Report

Labour market

Social Inclusion
Luis Ayala Cañón, Rosa Martínez López, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and EQUALITAS; Olga Cantó Sánchez, Marina Romaguera de la Cruz, Universidad de Alcalá and EQUALITAS; Carolina Navarro Ruiz, UNED and EQUALITAS

A country’s development depends on access to employment with adequate conditions and sufficient remuneration to cover the needs of each household. This report analyses the social needs linked to the labour market.

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Executive summary and conclusions

Social Inclusion
Unemployment rates and subemployment in the Spanish labour market are much higher than in the large majority of countries of the European Union, in phases of expansion and especially in phases of recession.
Executive summary and conclusions

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The situation in Spain

Social Inclusion
Spain stands out for its high levels of labour poverty and employment instability. Labour poverty is linked, above all, to the insufficiency of hours of work and the concentration of unemployment in certain households.
The situation in Spain

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The situation in Europe

Social Inclusion
Spain occupies, with respect to the other countries in the European Union, a lower position with regard to access to employment, adequate working conditions, and sufficient wages to satisfy household needs.
The situation in Europe

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Public policies

Social Inclusion
Spain is one of the countries in the European Union spending the largest percentages of GDP on unemployment policies. However, the spending per unemployed person and the degree of cover of benefits is lower than in many countries, even those with lower incomes.
Public policies

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Methodological Appendix

Social Inclusion

Want to know how we calculated these indicators? See our Methodological Appendix for details.

Methodological Appendix