Report

Analysis of social needs of the inmigrant population

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala and Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and EQUALITAS;Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED and EQUALITAS;Olga Cantó Sánchez and Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá and EQUALITAS

The immigrant collective is one of the most vulnerable groups and, if we compare it with native workers, a significant income gap is revealed. In this report we analyse this population segment’s social needs before covid-19.

Section

Executive summary

Social Inclusion

According to data from 2018, in Spain, immigrants work in the most precarious jobs and have greater difficulty accessing housing.

Executive summary

Section

The situation in Spain

Social Inclusion

In 2018, some 47.1% of immigrants were in a situation of monetary poverty, much  higher than 17.6% of native Spaniards.

The situation in Spain

Section

The situation in Europe

Social Inclusion

The poverty risk rate for immigrants living in Spain (46% before covid-19), is clearly higher than that recorded for the same group across the whole of the EU-28 (29.1%). However, in comparison with the native population, Spain is not the country with the highest differences.

The situation in Europe

Section

Public policies

Social Inclusion

According to the MIPEX indicator, Spain obtains an average qualification of 60 points, which situates it in 11th position of the 38 included in the comparison with respect to integration: educational aspects, health, family reunification, and political participation.

Public policies