Families and Child Welfare
The 6th Dossier of the Social Observatory of “la Caixa” aims to provide elements for reflection on the diversity of family models in Spain and on how these can condition child welfare.
Which family factors affect children’s development at school?
Spanish families changed significantly in the last two decades. To what point do socioeconomic factors or family structure influence children’s progress at school?
How are household chores divided in female breadwinner couples?
When the number of female breadwinner couples increases, the division of household chores should be more equitable. Is this really true or do women continue to shoulder a greater workload?
“When grandparents contribute to childcare, the birth rate increases”
Do we reproduce the behaviour of our parents? Aart Liefbroer talks to us about the intergenerational transmission of demographic behaviour.
Inequality: The Costs to Families
How do economic problems affect family stability? The books reviewed tackle changes in gender roles at work and the instability generated by socioeconomic inequality.
Learning together, growing as a family
A psychoeducational programme from a positive parenting perspective to promote, among others, affective bonds and educational relationships within the family setting.
How are our households made up?
25.6% of Spanish households were made up of one adult without children in 2017. Which family model is predominant in the rest of Europe?
Households at risk of poverty and social exclusion
Is there a greater risk of poverty and social exclusion among single-parent households? 48% of such homes suffered economic difficulties in Spain in 2017.
Can families afford access to childcare services?
32.5% of Spanish single-parent families say that they have significant difficulties in paying for childcare services. Do households with two adults have easier access to these services?
What are the main reasons that make access to services provided by nurseries difficult?
Economic reasons, availability of places, distance, timetable flexibility, etc. What factors determine access to nurseries?
Situation of households and performance of students
We analyse the difference between the average scores in reading and mathematics for pupils according to their family income levels. Are we above or below neighbouring countries?
What type of housing do Spanish families live in?
80.1% of households with two adults and no children live in an owned home. In the case of single-parent households, this percentage falls to 65%.
Difficulties of families related with housing
54.5% of single-parent households have no capacity to tackle unforeseen expenses. What type of material shortages do other households have?
Concentration of low-intensity employment in single-parent households.
The highest percentage of households with very low employment intensity stands at 24.6% and corresponds to single-parent households. What happens with other households?
Are families with children in the household happier?
Which homes are the happiest? Families with children state that they are happier than those without children to look after.
Participation in cultural activities
Do families with children attend cultural activities more often? This indicator shows the percentage of cultural participation according to household type.
Barriers to cultural participation according to household type
16.5% of families with children in the home cannot afford to enjoy cultural activities, a percentage that increases to 20.3% in the case of single-parent households.