

How many people do we know?

How many people do we know?

Science

According to this study, we frequently interact with an average of 536 acquaintances, but the number is different for each person. What factors influence the size of our relationship circles?

“Our children are perfectly at home on YouTube, but they have no idea how a vacuum cleaner works”

José van Dijck, professor of the University of Utrecht. Her research area is media studies and communication

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José van Dijck , professor of the University of Utrecht. Her research area is media studies and communication

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Interview

“Culture belongs to the upper classes. It is hard to attract families with lower education levels”

How can the cultural consumption of the new generations, particularly that of families with lower educational levels, be increased? Françoise Benhamou provides some key points in this interview.

Article

The new generation of digital technologies in Spain

Will new-generation technologies substitute the most routine jobs? Discover the impact of automation on the world of work.

Article

Challenges faced by high culture to attract new audiences in the digital arena

Theatre, opera, classical music, dance… Can digital consumption be an opportunity to attract new audiences to so-called high culture?

Article

Strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s economy with regard to the challenge of digitalisation

A lack of investment in innovation, major employment precarity and a lack of refresher training are obstacles for tackling the digitalisation of the Spanish economy. We analyse the causes.

Article

How does parents’ education influence internet use by their children?

The digital divide reduces equal opportunities for citizens. This article examines the reasons for this based on the analysis of ICT use patterns among Spanish compulsory secondary-school students.

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