The phenomenon of immigration
Did you know that 13.3% of Spain’s population is of foreign origin? Applications for asylum originating from extra-Community countries have multiplied by 12 in the last ten years in Spain.
Proportion of population at risk of poverty or social exclusion
In 2018, of every 2 people of foreign origin in Spain, 1 was at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Discover if this exceeds the average of the EU countries.
Median equivalised income of the population aged 20 to 64
In 2018, the equivalent median income of individuals born abroad was some 37.8% lower than that of individuals born in Spain. A difference much higher than the EU average, which stands at 7.3%.
Employment rates of the population (aged 24 to 64)
Does being an immigrant influence employability? Judging by the data, yes, and prominently: in 2018, the occupation rate of the foreign population in Spain with higher education was 9.2 points below that of the native population.
Temporary and part-time employment as a percentage of the working population
Temporary work contracts are more common among the foreign population: in 2018, some 37.1% of the employed population of foreign origin had temporary contracts and 19.3%, part-time contracts, 13 and 6 points higher, respectively, than the population of native origin.
Percentage of the population (aged 25 to 54) with higher education
Only 27.7% of the foreign population gains access to higher education in Spain, against 44% of the native population.
Young people (aged 15 to 29) who neither study nor work
The percentage of “NEETs” (Not in Education, Employment or Training) is much higher in Spain among women of foreign origin than among men (27.8% versus 21.6%).
Disproportionate housing costs
Some 30.4% of people of foreign origin live in households in which their housing costs exceed 40% of their disposable income.
The population of immigrant origin has more probabilities of residing in over-occupied dwellings. Thus, in 2018, some 13.2% of people of foreign origin in Spain were living in overcrowded dwellings.
Perceived health status
People of Spanish and foreign nationalities alike have a perception of their health as good or very good, and above the European Union average.
Acquisition of nationality
In 2017, Spanish nationality was obtained by 66,498 people, some 1.1% of the total of the immigrant population and a lower percentage than in other countries such as Italy, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France.
Perception regarding immigration
In 2017, some 7 out of every 10 Spaniards considered that the integration of immigrants was generally satisfactory, a percentage much higher than the EU average.