Dossier

Families and Child Welfare

Social Inclusion

The 6th Dossier of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” aims to provide elements for reflection on the diversity of family models in Spain and on how these can condition child welfare.

Article

Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

Social Inclusion
Diederik Boertien, Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Spanish families changed significantly in the last two decades. To what point do socioeconomic factors or family structure influence children’s progress at school?
Which family factors affect children’s development at school?

Article

How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?

Social Inclusion
Joan Garcia Román, Centre for Demographic Studies (UAB); "la Caixa” Social Observatory Award for the best article in the field of Social Inclusion

When the number of female breadwinner couples increases, the division of household chores should be more equitable. Is this really true or do women continue to shoulder a greater workload?

How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?

Interview

“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

Social Inclusion
Aart Liefbroer, sociologist and researcher at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute
Do we reproduce the behaviour of our parents? Aart Liefbroer talks to us about the intergenerational transmission of demographic behaviour.
“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”

Review

Inequality: The Costs to Families

Social Inclusion
Frances Goldscheider, University Professor of Sociology, emerita, Brown University
How do economic problems affect family stability? The books reviewed tackle changes in gender roles at work and the instability generated by socioeconomic inequality.
Inequality: The Costs to Families

Best practices

Learning together, growing as a family

Social Inclusion
Nuria Fuentes-Peláez and Ainoa Mateos, coordinators, Faculty of Education, University of Barcelona
A psychoeducational programme from a positive parenting perspective to promote, among others, affective bonds and educational relationships within the family setting.
Learning together, growing as a family

Infodata

How are our households made up?

Social Inclusion
25.6% of Spanish households were made up of one adult without children in 2017. Which family model is predominant in the rest of Europe? 
How are our households made up?

Infodata

Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Social Inclusion
Is there a greater risk of poverty and social exclusion among single-parent households? 48% of such homes suffered  economic difficulties in Spain in 2017.
Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion

Infodata

Can families afford access to childcare services?

Social Inclusion
32.5% of Spanish single-parent families say that they have significant difficulties in paying for childcare services. Do households with two adults have easier access to these services?
Can families afford access to childcare services?

Infodata

What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?

Social Inclusion
Economic reasons, availability of places, distance, timetable flexibility, etc. What factors determine access to nurseries?
What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?

Infodata

Situation of households and performance of students

Social Inclusion
We analyse the difference between the average scores in reading and mathematics for pupils according to their family income levels. Are we above or below neighbouring countries?
Situation of households and performance of students

Infodata

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

Social Inclusion

80.1% of households with two adults and no children live in an owned home. In the case of single-parent households, this percentage falls to 65%.

What type of housing do Spanish families live in?

Infodata

Difficulties of families related with housing

Social Inclusion
54.5% of single-parent households have no capacity to tackle unforeseen expenses. What type of material shortages do other households have? 
Difficulties of families related with housing

Infodata

Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.

Social Inclusion
The highest percentage of households with very low employment intensity stands at 24.6% and corresponds to single-parent households. What happens with other households?
Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.

Infodata

Are families with children in the household happier?

Social Inclusion
Which homes are the happiest? Families with children state that they are happier than those without children to look after.
Are families with children in the household happier?

Infodata

Participation in cultural activities

Social Inclusion
Do families with children attend cultural activities more  often? This indicator shows the percentage of cultural participation according to household type. 
Participation in cultural activities

Infodata

Barriers to cultural participation according to household type

Social Inclusion
16.5% of families with children in the home cannot afford to enjoy cultural activities, a percentage that increases to 20.3% in the case of single-parent households. 
Barriers to cultural participation according to household type